med vocab ch 10-11.txt

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med vocab ch 10-11.txt
2013-10-25 11:44:26

med vocab ch 10-11
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  1. Bulbourethral glands
    the two glands below the prostate that secrete a sticky fluid that becomes a component of semen
  2. Epididymis
    long duct coiled on top of each testis that transports and stores mature spermatozoa
  3. Penis
    external male organ used in urination and sexual intercourse
  4. Glans penis
    bulbous tip at the end of the penis
  5. Prepuce, foreskin
    layer of skin that covers the glans penis in uncircumcised males
  6. Prostate gland
    gland that surrounds the top of the urethra (immediately below the bladder) that secretes a fluid that becomes part of semen
  7. Scrotum
    sac that is suspended on either side of and behind the penis that encloses the testes and epididymis
  8. Semen
    viscous fluid containing spermatozoa and secretions of the testes and seminal glands, prostate and bulbourethral glands
  9. Seminal vesicles
    two glands behind the urinary bladder that produce seminal fluid which becomes a component of semen
  10. Seminiferous tubules
    coiled tubes in the testes in which spermatozoa are formed
  11. Sperm, spermatozoon
    male reproductive (sex) cell produced by the testes that can fertilize an ovum in a female to produce offspring
  12. Testis, testicle
    male reproductive gland (found in pairs) located in the scrotum that produces spermatozoa and testosterone
  13. Testosterone
    male hormone produced by the testes
  14. vans deferens
    ducts that carry spermatozoa from the epididymis to the urethra
  15. andr/o
  16. balan/o
    glans penis
  17. epididym/o
  18. orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o, test/o, testicul/o
    testis, testicle
  19. prostat/o
  20. sperm/o, spermat/o
    sperm, spermatozoon
  21. vas/o
    duct, vessel, vas deferens
  22. vesicul/o
    fluid-filled sac (seminal vesicle)
  23. an-
    without, not
  24. crypt-
  25. -cele
    herniation, protrusion
  26. -genesis
    originating, producing
  27. -ism
    condition of
  28. -lith
    sone, calculus
  29. -lysis
    destruction, breakdown, separation
  30. -pathy
  31. -pexy
    surgical fixation
  32. -plasty
    surgical repair, reconstruction
  33. -rrhea
    flow, discharge
  34. -stomy
    surgical opening
  35. -tomy
  36. Balanic
    pertaining to the glans penis
  37. Coitus
    sexual intercourse
  38. Condom
    sheath for the penis worn during intercourse for prevention of conception or infection
  39. Ejaculation
    expulsion of sperm from the male urethra
  40. Epididymal
    pertaining to the epididymis
  41. Prostatic
    pertaining to the prostate
  42. Puberty
    period of development when secondary sex characteristics develop and the ability to reproduce begins
  43. Spermatic
    pertaining to sperm
  44. Spermicide
    agent that kills spermatozoa
  45. Testicular
    pertaining to a testicle
  46. Andropathy
    disease found only in males
  47. Anorchisim
    condition of being without a testis or testes
  48. Aspermia
    absence of sperm; inability to produce sperm
  49. Balanitis
    inflammation of the glans penis
  50. Blanorrhea
    abnormal discharge of the prostate gland
  51. Benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH), benign prostatic hypertropy (BPH)
    enlargement of the prostate gland
  52. Cryptorchidisim
    condition of hidden testis (or testes); failure of the testes to descend into the scrotum before birth
  53. Epididymitis
    inflammation of the epididymis
  54. Erectile dysfunction (ED)
    inability of a male to attain or maintain an erection
  55. Hydrocele
    accumulation of fluid in the scrotum
  56. Oligospermia
    scanty production of sperm
  57. Orchitis, orchiditis testitis
    inflammation of a testis or testicle
  58. Peyronie disease
    development of abnormal scar tissue, or plaques, in tissue inside the penis, causing bending of an erect penis
  59. Phimosis
    narrowing of the opening of the prepuce that prevents it from being drawn back over the glans penis
  60. Priapism
    abnormal persistent erection of the penis
  61. Prostatitis
    inflammation of the prostate
  62. Prostatolith
    stone or calculus in the prostate
  63. Prostatorrhea
