ASA #3

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  1. Fatalism
    events predetermined by some higher order or plan 

    no control; outside of self
  2. Determinism
    events depend on cause

    belief that some events causes another event

    cause and effect
  3. free will
    person has choice as to what she/he can do

    ppl. who can act in accordance w/ personal motives
  4. Hofstede (1980)
    cultures tend to differ on four major value dimensions 

    • individuals orientation v.¬†collectivistic orientation
    • power distance
    • uncertainty avoidance
    • masculine vs femininity
  5. individualistic
    independent self who strives to master and shape the personal & social environment to align w/ one's personal wants & needs

    value being unique & original & to be better than others
  6. collectivistic
    more extended sense of self

    understood in relation to a physical & social envi. w/ which one seeks to adapt to and accommodate rather than master

    want to fit in w/ other ppl. and have similar points

    identity overlapse others

    choices are considered for others b/c it might affect their family

    needs before others than the needs for self
  7. What are the differences in societal behaviors b/t individuals & collectivistic culture?
    • individualistic - higher rates for alcoholism, homicide, divorced and juvenile frequency
    • provide the most aid compare to collectivistic

    • collectivistic - higher incidents of genocide and ethnic group violence
    • (concern of whose my in and out group)
  8. Power Distance
    • emphasis on status & hierarchy
    • emphasis on equal relations
  9. uncertainty avoidance
    threat of ambiguous situations

    in certain culture, some emphasize or hide the ambiguity
  10. Masculine vs. Feminity
    emotional roles that are common in a particular cultural setting
  11. masculine
    competitiveness, assertiveness, materialism

    some culture might be more aggressive
  12. feminism
    focus on relationships & connecting w/ others
  13. Interpersonal Harmony
    confucianism & buddhism norms socialize the individual to be harmonious w/ nature

    emphasis placed on not disrupting the group harmony

    not good to confront/reject others
  14. face
    a person's set of socially sanctioned claims concerning one's social integrity

    roles that one carries out as a member & representative of a group
  15. What does face represent?
    the person's social position or prestige gained by performing one or more specific social roles that are well recognized by others

    the "approval" of others = meeting the standards appropriate for his/her roles secure face & preserves interpersonal harmony
  16. what kind of emphasis is associated with face?
    emphasis on face is associated w/ values of modesty & fitting in and not standing out from the group
  17. self effacing vs. self promoting
    minimizing one's own ability to make others feel okay


    • bragging about oneself
    • talking big to overcompensate what they are lacking
  18. Why is saving face important?
    retain integrity = retain face

    be modest = preserve inner personal harmony = more competent
  19. Accommodations vs. Mastery
    In American society, if something's wrong, the individual attempts to control it or master it

    In Asian societies, if something's wrong, the individual needs to accommodate or adapt to it
  20. differences in control orientation
    primary control = directly changing the circumstance

    secondary control = accommodation & acceptance
  21. What is the disadvantage of primary control?
    primary controllers disrupts interpersonal harmony
  22. What is the advantage of secondary control?
    minimize control

    preserves group's harmony
  23. direct vs. indirection emotional expression
    cultural differences in the language of emotion: how emotion is expressed
  24. What type of emotional expressions do AA use?
    indirect emotional expression through verbal means but by a sequence of physical gestures/actions

    ex. paying for children's wedding financial needs
  25. What type of emotional expressions do 1st generation rely on?
    direct emotional expressions that is more acculturated

    individuals tend to be more verbally oriented & less gesture orientated
Card Set:
ASA #3
2013-10-25 00:00:05
Worldview Cultural Values

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