VETERINARY TERMS (D)
Card Set Information
VETERINARY TERMS (D)
When the lacrimal sac becomes inflamed and tears, causing draining.
A condition in which the lacrimal gland becomes inflamed.
The process of removing the lacrimal sac by surgery
The process of cutting into the lacrimal sac.
dairy herd improvement association (dhia)
A group that tests cows for milk and fat and keeps records of feeding.
Any cow that is used for the production of milk products, not meat or reproduction.
Any horse that barely touches the ground while trotting; prone to stumbling.
Any female animal that has given birth.
A circular pattern of fur with an off color.
A collection of information that has been collected as pertaining to an experiment.
The female offspring of any living thing.
A cell that is formed when another cell divides
A calf marked for veal meat before it is a week old.
Term used to describe a horse who does not respond to directing by rein and bit as far as the mouth is concerned.
The weight of meat after the animal has been slaughtered.
The folds of skin below the ear in a fowl bird.
Loss of hearing in whole or in part.
The number of animals lost as the result of death by accident, disease, or otherwise.
A procedure in which vocal cords are trimmed to make a dog’s bark less harsh.
A tool used to cut the beak off of a chicken or turkey for the safety of other birds.
The process of removing part of the beak to prevent damage to other chickens, cannibalism, and other undesirable behavior.
Losing of strength; becoming weaker.
Removing foreign tissue or matter; taking out damaged or contaminated tissue.
Removing calcium from an animal’s bones.
Decomposing of matter with the help of fungus and bacteria; matter is completely oxidized.
Temporary teeth that go away as maturity approaches
A bedsore; loss of tissue or skin due to pressure being applied for too long.
Below the surface of something, as in position.
The exiting of excrement from the body; bowel movements.
a) Any blemish that impairs an animal’s value b) Any deviation from what is normally regarded as far as breed is concerned.
The process of keeping livestock out of a pasture until there is enough flora to sustain grazing.
Using electrical shock to bring the heart beat back into normal limits.
Less than what is normally required or needed of something
To remove the fleas off of an animal’s coat
Anything that looks different from what is considered to be normal and healthy for that species
The process of removing the oil from fiber
degree of grazing
Term refers to how closely grazed a pasture is; ungrazed, lightly grazed, etc.
Any opening in a wound from surgery
To remove the horns or horn buds through heat, chemical, or other methods
Clippers used to remove the horns of certain animals; like large scissors
To take the moisture out of something
A medical condition in which the body has lost fluid or water in excessive amounts
The condition of not being able to give milk
Has the potential to cause harm to something
When the fetus leaves the body
The removal of lice from the skin with chemicals
A type of wool that is somewhat lustrous but does not merit a classification of lustrous wool
When myelin is lost or destroyed
Small roots on neurons that receive impulses and send them the right way
a) Mass per volume b) The number of animals in a given area
A mineral deposit on the teeth; commonly referred to as tartar
Cavities; decay of teeth
A dip in the incisor teeth of horses; dark in color
A guide to the number of teeth and kinds of teeth found in an animal’s mouth
Term used in cattle terms; refers to the hard ridge in a cattle’s mouth that replaces upper teeth
A soft deposit from food left on the teeth; easily removed
Small dentate teeth
The tissue that holds the tooth in place in the mouth
Refers to the pattern of teeth; the way teeth are arranged
deoxyribonucleic acid (dna)
Nucleic acid that carries genetic information
Stunted; limited in growth
Fat that has collected in the body
A type of appetite or craving not normal in an animal
Related to or of the skin
A condition in which the skin becomes inflamed
A professional who deals with studying the skin
The study of skin
A growth on the skin due to a type of fungus
A type of fungus that can be found on the skin
A condition of the skin
The skin; also referred to as the corium
Moving downward or toward the end
Growth that will only reach a certain point once a certain age has been reached
Removal of the yolk sack from chicks that were just born
The first digit on dogs and cats; has no function
The pendulum of skin hanging from an animal’s throat
To get rid of parasitic worms in an animal
A procedure used to get waste out of the blood when the kidneys are unable to function
The muscle in the abdomen that aids in breathing
Fecal material that is wary in consistency
The dilation of the ventricles of the heart
A donkey or bird; slang word
Animals that possess both male and female traits
The time between estrous cycles
Material from plants that resists the action of enzymes in the digestive system
The process of developing different organisms over evolution
Movement of material from an area highly concentrated to an area where there is a lower concentration
How easily a substance can be turned into an appropriate digestible form
The amount of energy that can be obtained from the digestible portion of any amount of food
The amount of a certain nutrient that can be digested into the body
The amount of protein that can be absorbed into an animal’s system
The whole system involved in digestion from mouth to anus
The act of walking on the toes
To make something wider
The widening of something
Any material that is designed to dilute another ingredient
To make something weaker or more liquid by mixing it with something else
Term used to refer to the colors of feather in chickens; indicates a softer color, like tan
Feed with a great deal of fiber
A fluid that is used to make more semen and increase its volume
A measurement unit; refers to the refractivity in a lens
A tub filled with a chemical; animals are dipped into it to be disinfected or rid of parasites
To remove the horns of young animals by heat or chemicals
Removing a disc in the spine by cutting it and scraping out the contents
Any substance that oozed from a wound or an opening in the body
An animal that is picky when it comes to breeding partners
A process that helps to control the effect of organisms that are known to cause disease or contribute to diseased conditions
Refers to animals or plants that can hold up against certain diseases
