PSY 466 Exam III

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blueclues
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242579
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PSY 466 Exam III
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2013-11-13 05:10:49
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Exam III
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CH 11,12,14,15
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  1. hCG
    After implanting into the endometrial layer, embryos begin to secrete ___.
  2. Blood
    ___ tests for pregnancy are very accurate and give almost immediate results.
  3. Home
    ___ pregnancy tests measure hormone levels (hCG).
  4. 5-6
    Difinitive clinical evidence of pregnancy obtained at ___-___ weeks by ultrasound.
  5. 93%, 20%
    Fertile couples who have sex w/o contraception several times a week: ___% chance of pregnancy in 1 year.

    ___% chance per month
  6. 33%
    If coitus takes place on the same day as ovulation, there is a ___% chance of pregnancy on that day.
  7. 5 days 

    cervical mucus, body temperature
    The fertile window surrounding ovulation is up to ___ days prior to ovulation.

    Can check ___ ___ or basal ___ ___.
  8. Cervical Mucus
    Mucus, the consistency of which varies around the menstrual cycle, secreted by glands in the cervix.
  9. Basal Body Temperature (BBT)
    body temperature measured in the morning before getting out of bed. Rises on the day after ovulation.
  10. 15%
    Subfertility and Infertility are common: about ___%
  11. - Undescended
    - Sex chromosome
    - Heating
    - Tight
    - Strenuous
    - Toxins
    Sub/Infertility in MEN can be caused by:

    • - ___ testes
    • - ___ ___ abnormalities
    • - ___ of testes (laptops)
    • - clothing that's too ___
    • - ___ exercise
    • - ___
  12. - Reproductive Tract
    - Ovulate
    Sub/Infertility in WOMEN can be caused by:

    • - Abnormalities of ___ ___
    • - Failure to ___
  13. Artificial Insemination
    an assisted reproduction technique that involves the placement of semen in the vagina or uterus with the aid of a syringe or small tube.
  14. In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
    any of a variety of assisted reproduction techniques in which fertilization takes place outside the body.
  15. Ectopic Pregnancy
    implantation of a fetus at a location other than the uterus
  16. 9 months and 1 week - 291 days

    3-8 days
    Pregnancy lasts for ___ M ___ W (___ D)

    Birth is usually ___-___ days longer than this.
  17. implants, uterine
    During the First Trimester, the embryo ___ in the ___ wall.
  18. - Breast
    - Urination
    - Sleeping
    During the First Trimester, women experience:

    • - ___ tenderness
    • - Frequent ___
    • - ___ difficulties
    • - Backaches
    • - Morning Sickness
    • - Fatigue
    • - Mood Swings
  19. Pregnancy Brain
    a woman's issues with memory during pregnancy
  20. Ectopic pregnancies
    ___ ___ are the leading cause of maternal death in the first trimester.
  21. 25-35
    The recommended amount of weight gain during pregnancy is ___-___lbs.
  22. Tobacco
    Possible consequences of ___ use during pregnancy:

    • - Spontaneous Abortion
    • - Premature Birth
    • - Low Birth Weight
    • - Addiction to ___ in the newborn
    • - Sudden Infant Death
  23. Vitamin A and D
    Excessive amounts of ___ and ___ during pregnancy can lead to Fetal Malformations
  24. Androgens and Estrogens
    Excessive amounts of ___ and ___ during pregnancy can lead to abnormalities of external genitalia and reproductive tract, especially in females.
  25. Street Drugs (Heroine, Methamphetamine, cocaine)
    Use of ___ ___ (___, ___, ___) during pregnancy can lead to:

    • - Spontaneous Abortion
    • - Low Birth Weight
    • - Respiratory Depression on newborn
    • - Addiction in newborn
  26. Marijuana
    Use of ___ during pregnancy can lead to a possible impairment of neuronal survival in the fetal brain.
  27. 13, amniocentesis
    The Second Trimester begins at ___ weeks.

    - Quickening fetal movements (felt by mother) begins

    - Ultrasound scans and ___ sampling can be performed
  28. Amniocentesis
    the sampling of the amniotic fluid for purposes of prenatal diagnosis
  29. Amniotic (fluid) Sac
    When a woman's "water breaks," it refers to the ___ ___.
  30. - Hormones
    - Head-Down

    (engagement)
    A fetus also prepares for birth:

    • - Secretes ___
    • - Moves into a ___-___ position deep in the pelvis (___)
  31. 3
    Labor happens in ___ stages.
  32. 1

    10cm/4in
    In Stage __ of Labor:

    - the cervix begins to thin out and open up (should dilate to about ___cm./___in.)
  33. Effacement
    thinning of the cervix in preparation for childbirth
  34. Dilation
    in childbirth, the expansion of the cervical canal
  35. Epidural
    infusion of morphine-like drug or local anesthetic into back
  36. Full Epidural
    Type of epidural which takes about 20 minutes - woman can't feel anything or move
  37. Walking Epidural
    Type of epidural where a woman is only slightly numbed and which takes about 2 minutes
  38. Second
    The ___ stage of labor may last a few minutes to several hours.  Involves passage of fetus through the birth canal.
  39. uterus

    -
    babies' heads are getting larger
    A cesarean section is a surgical incision in the mother's ___.

