peds 2.21.17a

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Author:
lrnino
ID:
242587
Filename:
peds 2.21.17a
Updated:
2013-10-26 19:51:41
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17 ati
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Description:
infectious resp. illness.
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  1. what does the tx for viral tonsillitis?
    • rest
    • cool fluids
    • warm salt gargles
  2. what is amoxcillin?
    antibiotic
  3. what med is usually given to drop fever and pain in a child with tonsillitis?
    acetaminophen.
  4. you assess a child that has tachycardia and restlessness. he just had his tonsils taken out. why is he like that?
    bleeding at surgical site.
  5. mom asks when should be a time to call the HCP after they go home from tonsillectomy?
    • when you see bright, red blood
    • difficulty breathing
    • doesn't want to eat
    • increase in pain
    • signs of infection
  6. what is the BP of a child in the late stages of shock?

    A) hypertensive
    B) hypotensive
    B) hypetensive
  7. what is the pulse of a child that may have a hemorrhage?

    A) tachycardia
    B) bradycardia
    A) tachycardia
  8. infants b/w _ and _ months of age are at an increased risk d/t decrease of maternal antibodies acquired at birth and lack of antibody protection.
    3, 6
  9. viral infections are more common in ____ and ____.
    toddlers and preschoolers.
  10. what is nasopharyngitis? how long does it last?
    common cold. self limiting virus. 7-10 days.
  11. what is pharyngitis? caused by what? what does it look like?
    • strep. GABHS.
    • inflamed throat.
    • pain when swallowing.
    • cervical lymphadenopathy
    • rash
  12. what is bacterial tracheitis? what does it look like?
    • infection of the lining of the trachea.
    • thick, purulent drainage that can block airway.
  13. what is bronchitis? what does it look like?
    URI with inflammation of airways. guy has persistent cough d/t inflammation
  14. what is bronchiolitis? what does it looks like?
    • mostly caused by RSV. affects the bronchi and bronchioles. guy has:
    • pharyngitis
    • coughing that progresses into wheezing, breathing fast, nasal flaring, retractions, cyanosis.
  15. how is epi used in resp therapy?
    vasocontriction of submucosa and decrease edema.
  16. what is a corticosteroid used for in resp. therapy?
    decrease inflammation.
  17. what type of drug is Decadron of Rhinocort? what is a nursing consideration concerning these types of drugs?
    rinse mouth. don't want thrush.
  18. a child with epiglottitis will have trouble talking, swallowing and will drool. also will have a ___ fever and will they have a cough?
    high fever. no cough.

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