To take the organisms that may cause disease out of an object
Anything that is designed to kill those organisms that are known to cause disease
To get down; to get off of
A medical condition; has to do with confusion
An animal’s attitude or temperament
In terms of animal husbandry, term refers to some defect that prevents an animal from registering with the breed or participating in a show
To cut something out in order to examine it
The furthest distance from the middle or the top of a body
distal convoluted tubules
The tubes that can be found between the Hene and the tubules around it
Spots or circles that are found on the coronet band
The process of making something larger by dilating or stretching it
Two sets of eyelashes; often results in an injury to the lining of the eye
A condition in which there are two rows of lashes in place of one
A type of device that spreads milk out in order to let it cool
The increase in the amount of urine produced
Anything that causes excessive urination
An inflammation of the diverticulum
The sac in the wall of a tube shaped organ
Term for twins that develop from two separately fertilized ovaries
The term used to denote a gentle horse; a term of affection
Indicates that an animal has a gentle nature
To cut an animal’s tail short; also used to indicate the space where the tail was
The removal of the tail or part of the tail; can also refer to a decrease in value
A cow that has been polled
A female goat, rabbit, or deer that has not been spayed
A term used for a calf with no mother; slang term
A slow trot; gentle
A long head, usually very narrow like a greyhound
To take a wild animal and put it under human control over an extended period of time; happens over generations
An animal’s tendency to overpower another, in character or in activity
The opposite of a recessive gene
The act of creating or producing sound in something
An animal; also called an ass
Refers to something being toward the back, as in a dorsal fin
A line that divides the body in half, front to back (imaginary line)
The act of an animal lying on its back
A beam of ray that goes from the back to the stomach
The amount of medication to be administered
The length of time that should pass before a drug is administered again
The amount of medicine to be given, measured in grams or units
A syringe that is used to forcefully give medicine to animals
To cross two hybrids of living thing
The process of mating livestock twice during estrous to ensure that they become pregnant; also called double cover
Two reins attached to two bits
double rigged saddle
A saddle with two cinches
Term used to indicate an animal that is unable to stand due to illness
Covered with weak, soft hairs or feathers
An animal used to plow or pull loads; a working animal
An enclosure with a sloped bottom in which animals are placed after they are dipped; fluids drip off of the animals and into the vat of chemicals
An adult male duck
The removal of blood from the body for diagnostic purposes
The process of removing feathers, skin, or fur and trimming a carcass
The weight of a dressed animal versus its weight while live
A type of horseback riding in which the rider guides the animal rather than using hands and feet to do so
The weight of the carcass of an animal or a slaughtered bird
A type of comb used to beautify an animal’s coat for show; also referred to as a currycomb
The amount of weight lost in an animal before and after it is slaughtered
The number that is calculated when the carcass weight is divided by the weight of the live animal and multiplied by one hundred.
A device used for watering an animal; the opening has a floater in it that releases water when moved so the animal can drink at will.
Term used for cattle that are herded into the market versus those who get there by cattle transport or other methods
A herd of female goats or sheep that are separated for the purpose of having young
The feces of an animal
Swelling throughout an animal’s entire body
Anything left over from a drug in the body of an animal
A band of sheep where there are no lambs
A cow that no longer gives milk
An enclosure used to keep livestock to prepare for slaughter, including fattening
The amount of matter in a certain type of feed without the moisture
The period of time before giving birth that an animal stops lactating
The dressing of a bird without scalding; bird may have been bled already
What is left of animal tissue after it has been steamed until the water evaporated; a method of removing fat
The process of causing an animal to stop lactating when they are not producing much milk
Animals that are used for meat and milk
dual use range
A range that has enough forage so that two or more kinds of livestock can use the area separately or together
A young duck with down feathers
Glands in the body that secrete directly into the blood or lymph, like the endocrine glands
A passage in the body with walls
The duct found at the end of the vas deferens
a) Term used for a horse who is not bright, due to injury or otherwise b) A dummy built in the shape of a female, may be covered in a hide and used to cause excitement in male animals
a) Refers to an animal that is not feeling up to par but not infected with anything serious b) A short, stumpy looking animal
An animal’s color; term refers to animals who are black in color or have a stripe over the shoulders of a dark color
The feces of an animal; excrement or manure
Locks of wool on a sheep that have been crusted over with dung
Refers to an animal’s tendency to drop waste in
The first part of the small intestine; can be found between the pylorus and the jejunum
The outermost part of the meninges
A type of fungicide or insecticide that is applied dry, as in regular dust
The manner in which chinchillas bathe; rolling in dust
An animal who has not grown to its full potential, due to disease, deficiency, or otherwise
A condition characterized by difficulty with normal defectation
A condition of the blood in which blood cells are abnormal
Shedding differently or abnormally
A condition characterized by intestinal trouble and inflammation
Not working like usual
Difficulty with normal digestion
Condition in which eating and/or swallowing is difficult
A condition in which growth and development are not up to normal standards
Having a hard time breathing; breathing takes great pains
A condition in which normal heart rhythms are not apparent; also referred to as arrhythmia
Difficulty giving birth
A condition in which a muscle or body part grows defectively
Having a hard time urinating; pain while urinating