HSCI 003 Chapter 7 Pathology

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tgherasim
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242772
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HSCI 003 Chapter 7 Pathology
Updated:
2013-10-24 23:50:50
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Medical Terminology
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Pathologies of the urinary system
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  1. glomerulonephritis
    inflammation of the glomerulus within the kidney
  2. nephrolithiasis
    kidney stones (renal calculi)
  3. nephrotic syndrome (nephrosis)
    group of clinical signs and symptoms caused by excessive protein loss in urine.
  4. polycystic kidney diease (PKD)
    multiple filled sacs (cysts) within and on the kidney.
  5. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the lining of the renal pelvis and renal parenchyma.
  6. renal cell carcinoma (hypernephroma)
    cancerous tumor of the kidney in adulthood.
  7. renal failure
    • decrease in excretion of wastes results from impaired filtration function.
    • acute (ARF) or┬áchronic (CRF)
    • chronic kidney disease (CKD)
  8. renal hypertension
    • high blood pressure resulting from kidney disease
    • most common form of secondary hypertension.
  9. Wilms tumore
    malignant tumor of the kidney occurring in childhood
  10. bladder cancer
    malignant tumor of the urinary bladder
  11. creatinine clearance
    • measurement of the rate at which creatinine is cleared from the blood by the kidney.
    • glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
  12. CT urography
    x-ray images obtained using computed tomography show multiple cross-sectional and other views of the kidney.
  13. renal angiography
    x-ray examination (with contrast) of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder.
  14. ultrasongraphy
    imaging of the urinary tract structures using high-frequency sound waves.
  15. radioistope scan
    image of the kidney obtained after injecting a radioactive substance (radioistope) into the bloodstream.
  16. MRI urography
    changing magnetic field produces images of the kidney and surrounding structures in three planes of the body.
  17. cystoscopy
    direct visualization of the urethra and urinary bladder with an endoscope (cystoscope).
  18. dialysis
    • process of separating nitrogenous waste materials from the blood.
    • hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD)
  19. lithotripsey
    • urinary tract stones are crushed by shock waves
    • extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsey (ESWL)
  20. renal angioplasty
    dilation of narrowed areas in the renal arteries.
  21. renal biopsy
    removal of kidney tissue for microscopic examination.

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