    It's become more common now that . . .
  40. delivery of the placenta ("afterbirth")
    Stage 3 of Labor is . . .
  41. Postpartum Depression
    sustained intense sadness, disordered thinking, and/or depressive psychosis
  42. 3 weeks
    Mother should wait ___ ___ to engage in sex after childbirth
  43. prolactin and oxytocin
    Lactation influenced by hormones ___ and ___.
  44. supports the infant's immune system

    energy and nutrients
    growth and development
    In the first 2 weeks after birth, breast milk (colostrum) composition initially . . .

    After, breast milk changes to provide ___ and ___ to promote ___ and ___.
  45. Colostrum
    the milk produced during the first few days after birth - more clear
  46. Water

    - Sugar- Fat- Proteins- Amino Acids- Vitamins
    Breast Milk is composed of:

    • - 90% ___ 
    • -
    • -
    • -
    • -
    • -
  47. - viral infections
    - medications
    Breast-feeding is advantageous for the health of baby and mother; but it also has several disadvantages:

    • - Pain and Infection in breasts
    • - Transmission of ___ ___ and ___ from mother to baby
  48. 44%
    Less than half of the births in the United States are planned ... only about ___%
  49. Ectopic pregnancy

    invection
    An IUD as birth control can lead to ___ pregnancy and ___ from the string that hangs out
  50. - at the end of the 19th century

    - the 1930s
    Rubber condoms became available ___; and latex became available in ___
  51. Diaphragms

    spermicidal
    ___ cover the cervix.

    Early ones were natural objects (i.e. lemons).  The acidity had some ___ action.
  52. Margaret Sanger
    Feminists such as ___ ___ campaigned to legalize contraception in the U.S.
  53. animal intestines

    blowing into them
    Early condoms were made of ___ ___; and were so expensive they were often reused. They were tested for holes by ___.
  54. 15%
    ___% of pregnancies in the US are spontaneous abortions
  55. 22%
    ___% of pregnancies in the US become induced abortions
  56. 19%
    ___% of births in the US are unwanted or mistimed
  57. sperm

    cervix
    Barrier methods such as condoms, diaphragms, and cervical caps block ___ from the ___.

    Spermicide + barrier = Good

    Spermicide Alone = Bad
  58. pregnancy

    STDs
    Although highly effective at preventing ___, hormonal methods do not offer protection against ___.
  59. estrogen/progestin

    progestin
    Contraceptive pills contain either a combination of ___ and ___, or ___ alone
  60. FSH and LH

    pituitary

    follicle
    The hormones in contraceptive pills inhibit the secretion of ___ and ___ from the ___, blocking ___maturation and ovulation.
  61. endometrial proliferation

    cervical mucus
    The effects of contraceptive pills on the uterus include reduced ___ ___ and secretion of thick ___ ___.
  62. menstrual periods
    Continuous use of combination contraceptive pills eliminates ___ ___
  63. Progestin-Only/ greater

    Ovulation

    cervical mucus
    ___-___ pills have fewer side effects than combination pills, and require ___ care in use.

    - Usually does not stop ___ for most women

    - makes ___ ___ hostile for sperm
  64. Depo-Provera

    Transdermal patches

    Vaginal Rings

    Implants
    ___ ___ is administered by injection and lasts 3 months

    ___ ___ contain an estrogen and a progestin and last a week

    ___ ___ release estrogen and progestin and lasts 3 weeks

    ___ release progestins and are extremely reliable, but expensive ... also must be inserted and removed by a prefessional
  65. Fertile Window
    the 6-day period leading up to and including the day of ovulation
  66. calendar rhythm

    cervical mucus

    sympto-thermal method
    Fertile windows can be assessed via

    • -
    • -
    • -
  67. Sympto-thermal Method

    Drops
    Rises
    0.22
    0.4
    a rhythm method of contraception that uses the measurement of basal body temperature and the testing of cervical mucus to determine the time of ovulation and the fertile window

    - on the day of ovulation, temperature ___ slightly

    - on the day after ovulation, temperature ___ abruptly by at least ___ degrees C (___ degrees F)