    discharge from the prostate
  64. Spermatocele
    cyst in the epididymis containing spermatozoa
  65. Testicular torsion
    twisting of the spermatic cord, causing a decrease in blood flow to the penis
  66. Varicocele
    enlargement of veins in the spermatic cord
  67. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)
    disease of the immune system caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  68. Chlamydia
    bacterial sexually transmitted disease that can occur with no symptoms (sometimes referred to as the silent sexually transmitted disease) until it progresses to where it damages organs; the most common STD in the United States
  69. Condyloma
    a wartlike lesion on the genitals
  70. Genital herpes
    inflammatory sexually transmitted disease caused by the herpes simplex virus; symptoms include blisters or ulcerative lesions on the genitals
  71. Gonorrhea
    contagious, inflammatory, sexually transmitted disease affecting mucous membranes of the genitals and urinary system
  72. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    a virus that weakens the body's immune system and can cause AIDs
  73. Human paillomavirus (HPV)
    viral sexually transmitted disease that causes genital warts and other symptoms
  74. Sexually transmitted disease (STD), venereal disease (VD)
    a communicable disease spread from one person to another primarily through sexual contact
  75. Syphilis
    bacterial sexually transmitted disease that causes sores called chancres; can spread to other parts of the body
  76. Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test
    blood test that measures the amount of prostate-specific antigen in the blood to screen for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) or prostate cancer
  77. Digital rectal examination (DRE)
    assessment done by inserting a finger into the male rectum to determine the size and shape of the prostate through the rectal wall
  78. Transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)
    ultrasound imaging of the prostate done through the rectum
  79. Balanoplasty
    surgical repair or reconstruction of the glans penis
  80. Circumcision
    excision of the prepuce (foreskin) from the penis
  81. Epididymectomy
    excision of an epididymis
  82. Orchidectomy, orchiectomy
    excision of a testis
  83. Orchidopexy, orchiopexy
    surgical fixation of a testis; used to bring an undescended testicle into the scrotum
  84. Orchidotomy, orchiotomy
    incision into a testis
  85. Orchioplasty
    surgical repair or reconstruction of a testis
  86. Penile implant
    surgical procedure to place a penile prosthesis for patients with erectile dysfunction
  87. Prostatectomy
    excision of the prostate
  88. Prostatolithotomy
    incision to remove a stone from the prostate
  89. Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP)
    removal of prostatic tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope; used for treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia
  90. Vasectomy
    excision of a segment of the vas deferens to cause male sterility
  91. Vasovasostomy
    creation of a new opening using an incision between two pieces of vas deferens to reverse the effects of a vasectomy
  92. Vesiculectomy
    excision of a seminal vesicle
  93. Antiretroviral
    drug used for the treatment of infection by a retrovirus, primarily human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  94. Antiviral
    drug used specifically for treating viral infections
  95. Impotence agent
    drug used to treat erectile dysfunction
  96. Vasodilator
    drug used to open blood vessels; may be used to benign prostatic hypertrophy and erectile dysfunction
  97. Urology
    medical specialty focusing on the study and treatment of conditions of the urinary system and male reproductive system
  98. Urologist
    physician who specializes in urology
  99. AIDS
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  100. BPH
    benign prostatic hyperplasia; benign prostatic hypertropy
  101. DRE
    digital rectal examination
  102. ED
    erectile dysfunction
  103. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  104. HPV
    human papillomavirus
  105. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  106. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  107. TRUS
