MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

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Author:
jrhodes828
ID:
242626
Filename:
MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
Updated:
2013-10-24 12:20:43
Tags:
ROOT WORDS MUSCULOSKELETAL
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Description:
MED TERMS: ROOT, MUSCULOSKELETAL
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  1. Root: adeno
    • Gland
    • Root Pronunciation: ah +dee+ no
    • Medical Term: adenoma (gland tumor)
    • Origin: Greek (aden)
    • Everyday Usage: adenoids
  2. Root: calculi
    • Stone
    • Root Pronunciation: cal + cue + lie
    • Medical Term: calculosis (stones)
    • Origin: Latin (calculi; meaning pebble)
    • Everyday Usage: calculator
  3. Root: cele
    • Tumor, Cyst; Hernia
    • Root Pronunciation: sell
    • Medical Term: hydrocele (water cyst, tumor)
    • Origin: Greek (kele; tumor, swelling)
    • Everyday Usage: celestial (heavenly)
  4. Root: cyto
    • Cell
    • Root Pronunciation: sigh + toe
    • Medical Term: cytology (cells, study of)
    • Origin: Greek (kytos; cell)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  5. Root: glyco
    • Sweet, Sugar
    • Root Pronunciation: gl + eye + co
    • Medical Term: glycosuria (sugar in the urine)
    • Origin: Greek (glyks)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  6. Root: Homeo, Homo
    • Similar, Same, Like
    • Root Pronunciation: hoe + me + oh
    • Medical Term: homeostasis (same environment)
    • Origin: Greek (hemores; similar)
    • Everyday Usage: homogenize
  7. Root: lingua
    • Tongue
    • Root Pronunciation: ling + wha
    • Medical Term: linguiform (tongue-shaped)
    • Origin: Latin (linguae; tonguelike)
    • Everyday Usage: linguistic
  8. Root: lip
    • Fat
    • Root Pronunciation: lip
    • Medical Term: lipoma (fat tumor)
    • Origin: Greek (lipos; fat)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  9. Root: lith
    • Stone
    • Root Pronunciation: lith as in fifth
    • Medical Term: lithotripsy (stone dissolve)
    • Origin: Greek (lithos; stone)
    • Everyday Usage: monolith
  10. Root: madaro
    • Falling Hair
    • Root Pronunciation: ma + dare + oh
    • Medical Term: madarosis (loss of eyelashes or eyebrows)
    • Origin: Greek (falling)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  11. Root: psych
    • Mind
    • Root Pronunciation: sike
    • Medical Term: psycho (mind; study of psychology; mental processes)
    • Origin: Greek (psyche; mind)
    • Everyday Usage: psycho
  12. Root: pyo
    • Pus
    • Root Pronunciation: pie + oh
    • Medical Term: pyogenic (pus producing)
    • Origin: Greek (pyon; pus)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  13. Root: radi
    • Rays
    • Root Pronunciation: ray + dee
    • Medical Term: radiology (rays, study of)
    • Origin: Latin (radius; rays)
    • Everyday Usage: radiation
  14. Root: thermic
    • Heat
    • Root Pronunciation: ther + mick
    • Medical Term: thermobiosis (exists at high temperature)
    • Origin: Greek (therme; heat)
    • Everyday Usage: thermostat
  15. Root: arthro
    • Joint
    • Root Pronunciation: are + throw
    • Medical Term: arthritis (joint inflammation) Origin: Greek (arthron; joint)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  16. Root: carpo
    • Wrist
    • Root Pronunciation: car + poe
    • Medical Term: carpoptosis (wrist dropping)
    • Origin: Greek (karpos; wrist bones)
    • Everyday Usage: carpenter
  17. Root: chondro
    • Cartilage
    • Root Pronunciation: con + droh
    • Medical Term: chondromalacia (cartilage, soft)
    • Origin: Greek (chondros; cartilage)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  18. Root: costa
    • Rib
    • Root Pronunciation: cost + uh
    • Medical Term: intercostal (between ribs)
    • Origin: Latin (costae; rib)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  19. Root: cranio
    • Skull
    • Root Pronunciation: crane +knee + oh
    • Medical Term: craniotomy (skull incision)
    • Origin: Greek (kranion)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  20. Root: dactyl
    • Finger
    • Root Pronunciation: dact + till
    • Medical Term: dactylitis (finger inflammation)
    • Origin: Greek (daktylos; finger)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  21. Root: ili
    • Hip
    • Root Pronunciation: ill + lee
    • Medical Term: iliosacral (ilium and sacrum)
    • Origin: Latin (ilium; flank)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  22. Root: manus
    • Hand
    • Root Pronunciation: man + us
    • Medical Term: manicure (hand care)
    • Origin: Latin (manus; hand)
    • Everyday Usage: manual
  23. Root: myel
    • bone marrow
    • Root Pronunciation: my + el
    • Medical Term: myeloma (marrow tumor)
    • Origin: Greek (myelos; marrow)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  24. Root: myo
    • muscle
    • Root Pronunciation: my + oh
    • Medical Term: myoedema (muscle swelling)
    • Origin: Greek (mys; muscle)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  25. Root: ortho
    • straighten
    • Root Pronunciation: or + thoh
    • Medical Term: orthopedic (concerning deformities)
    • Origin: Greek (orthos; straight)
    • Everyday Usage: Orthodox
  26. Root: osteo
    • bone
    • Root Pronunciation: ah + stee + oh
    • Medical Term: osteoplast (bone surgery)
    • Origin: Greek (osteon; bone)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A
  27. Root: pedi
    • foot
    • Root Pronunciation: pee + dee
    • Medical Term: pedicure (foot care)
    • Origin: Latin (pes; foot)
    • Everyday Usage: pedal
  28. Root: spondyl
    • vertebra
    • Root Pronunciation: spawn + dill
    • Medical Term: spondylitis (vertebrae inflammation)
    • Origin: Greek (spondylos; vertebra)
    • Everyday Usage: N/A

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