    - unprotected sex can resume 2-3 days after
  68. 16 days
    The abstinence period during behavioral methods of contraception can be as long as ___ days per month for women with irregular menstrual cycles.
  69. 60-90%
    Emergency contraception, taken up to 5 days after coitus, reduces the likelihood of pregnancy by ___-___%
  70. progestin
    The ___ in plan B prevents ovulation and may also disrupt sperm transport, fertilization, and/or implantation
  71. 10 days
    IUD insertion up to ___ days after coitus prevents implantation
  72. Sterilization
    surgical methods to prevent sperm from reaching ova
  73. Tubal Ligation
    female sterilization by tying off the oviducts
  74. Vas Deferens is cut and tied on both sides
    In a vasectomy, the ___

    - it's safer, cheaper, and simpler than tubal ligation
  75. 72%
    About ___% of all sterilization procedures are performed on women
  76. Vacuum Aspiration
    the conceptus is destroyed and removed by suction

    - preferred surgical method of abortion in first trimester

    - accounts for great majority of abortions in the US
  77. Dilation and Evacuation (D&E)
    involves the opening of the cervix and scraping out the contents of the uterus using a curette (spoon-like instrument)

    surgical method of abortion in second trimester
  78. 2%

    3%
    approximately ___% of women and ___% of men categorize themselves as exclusively/mostly heterosexual
  79. Freud
    Believed that homosexuality resulted from the disruption of "normal" psychosexual development (i.e. parental influence)
  80. Social Constructionist Theory
    Sexual orientation has been attributed to socialization and early sexual experiences
  81. androgen exposure
    Early ___ exposure may predispose an individual to become lesbian
  82. heterosexual

    homosexual
    Gynephile - associated with ___ men and ___ women
  83. homosexual

    heterosexual
    Androphile - associated with ___ men and ___ women
  84. INAH3
    • cell group region of the medial preoptic area
    • found in the front of the hypothalamus; and is linked with homosexuality

    (typically larger in males than in females)
  85. 1973 in the DSMII
    Homosexuality was classified as a disorder in the DSM by early sexologists but was declassified in ___ in the DSM ___
  86. gender inverts
    Historically, homosexuals were thought of as ___ ___

    • - men want to be women
    • - women want to be men
  87. Magnus Hirschfeld
    a gay Jewish doctor and sexologist - Germany 1897

    - main figure behind Scientific-Humanitarian Committee
  88. 1969 New York City
    Stonewall Inn - the Stonewall Riot happened in ___
  89. Harvey Milk
    First openly gay man to be elected to city Government in the United States - 1977
  90. 90%

    206k
    In 1980s, AIDs considered a gay disease - over ___% "gay" men had the disease.

    About ___ thousand died from AIDs by 2006
  91. come out of the closet and involve themselves in LGBT movement
    The AIDs epidemic caused many homo- and bi-sexuals to
  92. 30%

    73%
    1983 - ___% of American "know" a gay person

    2000 - ___%
  93. Physical

    emotional
    Gay people state ___ pleasure and ___ intimacy are the main reasons for sex
  94. 33%

    20%
    ___ % of lesbian couples and ___% of gay couples have at least one child
  95. Autogynephilia
    a form of male to female transexuality characterized by a man's sexual arousal at the thought of being or becoming a woman
  96. Fetishism
    sexual arousal by objects, materials, or parts of the body
  97. Partialism
    fetishistic attraction to specific parts of the body
  98. Voyeurism
    a paraphilia involving spying on persons while they are undressing, naked , or engaged in sex

    - "peeping tom"
  99. 18.5%
    A tendency to develop a paraphilia may be inherited ...

    about ___% have a parent with a paraphilia
  100. frontal lobe
    Paraphiliacs have deficiencies in their ___ ___ anatomy compared to controls
  101. frontal lobes

    temporal lobes

    Alzheimer's Disease
    Previously "normal" people can develop abnormal sexual desires after brain damage - especially in the ___ ___

    - also including the ___ ___ or from ___ ___
  102. hypersensitivity

    obsessive-compulsive disorder
    Traits such as ___ or ___ may make the development of paraphilias more likely
  103. Relapse Prevention Theory
    Psychotherapeutic approaches are aimed at preventing repeat offenses
  104. Voyeurism

    Exhibitionism

    Tactile Interaction

    Paraphilic Rape
    Paraphilic Courting "procedure"
  105. androgen receptor

    testosterone
    Depo-Provera, Lupron, and ___ ___ antagonists are prescribed either to lower ___ levels or to block ___ all together
  106. SSRI (selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitors)
    ___ are used in the treatment of depression and to reduce/eliminate paraphilic desires and behaviors
  107. androgens
    Surgical Castration to remove a man's main source of ___ is a treatment of last resort.

    Relatively effective - only 1-7% of multiple offense offenders will recidivate after surgery

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