Kinesiology Chapter 21

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Losdigity72
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242633
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Kinesiology Chapter 21
Updated:
2013-10-24 12:58:55
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Posture
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Posture
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  1. What is postural sway
    anterior and posterior motion in standing
  2. At birth all curves of the spine are concave or convex?
    Concave
  3. What type of curve do the thoracic spine and sacrum have and what direction does curve
    Concave, anteriorly
  4. What type of curve do the cervical and lumbar spine have and what direction does it curve
    convex, anteriorly
  5. Does anterior pelvic tilt increase or decrease lordosis in the lumbar spine and what osteokinematic motion does it cause of the spine?
    Increase and extension
  6. Flexion of the lumbar spine will tilt the pelvis anteriorly or posteriorly, and will it increase or decrease lordosis?
    posteriorly and decrease lordosis
  7. If the pelvis is tilted laterally it will cause a force couple between what muscles
    opposite erector spinae, quadratus lumborum and gluteus maximus
  8. Increased flexion of the spine will increase pressure on what portion of the spine, and decrease pressure on portion of the vertebrea
    increas vertebral disk pressure and decrease facet joint pressure
  9. What are the plum points for standing  posture from a lateral view?
    Bisecting auditory meatus, acromion, midline of trunk, bisecting greater trochanter, slightly anterior of midline of the knee and later malleolus
  10. Extension will decrease pressure on what portion of the spine and increase it on what other?
    Decrease intervertebral disk and increase facet pressure
  11. What is forward head
    the mastoid process is anterior of C7
  12. Is scoliosis is named for the convex or concave side
    Convex
  13. Flexion of the spine causes what of the spine
    Kyphosis
  14. Extension of the of the spine causes what in the spine
    Lordosis
  15. What is recurvatum
    knee hyperextension
  16. Pronantion of the foot is also known as
    flatfoot
  17. Supination of the foot is also known as
    high arch
  18. If the distal tibia is more lateral then the proximal, what would this diagnosis be
    Genu valgum
  19. What is the difference between true and apparent leg length
    True leg length is measured from ASIS to laterlal malleolus, whereas apparent is from the umbilicus to medial malleolus
  20. What can you do to improve comfort for a patient with LBP who is lying in supine, side-lying and prone
    • Supine patient - place pillow behind knees
    • Side-lying patient - place pillow between knees
    • Prone - place pillow anterior of pelvis
  21. Postural sway is corrected with small movements at what joint
    Talocrural (ankle)
  22. What muscle is in constant and passive tension to correct postural sway
    Soleus
  23. A neutral pelvis is best described as
    • ASIS and PSIS are nearly level/equal in transverse plane (7-15)
    • ASIS and pubic symphysis are level/equal in the frontal plane
  24. What are the three positions for static posture
    Standing, sitting and lying supine/prone

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