review midterm

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Author:
Renicheal
ID:
242619
Filename:
review midterm
Updated:
2013-10-24 11:35:06
Tags:
med term
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Description:
broke down midterm review
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  1. What are the 4 medical word elements?
    • word root
    • combining form
    • suffix
    • prefix
  2. A word root is
    the foundation of a medical term and contains its primary meaning
  3. 4 things that greek roots describe
    • disease
    • condition
    • treatment
    • diagnosis
  4. latin roots describe
    anatomical structure
  5. Combinging form is
    • when a word root is combined with a vowel
    • Usually and "o" or "I"
  6. Suffix is
    a word element placed at the end of the word
  7. Suffix usually describes 5 different things
    • a pathology (disease or abnormality)
    • symptom
    • surgical
    • diagnostic
    • part of speech
  8. Prefix is
    • attached at the beginning of a word
    • (not in all medical terms)
  9. 5 things a prefix usually indicates
    • number
    • time
    • position
    • direction
    • negation
  10. 3 steps to define medical word
    • 1. define suffix
    • 2.define first part
    • 3. define middle parts
  11. -Centesis
    Surgical Puncture
  12. -Clasis
    To Break; Surgical Fracture
  13. -desis
    Binding, fixation (Of a bone or joint)
  14. -Ectomy
    Surgical Removal, Excision
  15. -Lysis
    Seperation, destruction; loosening
  16. -pexy
    Fixation (of an organ)
  17. -plasty
    Surgical Repair
  18. -rraphy
    Suture
  19. -Stomy
    Forming an artificial Opening
  20. -tome
    Instrument to cut
  21. -tomy
    Incision
  22. -tripsy
    Crushing
  23. -gram
    Record, writing
  24. -graph
    Instrument for recording
  25. -graphy
    Process of Recording
  26. -meter
    Instrument for measuring
  27. -metry
    Act of measuring
  28. -scope
    instrument for examining
  29. -scopy
    Visual examination
  30. -algia
    pain
  31. -dynia
    pain
  32. -cele
    hernia; swelling
  33. -ectasis
    dilation, expansion
  34. -edema
    swelling
  35. -emesis
    vomiting
  36. -emia
    blood condition
  37. -gen
    forming, producing, origin
  38. -genesis
    forming, producing, origin
  39. -iasis
    abnormal condition (produced by something specific)
  40. -Itis
    inflammation
  41. -lith
    stone, calculus
  42. -malacia
    softening
  43. -megaly
    enlargement
  44. -oma
    tumor
  45. -osis
    abnormal condition; increase (used primary with blood cells)
  46. -pathy
    disease
  47. -penia
    decrease, deficiency
  48. -phagia
    eating, swallowing
  49. -phasia
    speech
  50. -phobia
    fear
  51. -plasia
    formation, growth
  52. -plasm
    formation, growth
  53. -plegia
    paralysis
  54. -ptosis
    prolapse, downward displacement (drooping)
  55. -rrhagia
    Bursting forth
  56. -rrhage
    Bursting forth
  57. -rrhea
    flow or discharge
  58. -rrhexis
    rupture
  59. -schlerosis
    abnormal condition of hardening
  60. -spasm
    twitching
  61. -stenosis
    narrowing
  62. -toxic
    poison
  63. -trophy
    nourishment, development
  64. -ac
    pertaining to
  65. -al
    pertaining to
  66. -ar
    pertaining to
  67. -ary
    pertaining to
  68. -eal
    pertaining to

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