VETERINARY TERMS (H)

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jrhodes828
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VETERINARY TERMS (H)
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2013-10-24 23:02:01
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VET TERMS
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  1. hackamore
  2. A certain type of head restraining device for horses, much like a halter; used for handling horses that have not yet been fully broken.
  3. hackles
  4. a) The term for the plumage on the neck of some male birds b) The term for the hairs on the backs of certain types of animals
  5. hair ball
  6. The mass of hair that an animal has swallowed, usually found in animals that groom themselves.
  7. hair slips
  8. The hide of an animal that has been cured and salted wrong, causing slippage of the hair
  9. hairlessness
  10. A characteristic of certain Holstein calves; they are born without hair on most of their body
  11. half-brother (half-sister)
  12. The term for animals who have the same mother but different fathers, or the same fathers but different mothers
  13. half-sib
  14. A term for a half-brother or half-sister
  15. half-stocking
  16. A marking on the leg that extends halfway up
  17. hallucination
  18. A false image or perception of something that is not there
  19. halter
  20. The term for a harness that is worn by certain animals; it fits over the head and the nose
  21. ham string
  22. The term for the tendon behind the hock in certain animals
  23. hammerhead
  24. An animal with a coarse head
  25. hamstrung
  26. Term used for an animal who has damaged his or her hamstring
  27. hand feeding
  28. A routine of feeding in which the animal is fed certain amounts of food at certain times of the day
  29. hand gallop
  30. A slower type of gallop in horses
  31. hand milker
  32. The term for a person who milks a cow without the aid of a machine
  33. hand strip
  34. a) To harvest a crop without a machine b)To remove the last of milk from the udders of a cow
  35. handpick
  36. a) To pick something by hand, without the use of a machine b)To pluck feathers by hand
  37. haploid
  38. The term for a cell with only one set of chromosomes
  39. hard breeder
  40. The term for a female animal that is not easy to get pregnant or breed in general
  41. hard feeder
  42. The term for an animal that remains thin no matter how well-fed they are
  43. hard milker
  44. The term for a cow that is not easy to milk, due to limited space in the udder or some other reason
  45. hard-mouthed
  46. The term for a horse whose mouth nerves have died due to continuous pressure from the bit
  47. hardiness
  48. The quality of being hardy in animals
  49. hat racks
  50. The term for canners or cattle that is very thin
  51. hatch out
  52. To come out of an egg, as in a chick emerging from a shell
  53. hatchery
  54. A place where eggs are kept until they are hatched into young
  55. hatching egg
  56. An egg that is of good quality and will likely hatch young
  57. haunch
  58. The back legs of an animal; also the action of turning on the hind legs
  59. hay belly
  60. The term for animals who have large bellies due to eating a great deal of hay or grass
  61. haylage
  62. The term for forage that is a lot like hay but with a higher moisture density
  63. head shy
  64. The term for a horse that is difficult to saddle or bridle
  65. headstall
  66. The part of the bridle that goes around the head of a horse
  67. headstrong
  68. The term for an animal with stubborn tendencies
  69. health
  70. A state of being in which all body parts function as they should
  71. heart
  72. The body organ that circulates blood
  73. heart girth
  74. The measurement around the midsection of an animal, used in guessing the weight of the heart and lungs
  75. heart rate
  76. The number of heart beats per minute
  77. heat detection
  78. A process that is used to determine whether or not an animal is in estrus
  79. heat mount detector
  80. A tool that is used to determine when a female animal comes into estrus; it is attached to the tail and changes color when she comes into heat
  81. heat period
  82. The period of estrus, when a female is receptive to a male
  83. heat prostration
  84. Another term for heat stroke or heat exhaustion
  85. heat synchronization
  86. The term for the act of causing cows in a given group to come into heat at the same time through manipulation of the heat cycle artificially
  87. heat tolerant
  88. The term for the ability an animal has to live in periods of extreme heat
  89. hebephrenic nerve
  90. The name of a nerve found in the diaphragm
  91. heifer
  92. The term for a young female cow with no young
  93. helminths
  94. Parasite worms, like flat worms or tape worms
  95. hemangioma
  96. A neoplasm made of new blood vessels
  97. hemangiosarcoma
  98. A tumor made up vascular tissue
  99. hematemesis
  100. The act of throwing up blood
  101. hematochezia
  102. Passing stool with blood in it
  103. hematoma
  104. The accumulation of blood in bodily tissues
  105. hematuria
  106. Blood in the urine
  107. heme
  108. The part of hemoglobin that contains iron
  109. hemiparesis
  110. The medical condition in which one side of the body is weak
  111. hemiplegia
  112. One side of the body becomes paralyzed
  113. hemisphere
  114. Half of a circular shape or formation
  115. hemoccult
  116. The test conducted to find blood in the stool that may not be visible to the eye
  117. hemoglobin
  118. The protein that moves oxygen in the blood
  119. hemolysis
