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what is the trivial name for CH2X2?
- CH2Cl2 is methylene chloride
What is the trivial name for CHX3?
what is the trivial name for CX4?
CCl4 is carbon tetrachloride
What are some uses of alkyl halides?
solvents, reagents for synthesis of other compounds, anesthetics, freons, chlorofluorocarbons, and pesticides
Alkyl fluorides and chlorides are ___ dense than water
alkyl dichlorides, bromides, and iodides are ___ dense than water
Is free radical halogenation good for lab synthesis?
no, it produces mixtures. Unless: all H's are equivalent or halogenation is highly selective
what is free radical allylic halogenation?
it produces alkyl halide with a double bond on the neighboring
allylic radical is ____ stabilized
What steps must one follow in order to determine whether a reaction will proceed sn1 or sn2?
- 1) look @ reactivity of alkyl halide (whether it has tertiary, secondary, etc. carbons)
- 2) look @ nucleophile (whether strong or weak)
- 3) look @ solvent (whether polar protic or polar aprotic)