245

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jmcbryan
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242699
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245
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2013-10-24 20:30:22
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3rd quiz in 245
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  1. darkened area surrounding nipple
    Areola
  2. smallest structures of mammary glands
    Alveoli
  3. thin yellow fluid precursor of milk secreted for a few days after birth
    Colostrum
  4. suspensory ligaments fibrous bands extending from the inner breast surface to the chest wall muscles
    Coopers ligaments
  5. benign breast mass
    Fibroadenoma
  6. Excessive breast development in the male
    Gynecomastia
  7. serosanguineous nipple discharge
    Intraductal papilloma
  8. nipples that are depressed or invaginated
    Inverted
  9. conveying milk
    lactiferous
  10. pain in breast
    Mastalgia
  11. inflammation of the breast
    Mastitis
  12. sebaceous glands in the areola secrete protective lipid during lactation also called tubercles of Montgomery
    Montgomery's glands
  13. intraductal carcinoma in the breast
    Paget's disease
  14. orange-peel appearance of breast due to edema
    Peau d'orange
  15. dimple or pucker of the skin
    Retraction
  16. atrophic pink purple or whit linear streaks on the breasts associated with pregnancy excessive weight gain or rapid growth during adolescence
    Striae
  17. minute extra nipple along the embryonic milk line
    Supernumerary nipple
  18. extension of breast tissue into the axilla
    Tail of Spence
  19. functional units of the lung the thin walled chambers surrounded by networks of capillaries that are the site of respiratory exchange of carbon dioxide and oxygen
    Alveoli
  20. manubriosternal angle the articulation of the manubrium and body of the sternum continuous with the second rib
    Angle of Louis
  21. cessation of breathing
    Apnea
  22. an abnormal respiratory condition associated with allergic hypersensitivity to certain inhaled allergens characterized by bronchospasm wheezong and dyspnea
    Asthma
  23. an abnormal respiratory condition characterized by collapsed shrunken deflated section of alveoli
    Atelectasis
  24. slow breathing <10 breaths per minute regular rate
    Bradypnea
  25. one of the smaller respiratory passageways into which the segmental bronchi divide
    Bronchiole
  26. inflammation of the bronchi with partial obstructon of bronchi due to excessive mucus secretion
    Bronchitis
  27. the spoken voice sound heard through the stethoscope which sounds soft muffled and indistinct over normal lung tissue
    Bronchophony
  28. the normal breath sound heard over major bronchi characterized by moderate pitch and an equal duration of inspiration and expiration
    Bronchovesicular
  29. a functional category of abnormal respiratory conditions characterized by airflow obstruction
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  30. millions of hairlike cells lining the tracheobronchial tree
    cilia
  31. the solidification of portions of lung tissue as it fills up with infectious exudate as in pneumonia
    Consolidation
  32. abnormal discontinuous adventitious lung sounds heard on inspiration
    Crackles
  33. Coarse crackling sensation palpable over the skin when air abnormally escapes from the lung and enters the subcutaneous tissue
    Crepitus
  34. passageways that transport air but are not available for gaseous exchange
    dead space
  35. difficult labored breathing
    Dyspnea
  36. the voice sound of "eeeee" heard through the stethoscope
    Egophony
  37. the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by enlargement of alveoli distal to terminal bronchioles
    Emphysema
  38. the narrow crack dividing the lobes of the lungs
    Fissure
  39. a palpable vibration from the spoken voice felt over the chest wall
    Fremitus
  40. a coarse grating adventitious lung sound heard when the pleurae are inflamed
    Friction rub
  41. (hypercarbia) increased levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
    Hypercapnia
  42. increased rate and depth of breathing
    Hyperventilation
  43. decreased level of oxygen in the blood
    Hypoxemia
  44. space between the ribs
    Intercostal space
  45. a type of hyperventilation that occurs with diabetic ketoacidosis
    Kussmaul respiration
  46. ability to breathe easily only in an upright position
    Orthopnea
  47. sudden awakening from sleeping with shortness of breath
    Paroxysmal nocturnal
  48. striking over the chest wall with short sharp blows of the fingers
    percussion
  49. abnormal fluid between the layers of the pleura
    Pleural effusion
  50. low pitched musical snoring adventitious lung sound caused by airflow obstruction from secretions
    Rhonchi
  51. rapid shallow breathing >24 breaths per minute
    Tachypnea
  52. the soft low-pitched normal breath sounds heard over peripheral lung fields
    Vesicular
  53. the amount of air following maximal inspiration that can be exhaled
    Vital capacity
  54. high pitched musical squeaking adventitious lung sound
    Wheeze
  55. a whispered phrase heard through the stethoscope that sounds faint and inaudible over normal lung tissue
    Whispered pectoriloquy
  56. sword shaped lower tip of the sternum
    Xiphoid process