  120. The breakdown of blood cells
  121. hemolytic
  122. The removal and destruction of red blood cells
  123. hemophilia
  124. A genetic condition in which blood does not properly coagulate
  125. hemoptysis
  126. Spitting up of blood from the lower respiratory tract
  127. hemorrhage
  128. Extreme loss of blood
  129. hemostasis
  130. To control bleeding or stop it
  131. hemostatic forceps
  132. A tool sued to grasp blood vessels and stop bleeding
  133. hemostatics
  134. Tools that are used to check for hemorrhage inside the body
  135. hen battery
  136. The number of hen cages in a group
  137. hennery
  138. A type of farm that specializes in egg production only
  139. heparin
  140. A type of anti coagulating medication or property
  141. hepatic
  142. Referring to the liver
  143. hepatitis
  144. A condition in which the liver becomes inflamed
  145. hepatocytes
  146. Cells in the liver
  147. hepatoma
  148. A neoplasm in the liver
  149. hepatomegaly
  150. An enlargement of the liver to an abnormal size
  151. herbivore
  152. An animal that eats only plants
  153. herd book
  154. The record of the animals kept in a breed association
  155. herd sire
  156. The male that is kept just for furthering the herd, usually in horses or cows
  157. heredity
  158. The study of the way that genes are passed from parent to offspring
  159. hermaphrodite
  160. An animal that possesses organs of both male and female (sexual organs)
  161. hermaphroditism
  162. The quality of having both male and female sex organs
  163. hernia
  164. The condition of having a part of a body part protruding through the tissue that would normally cover it
  165. heterelogous serum
  166. Serum that is pulled from a certain disease or species
  167. heterogeneous
  168. Elements that have qualities that are not the same
  169. heterotrophic
  170. Organisms who do not self-feed; their bodies depend upon matter supplied from outside of their bodies
  171. heteroxenous parasite
  172. A parasite that requires multiple hosts in order to properly develop
  173. heterozygous
  174. Having two genes for one trait, one dominant over the other in most cases
  175. hibernate
  176. A state in which an animal becomes dormant, lowering its breathing rate, heart rate, and body temperature during winter
  177. hidebound
  178. The term for an animal whose skin is close to its body, usually from poor nutrition
  179. hidrosis
  180. Too much sweating
  181. high blower
  182. A horse that snorts while galloping
  183. high roller
  184. A horse who bucks higher than normal
  185. high school horse
  186. A horse who is trained to perform complicated routines for show
  187. hilum
  188. A concaved area where nerves and blood vessels go inside an organ
  189. hind cinch
  190. A type of cinch that goes around the horse so as to keep the saddle from moving; as contrasted to a normal saddle with one cinch
  191. hindgut
  192. The term for the cecum, small and large colon all together
  193. hinny
  194. The young borne of a stallion and jenny (sterile)
  195. hip height
  196. A measurement taken from the top of the hip to the ground; term usually sued to refer to cattle
  197. hirsute
  198. Something that is covered in rough hairs
  199. histiocyte
  200. Connective tissue that is loose and covered in large macrophages
  201. histology
  202. The study of the way that the bodily tissues work
  203. histopathologic
  204. Something that has to do with changes in the structure of the body as the result of cells that are diseased or abnormal in some way
  205. hives
  206. Swellings under the skin that can be caused by food allergies or anything else
  207. hob
  208. A ferret that is intact (male)
  209. hobble
  210. a) A type of restraint in which the feet are put in straps to prevent movement b) To tie an animal’s front legs
  211. hog bristles
  212. The stiff hairs on certain pigs that are used in the making of certain bristles
  213. hog down
  214. To put hogs out to pasture on a crop grown just for feed, so it never has to be harvested
  215. hog holder
  216. A tool that is used to hold a hog in place for vaccinations and other activities in which movement must be restricted
  217. hog ring
  218. A type of ring that is hooked to the one of a hog to prevent it from digging up the ground with its nose
  219. hold up milk
  220. To cause milk to cease in cows
  221. holding pen
  222. A pen in which animals are kept for handling
  223. homeostasis
  224. The maintenance of a consistent environment in the body
  225. homer’s syndrome
  226. A medical condition characterized by sinking of the eyes, constriction of the pupils and other such symptoms
  227. homogenized milk
  228. Milk that has been treated so that the particles are broken up to keep them suspended in the milk and not rise after the milk has been standing for a while
  229. homogenous
  230. The quality of being the same throughout
  231. homolog
  232. One of two structures that are similar in shape, function, or type
  233. homologous
  234. The quality of coming from the same place but having different functions
  235. homologous serum
  236. Serum that comes from the same species or derived from the same disease
  237. homothermic
  238. Term used to refer to animals who have a consistent body temperature
  239. homozygote
  240. The term for an animal whose genotype is made up of similar genes
  241. homozygous
  242. The condition of having two of the same genes for one trait
  243. hooded
  244. The term for a type of rat that has a black coloring over the top of its body
  245. hoof