    transrectal ultrasound
  108. TUIP
    transurethral incision of the prostate
  109. TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate
  110. VD
    veneral disease
  111. Breasts
    female organs of milk secretion
  112. Areola
    pigmented are around the breast nipple
  113. Lactiferous ducts
    channels that carry breast milk to the nipple
  114. Lactiferous lobules
    glands in the breast that make breast milk
  115. Mammary glands
    modified sweat glands located in the breasts that prepare for milk production in anticipation of the birth of a fetus
  116. Mammary papilla
    breast nipple
  117. Genitalia
    external and internal organs of reproduction
  118. Mons pubis
    rounded mound of fatty tissue that cover the pubic bone
  119. Ovaries
    pair of oval reproductive glands attached to the uterus, which produce hormones and release ova
  120. Corpus luteum
    temporary endocrine gland formed in the ovary that secretes progesterone during the second half of the menstrual cycle
  121. Vesicular ovarian follicles, Graafian follicles
    fluid-filled sacs in the ovaries, each containing an immature ovum
  122. Oocyte
    an immature ovum contained in a follicle
  123. Ovum, pl. ova
    an egg cell
  124. Perineum
    surface area between the thighs extending from the coccyx to the pubis that includes the anus posteriorly and the external genitalia anteriorly
  125. Salpinges, fallopian tubes
    tubular structures that carry the ovum from the ovary to the uterus
  126. Fimbriae
    finger-like extensions of the salpinx that drape over the ovary
  127. Uterus, womb
    pear-shaped organ located in the middle of the pelvis that supports a growing fetus and is the site of menses
  128. Adnexa
    appendages or adjunct parts; the adnexa of the uterus consist of the salpinges, ovaries, and the ligaments that hold them together
  129. Endometrium
    inner lining of the uterus
  130. Myometrium
    thick, muscular, middle layer of the uterus
  131. Perimetrium
    outer layer of the uterus that covers the body of the uterus and part of the cervix
  132. Cervix
    tubular, lower portion of the uterus that opens into the vagina
  133. Cervical os
    opening of the cervical canal
  134. Fundus
    dome-shaped top portion of the uterus that lies above the entrance of the salpinges
  135. Vagina, birth canal
    muscular tube projecting inside a female that connects the uterus to the outside of the body
  136. Greater vestibular glands, Bartholin glands
    glands that keep the vaginal mucosa moist and provide lubricant for the vagina during sexual intercourse
  137. Introitus
    opening of the vagina
  138. Vulva
    the female external genital organs
  139. Clitoris
    small (less than 2 cm) mass of erectile tissue in females that responds to sexual intercourse
  140. Labia
    two sets of skin folds that serve to cover the female external genital organs and tissues
  141. Labia majora
    part of the labia that covers and protects the female external genital orgnas
  142. Labia minora
    inner folds of the labia that surround the openings to the vagina and urethra
  143. Amnion
    inner layer of membrane surrounding the fetus and containing the amniotic fluid
  144. Amniotic fluid
    fluid that encases the fetus and provides a cushion for the fetus as the mother moves
  145. Chorion
    outermost membrane surrounding the fetus
  146. Conception, fertilization
    instant at which the spermatozoa and egg unite
  147. Effacement
    thinning of the cervix in preparation for delivery
  148. Embryo
    fertilized ovum from the time of implantation in the uterus until about the eighth week of gestation
  149. Fetus
    developing embryo from the eighth week of gestation until delivery
  150. Gamete
    an organism's reproductive cell, such as sperm or egg cells
  151. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG)
    hormone secreted by the fertilized ovum soon after conception
  152. Lactation
    production of breast milk by the mammary glands after childbirth
  153. Lochia
    discharges from the vagina of mucus, blood and tissue debris following childbirth
  154. Placenta
    temporary organ implanted in the uterus through which the fetus receives nutrients and oxygen from the mother's blood ans passes waste
  155. Pregnancy, gestation