  57. defect or sac formed by dilation in artery wall due to atherosclerosis trauma or congenital defect
    Aneurysm
  58. loss of appetite for food
    Anorexia
  59. abnormal accumulation of serous fluid within the peritoneal cavity associated with congestive heart failure cirrhosis cancer or portal hypertension
    Ascites
  60. loud gurgling bowel sounds signaling increased motility or hypertension occurs with early bowel obstruction gastroenteritis diarrhea
    Borborygmi
  61. blowing swooshing sound heard through a stethoscope when an artery is partially occluded
    Bruit
  62. first or proximal part of large intestine
    Cecum
  63. inflammation of the gallbladder
    Cholecystitis
  64. lower boarder of rib margin formed by the medial edges of the 8th,9th, and 10th ribs
    Costal margin
  65. angle formed by the 12th rib and the vertebral column on the posterior thorax overlying the kidney
    Costovertebral angle (CVA)
  66. midline longitudinal ridge in the abdomen a separation of abdominal rectus muscles
    Diastasis recti
  67. difficulty swallowing
    Dysphagia
  68. name of abdominal region between the costal margins
    Epigastrium
  69. abnormal enlargement of liver
    Hepatomegaly
  70. abnormal protrusion of bowel through weakening in abdominal musculature
    Hernia
  71. ligament extending from pubic bone to anterior superior iliac spine forming lower border of abdomen
    Inguinal ligament
  72. midline tendinous seam joining the abdominal muscles
    linea alba
  73. complete absence of peristaltic movement that may follow abdominal surgery or complete bowel obstruction
    Paralytic ileus
  74. rough grating sound heard through the stethoscope over the site of peritoneal inflammation
    Peritoneal friction rub
  75. inflammation of peritoneum
    peritonitis
  76. congenital narrowing of pyloric sphincter forming outflow obstruction of stomach
    Pyloric stenosis
  77. (heartburn) burning sensation in upper abdomen due to reflux of gastric acid
    Pyrosis
  78. midline abdominal muscles extending from rib cage to pubic bone
    Rectus abdominis muscles
  79. abnormally sunken abdominal wall as with malnutrition or underweight
    Scaphoid
  80. abnormal enlargement of spleen
    Splenomegaly
  81. (lineae albicantes) silvery white or pink scar tissue formed by stretching of abdominal skin as with pregnancy or obesity
    Striae
  82. name of abdominal region just superior to pubic bone
    Suprapubic
  83. high-pitched musical drumlike percussion note heard when percussing over the stomach and intestine
    Tympany
  84. depression on the abdomen marking site of entry of umbilical cord
    Umbilicus
  85. internal organs
    Viscera
  86. moving a body part away from an axis or the median line
    Abduction
  87. moving a body part toward the center or toward the median line
    Adduction
  88. immobility consolidation and fixation of a joint because of disease injury or surgery most often due to chronic rheumatoid arthritis
    Ankylosis
  89. inability to perform coordinated movements
    Ataxia
  90. enclosed sac filled with viscous fluid located in joint areas of potential friction
    Bursa
  91. moving the arm in a circle around the shoulder
    Circumduction
  92. dry crackling sound or sensation due to grating of the ends of damaged bone
    Crepitation
  93. directed toward or located on the surface
    Dorsal
  94. flexion contracture of the fingers due to chronic hyperplasia of the palmar fascia
    Dupuytren contracture
  95. moving the sole of the foot outward at the ankle
    Enversion
  96. straightenting a limb at a joint
    Extension
  97. bending a limb at the joint
    Flexion
  98. round cystic nontender nodule overlying a tendon sheath or joint capsule usually on dorsum of wrist
    Ganglion
  99. lateral or outward deviation of the great toe
    Hallux valgus
  100. moving the sole of the foot inward at the ankle
    inversion
  101. outward or convex curvature of the thoracic spine: hunchback
    Kyphosis
  102. fibrous band running directly from one bone to another bone that strengthens the joint
    ligament
  103. inward or concave curvature of the lumbar spine
    Lordosis
  104. center of the intervertebral disk
    Nucleus pulposus
  105. bony projection of the ulna at the elbow
    Olecranon process
  106. Kneecap
    Patella
  107. surface of the sole of the foot
    Plantar
  108. turning the forearm so that the palm is down
    Pronation
  109. moving a body part forward and parallel to the ground
    Protraction
  110. Extent of movement of a joint
    Range of motion (ROM)
  111. moving a body part backward and parallel to the ground
    Retraction
  112. chronic systemic inflammatory disease of joints and surrounding connective tissue
    Rheumatoid arthritis
  113. nerve pain along the course of the sciatic nerve that travels down from the back or thigh through the leg and into the foot
    Sciatica
  114. S-shaped curvature of the thoracic spine
    Scoliosis
  115. turning the forearm so that the palm is up
    Supination
  116. (clubfoot) Congenital deformity of the foot in which it is plantar flexed and inverted
    Talipes equinovarus
  117. strong fibrous cord that attaches a skeletal muscle to a bone
    Tendon
  118. (wryneck) contraction of the cervical neck muscles producing torsion of the neck
    Torticollis

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