ASA #4

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  1. culture
    • a social group's shared values, traditions, norms, behaviors
    •   ->transmitted through generations
    •   -> fluid = undergo changes over a period of time
  2. acculturation
    changes experienced as a result of contact w/ a new culture
  3. enculturation
    process of socialization to & maintenance of the norms of one's native culture, including the salient values, ideas & concepts
  4. What is the earlier definition of acculturation?

    What are the cons?
    process of change that occurs when individuals from different cultures interact

    • unidimensional view
    • simplistic understanding
    • one way, direct effect
  5. acculturation
    process of adaptation that occurs when distinct cultures come into sustained contact

    • multidimensional
    • different degrees of culture learning
    • maintenance components involved
  6. At what age are people harder to become acculturated?
    older people
  7. Berry's Bilinear Model of Acculturation
    Acculturation modes that lead to a particular response to the host culture
  8. What are the two dimensions of Berry's Bilinear Model of Acculturation?
    Dimension 1: Individual’s attitude toward maintenance of the native culture and identity

    Dimension 2: Individual’s preferred level and type of interaction with the host culture
  9. Integration
    proficient in the culture of the dominant group while still retaining proficiency in the heritage culture
  10. separation
    not interested in learning the culture of the dominant group & maintains only one's heritage culture
  11. assimilation
    absorb the culture of the dominant group while rejecting the norms of the heritage culture
  12. marginalization
    no interest in maintaining or acquiring proficiency in any culture, dominant or heritage
  13. Which group have the healthiest acculturation strategy?
    • the group that use integration
  14. Which group resides to those who are similar to them?
    the group that use separation
  15. Which group is highly unlikely to occur?
    the group that use assimilation
  16. Which group has no interest in either culture?
    the group that use marginalization
  17. acculturative stress
    challenges & difficulties as a result to change and the presence of unfamiliar external social & physical environment conditions
  18. What are the causal factors for acculturative stress?
    language & communication

    learning/adapting to new conventions

    lack of support network

    acquiring new skills to navigate the new culture


    migration factors

    challenges w/ job/career

    family issues (children acculturate faster than parents)
  19. Dissonant acculturation
    different rates of acculturation seen in parents & children; former acculturating @ a slower rate than the latter
  20. What conflict arrive through dissonant acculturation?
    intergeneration conflict
  21. What is the cause of intergeneration conflict?
    Since parents must rely on children to help them navigate the host culture

    such as communicating on parents' behalf and transporting parents 

    thus children are expected to be responsible and they must obey at the same time
  22. Vu & Rook (2012)
    examined acculturation, intergenerational conflict and intergenerational support among Vietnamese American college students
  23. What did Vu & Rook found in their research?
    Children acculturate quicker than their parents.  

    identify w/ mainstream culture and values

    lead to conflict at home b/c parents prefer values their native culture.
  24. What results were found through Vu & Rook research?
    children were more acculturated than parents

    more acculturation -> more arguments & more criticism (greater for females than males)

    no differences in high acculturated or low acculturated group for perceived support
  25. Which gender has to deal with more parental stress?
    females b/c of society's gender role
Card Set
ASA #4
good/bad impacts toward AA
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