  246. The hard outside of the feet of certain animals, like horses, cattle, goats, and pigs
  247. hoof pick
  248. A tool used to clean the hooves of certain animals
  249. hoof testers
  250. A tool that is used to test how sensitive a horse’s foot is
  251. hoof wall
  252. The outside covering of the foot of hooved animals
  253. hopper feeding
  254. The act of making food available to an animal for days on end so that it does not have to wait for feeding
  255. hordeolum
  256. A type of infection in the eyelid; may also be referred to as a stye
  257. horizontal silo
  258. A silo built long rather than tall, the opposite of an upright silo
  259. horizontal transmission
  260. The transfer of a disease from one animal to the next
  261. hormone
  262. A chemical that is transported by the blood to regulate organ activity
  263. hornless
  264. An animal that has no horns; a polled animal
  265. horny frog
  266. The structure in the bottom of a horse’s foot; their foot pad (shaped like a V)
  267. horse manure
  268. Dried horse waste that is used to grow certain plants, hot beds, and to enrich soil
  269. horsemanship
  270. The quality of having experience and skill with horses
  271. hoss
  272. The slang term for horse
  273. hot-tight
  274. A type of fence that will not allow for escape by an animal
  275. hothouse lamb
  276. A lamb that is born in the fall or winner and is marketed early, at six to twelve weeks old
  277. hotis test
  278. The test for the presence of certain organisms in milk
  279. hotter monitor
  280. A recording of heart rates for a whole day, monitored by a type of recorder worn by the animal
  281. husbandry
  282. The art of raising farm animals and farming
  283. hybrid vigor
  284. The act of a crossbreed excelling its parents in size, growth speed, and overall health
  285. hybridization
  286. Producing crossbreeds through manipulation
  287. hydrocephalus
  288. A condition in which fluid is found inside the brain; water on the brain
  289. hydronephrosis
  290. The dilation of the pelvis due to obstruction of urine
  291. hydrophilic
  292. Something that is prone to water
  293. hydrophobia
  294. The fear of water
  295. hydrops
  296. The collection of fluids in the body tissues; also dubbed dropsy
  297. hydroureuter
  298. The medical condition that results w hen the ureter becomes distended due to something blocking it
  299. hygiene
  300. The science of health and sanitation
  301. hymen
  302. The fold of membrane that covers the vagina
  303. hyperalbumenia
  304. A condition in which the blood has a high level of albumin
  305. hypercapnia
  306. High levels of carbon dioxide in the blood
  307. hyperchromic
  308. More color than would usually be normal
  309. hyperechoic
  310. A tissue that is brighter in color and reflects more sound than the tissue around it
  311. hyperemia
  312. More blood than normal in a body part
  313. hyperesthesia
  314. Extra sensitive in nature
  315. hyperextension
  316. Straightening a limb beyond normal
  317. hyperglycemia
  318. Elevated levels of glucose in the blood
  319. hypergonadism
  320. A condition in which excess hormones are secreted from the reproductive organs
  321. hyperinsulinism
  322. A medical condition in which more than enough insulin is produced
  323. hyperkalemia
  324. Too much potassium in the blood
  325. hyperlipidemia
  326. A condition of the blood in which the fat levels are high
  327. hypernatremia
  328. High levels of sodium in the blood
  329. hyperparasites
  330. The term for a parasite that can parasite on another parasite
  331. hyperphagia
  332. Excessive hunger
  333. hyperpituitarism
  334. A condition causing excessive growth caused by abnormally functioning pituitary glands
  335. hyperpnea
  336. An increase in respiration rate and depth of breathing
  337. hypersensitivity
  338. A reaction to a certain pathogen that is out of the ordinary
  339. hypersusceptible
  340. A condition in which an animal is especially susceptible to certain infections or poisons
  341. hypertension
  342. High blood pressure
  343. hyperthermia
  344. High body temperature
  345. hypertrophy
  346. Larger in size than normal
  347. hypertropia
  348. The deviation of one of the eyes
  349. hyperventilation
  350. Rapid breathing
  351. hyphema
  352. Hemorrhage into the back of the eye
  353. hypnosis
  354. A trance like state of being; a state of altered awareness
  355. hypocalcaemia
  356. High levels of calcium in the blood
  357. hypocalcemia
  358. A low level of calcium in the blood
  359. hypocapnia
  360. Less than normal levels of carbon dioxide in the blood stream
  361. hypodermis
  362. The skin tissue below the true skin
  363. hypoglycemia
  364. Low amounts of glucose in the blood
  365. hypogonadism
  366. Not enough secretion of hormones from the reproductive organs
  367. hypokalemia
  368. Lower levels of potassium in the blood than normal
  369. hypomagnesemia
  370. A magnesium deficiency in the blood
  371. hypothalamus
  372. Part of the thalamus that helps to regulate the release of certain hormones
  373. hypothermia
  374. A body temperature that is too low
  375. hypothesis
  376. A guess in scientific research
  377. hypotropia
  378. Movement of just one eye down
  379. hypovolemia
  380. The slowdown of circulation of blood
  381. hypoxia
  382. Less oxygen than normal in the blood
  383. hypsodont
  384. A kind of tooth that always grows and is chewed down continuously
  385. hysterecomy
  386. Removal of the uterus in whole
  387. hystricomoprh
  388. A type of rodent, like a chinchilla or guinea pig

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