chapter 8

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Author:
dacastro
ID:
242785
Filename:
chapter 8
Updated:
2013-11-21 23:15:53
Tags:
contemporary
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Description:
1900- present
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  1. contemporary period
    (paragraph)
    • from 1900 to present
    • the change of music had various influences such as style,  technology, fashion, and taste that were communicated with much greater speed due to significant developments in communication, transportation, and commerce.
    • the rise if contemporary was due to the development of powerful commercial base
    • Folk music had always been of music history and development
    • due to the commercialization of popular music since 1900 has created an almost complete separation of the two styles  that american pop music  has become its own category 
    • contemporary is close to modern music
    • time is an important factor for the quality of music and art

    for example there is saying that if music survives for a year it tends to be less forgotten
  2. impressionism in music (paragraph)
    • as impressionism rose in the arts musicians started to join in the crusade of anti romanticism
    • Claude debussy was considered the chef in impressionism in the music but he did not like the term and did not associate himself with the movement.debussy broke fro traditional harmony and melody using short melodic figures.
    • many say that hs music represents french music and culture
    • other musicians that were labeled impressionist were
    • charles griffes
    • maurice ravel
    • ottorniio respgihi
  3. impressionism (paragraph)
    • the contemporary period began before the 1900
    • a group of french artist who were against emotionalism and realism started a new radical way of painting in the 1860
    • they were critsized and no one supported them the movement was known as impressionism
    • claude monet, pierre auguste renior 
    • monetgot famous for his paintings of landscapes
  4. expressionism (paragraph)
    • an extension of the emotionalism and realism found in the romantic era
    • musicians were looking for a new and dramatic way to display emotion in their work and to create an emotional response from the public
    • arnold schoenberg began his career as an radical romantic he moved away form large scale to small works with great complexity disonance and range of emotions and created a new style known as pantonality
  5. twelve tones systems (paragraph)
    • using all of the tonalites  but has been labeled atonality by music historians because of the lack of discernible center of tonality in the works
    • the system developed by schoenberg to create atonality all notes must be used before a note can be repeated a note can be repeated thereby no single note has more importance than any other note.
  6. pointillism
    the use of points of color in art and points of timbre in music
  7. tone rows
    the use of all  notes available in an octave  to create melodic and harmonic  material for 12 tone composition
  8. pantonality
    a term used by schoenberg to describe his 12  tone style literally means all the tonalities
  9. archaeology
    the scientific study of the life and culture of ancient peoples by the excavation of ancient cities relics and artifacts.
  10. primitivism
    the borrowing  of ancient ideas and ideals and using those ideas in the 20th century music and art forms
  11. white note music
    music created only using the white notes of the keyboard no sharps or flats
  12. electronic music
    20th century music that is created by manipulating  sound sources recorded on tape
  13. avant garde
    advance guard  used to describe musicians and artist who led new or unconventional movements in the arts.
  14. chance or aleatory music
    20th century music with elements left to chance or the whim of the performer also called aleatory music
  15. minimalism
    20th century style of art and music  in art the resources are simple and limited in music the harmonic changes are limited and the texture is thick with little rest and a great deal of repetion
  16. claude debussy
    prelude to the afternoon of a faun
  17. arnold schoenberg
    madonna
  18. igor stravinksy
    the rite of spring
  19. aaron copland
    theme and variations on simple gifts
  20. polyrhythm
    more than the signitures
  21. twelve tone 
    the system developed by schoenberg to create atonality. all notes within the octave must be used before a note can be repeated, thereby  no single note has more importance than any other
  22. white note music
    music created only using the white notes of the keyboard no sharps or flats
  23. world music
    music of the contemporary period that is created through the mixing of a variety of music from diverse cultures
  24. modern
    literally in present mode the period of music and art history from 1900 to present
  25. electronic music
    20th century music that is created by manipulating sound sources recorded on tape
  26. chance music or aleatory music
    20th century music with elements left to chance or the whim of the performer also called aleatory music
  27. Avant garde
    • advance guard
    • used to describe musicians and artist who led new or unconventional movement in the arts
  28. Expressionism
    20th century extension of the romantic period the display of extreme emotions in music and art associated with the twelve tone system of music compostion 
  29. minimalism
    20th century style of art and music in art the resources are simple and limited. in music the harmonic changes are limited and the texture is thick with a little rest and a great deal of repetition
  30. aleatory music or chance
    20th century music with elements left to chance or the whim of the performer aslo called chance music
  31. american art composers
    • charles ives 
    • goerge gershwin 
    • walter piston 
    • roger sessions
    • virgil thompson
    • aaron copland
    • samuel barber
    • william schumman

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