midterm review 4

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Author:
Renicheal
ID:
242622
Filename:
midterm review 4
Updated:
2013-10-24 11:39:26
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med term
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midterm review broke down
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  1. rhabdomy/o
    rod shaped muscle
  2. chondr/o
    cartilage
  3. fasci/o
    band, fascia (fibrous membrane)
  4. fibr/o
    fiber, fibrous tissue
  5. synov/o
    synovial, membrane, synovial fluid
  6. ten/o
    tendon
  7. tend/o
    tendon
  8. tendin/o
    tendon
  9. -asthesnia
    weakness, debility
  10. -blast
    embroyonic cell
  11. -clasia
    to break; Surgical fracture
  12. -clast
    to break; surgical fracture
  13. -desis
    binding, fixation (of a bone or joint)
  14. -malacia
    softening
  15. -physis
    growth
  16. -porosis
    porous
  17. -sarcoma
    malignant tumor of connective tissue
  18. -scopy
    visual examination
  19. a-
    without, not (before consonant)
  20. dys-
    bad, painful, difficult
  21. sub-
    under, below
  22. supra-
    above, excessive, superior
  23. syn-
    union, together, joined
  24. adip/o
    fat
  25. lip/o
    fat
  26. steat/o
    fat
  27. cutane/o
    skin
  28. dermat/o
    skin
  29. derm/o
    skin
  30. hidr/o
    sweat
  31. sudor/o
    sweat
  32. ichthy/o
    dry, scaly
  33. kerat/o
    horny tissue, hard; cornea
  34. melan/o
    black
  35. myc/o
    fungus
  36. onych/o
    nail
  37. ungu/o
    nail
  38. pil/o
    hair
  39. trich/o
    hair
  40. scler/o
    hardenig; scera (white of eye)
  41. seb/o
    sebum, sebaceous
  42. xen/o
    foreign, strange
  43. xer/o
    dry
  44. -cyte
    cell
  45. -derma
    skin
  46. -logist
    specialist
  47. -logy
    study of
  48. -therapy
    treatment
  49. an-
    without, not
  50. dia-
    through, across
  51. epi-
    above, upon
  52. hyper-
    excessive, above normal
  53. sub-
    under, below
  54. macule
    • flat lesion
    • pigmented
    • circumferenced area less then 1cm
    • examples- freckle, flat mole
  55. papule
    • elevated
    • less then 1 cm
    • may be same color as skin, or pigmented
    • exampes- wart, pimple, psoriasis
  56. vesicle
    • elevated
    • fluid filled
    • less then 0.5cm
    • examples- shingles, chicken pox
  57. nodule
    • palpable
    • circumscribed lesion
    • larger and deeper then papule (0.6cm-2cm)
    • extends into derma area
    • examples - benign or malgnant tumor
  58. pustule
    • small, raised, cirumscribed
    • fluid filled
    • contains pus
    • less then 1cm
    • examples - acne, scabies
  59. tumor
    • solid, elevated
    • larger then 2cm
    • extends into dermal and subcutaneos layers
    • example- lipoma
  60. bulla
    • fluid filled
    • a vesicle or blister larger then 1cm
    • examples- second degree burns
  61. wheal
    • elevated
    • firm, rounded, varies in size, shape and color
    • solid
    • accompanied by itching
    • examples- hives, bites
  62. exoriations
    • linear scratch marks, or traumatized scratch marks
    • examples- scratchs, chemical or thermal burns
  63. fissure
    • small slit or crack like sore that extends into dermal layer.
    • caused by continuous inflammation or drying
  64. ulcer
    • open sore or lesion that extends to dermis, heals with scarring
    • example - pressure sore, basal cell carcinoma
  65. 3 secondary lesions
    • excoriations
    • fissure
    • ulcer
  66. 8 primary lesions
    • macule
    • papule
    • nodule
    • tumor
    • wheal
    • vesicle
    • pustule
    • bulla
  67. 3 fluid filled lesions
    • vesicle
    • pustule
    • bulla
  68. 4 solid lesions
    • papule
    • nodule
    • tumor
    • wheal
  69. hives
    wheal
  70. lipoma
    tumor
  71. benign or malignant tumor
    nodule
  72. wart, pimple
    papule
  73. chicken pox
    vesicle
  74. acne
    pustule
  75. second degree burns
    bulla
  76. freckle
    macule
  77. 7 elevated lesions
    • papule
    • nodule
    • tumor
    • wheal
    • vesicle
    • pustule
    • bulla
  78. 3 depressed lesions (loss of skin)
    • excoriations
    • fissure
    • ulcer
  79. scatches
    excorations
  80. bed/pressure sore
    ulcer
  81. hard palate
    anterior portion
  82. soft palate
    posterior portion
  83. or/o
    mouth
  84. stomat/o
    mouth
  85. gloss/o
    tongue
  86. lingu/o
    tongue
  87. bucc/o
    cheek
  88. cheil/o
    lip
  89. labi/o
    lip
  90. dent/o
    teeth
  91. odont/o
    teeth
  92. gingiv/o
    gums
  93. sial/o
    saliva, salivary gland
  94. esophagi/o
    esophagus
  95. pharyng/o
    pharynx
  96. gastr/o
    stomach
  97. pylor/o
    pylorus
  98. duoden/o
    duodenum (first part of small intestine)
  99. enter/o
    small intestine
  100. jejun/o
    jejunum (second part of small intestine)
  101. ile/o
    ileum (last part of small intestine)
  102. append/o
    appendix
  103. appendic/o
    appendix
  104. col/o
    colon
  105. colon/o
    colon
  106. sigmoid/o
    sigmoid colon
  107. rect/o
    rectum
  108. proct/o
    anus, rectum
  109. ascites
    abnormal accymulation of fluid in abdominal cavities
  110. cachexia
    state of ill health, malnutrition, and wasting
  111. cirrhosis
    yellowing of skin due to liver disease
  112. crohn disease
    form of inflammatory bowel disease, usually of ileum
  113. fecalith
    fecal concretion

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