    state of a female after conception and until delivery
  156. Prolactin
    lactation-stimulating hormone
  157. Umbilical cord
    cord composed of blood vessels and connective tissue that is connected to the fetus from the placenta
  158. Zygote
    cell resulting from the union of a sperm and oocyte
  159. cervic/o
    neck, cervix (neck of uterus)
  160. gyn/o, gynec/o
  161. hyster/o, metr/o, metri/o, uter/o
  162. men/o, menstru/o
  163. my/o
  164. ovari/o, oophor/o
  165. pelv/i
    pelvis, pelvic cavity
  166. perine/o
  167. salping/o
    salpinx, fallopian tube
  168. vagin/o, colp/o
  169. vulv/o, episi/o
  170. amni/o, amnion/o
  171. cephal/o
  172. chori/o
  173. embry/o, embryon/o
    embryo, immature form
  174. fet/o
  175. fund/o
  176. galact/o, lact/o
  177. gestat/o
    from conception to birth
  178. gravid/o
  179. hydr/o
    water, fluid
  180. mamm/o, mast/o
    breast, mammary gland
  181. nat/o
  182. olig/o
    scanty, few
  183. omphal/o
    umbilicus, avel
  184. pub/o
  185. toc/o
    labor, birth
  186. ante-, pre-
  187. dys-
    painful, difficult, abnormal
  188. ecto-
    outer, outside
  189. endo-
    in, within
  190. micro-
  191. multi-
  192. neo-
  193. nulli-
  194. poly-
    many, much
  195. post-
  196. supra-
  197. -arche
  198. -asthenia
  199. -centesis
    puncture to aspirate
  200. -ia, -ism
    condition of
  201. -metry
    measurement of
  202. -partum
    childbirth, labor
  203. -plasia
    formation, growth
  204. -rrhage, rrhagia
    flowing forth
  205. -rrhaphy
  206. -scopy
    process of examining, examination
  207. Abdominopelvic
    pertaining to the abdomen and pelvis
  208. Chorionic
    pertaining to the chorion
  209. Congenital
    existing at birth
  210. Cystic
    pertaining to or containing cysts
  211. Date of birth (DOB)
    the day of birth of a patient
  212. Embryonic
    pertaining to an embryo
  213. Endometrial
    pertaining to or composed of endometrium
  214. Estimated date of confinement (EDC), estimated date of delivery (EDD)
    the date at which an infant is expected to be born, calculated from the date of the mother's last menstrual period
  215. Fetal
    pertaining to a fetus
  216. Gestational
    pertaining to pregnancy
  217. Gravida
    a pregnant woman
  218. in vitro
    in an artificial environment
  219. Intrauterine
    within the uterus
  220. Last menstrual period (LMP)
    the date indicating the first day of a patient's last menstrual period
  221. Meconium
    greenish-black first stool of a newborn
  222. Menarche
    a girl's first menstrual period
  223. Menstruation, menses
    cyclic shedding of endometrial lining and discharge of bloody fluid from the uterus; occurs approximately every 28 days
  224. Neonatal
    pertaining to to the period immediately succeeding birth and continuing through the first 28 days of life
  225. Neonate, newborn
    a newborn infant
  226. Nulligravida
    a woman who has never conceived a child
  227. Nullipara
    a woman who has never given birth to a child
  228. Ovarian
    pertaining to an ovary
  229. Para
    a woman who has given birth
  230. Pelvic
    pertaining to the pelvis
  231. Perineal
    pertaining to the perineum
  232. Postpartum
    the period of time after birth
  233. Prenatal
    the period of time preceding birth
  234. Primigravida
    a woman who has had one pregnancy
  235. Suprapubic
    above the pubic bone
  236. Transabdominal
    across or through the abdomen
  237. Transvaginal
    across or through the vagina
  238. Stillbirth
    the birth of an infant who has died before delivery
  239. Uterine
    pertaining to the uterus
  240. Adenomyosis
    the presence of endometrial tissue growing through the myometrium
  241. Amenorrhea
    absence of menstrual bleeding
  242. Atrophic vaginitis
    inflammation of the vagina due to the thinning and shrinking of the tissues, as well as decreased lubrication
  243. Bacterial vaginosis
    infection of the vagina caused by the disruption of the normal balance of bacteria, in which "good" bacteria is replaced by "harmful" bacteria
  244. Cervical dysplasia
    development of abnormal cells in the lining of the cervix
  245. Cervicitis
    inflammation of the cervix
  246. Dysmenorrhea
    difficult or painful menstruation
  247. Dyspareunia
    condition of experiencing pain during sexual intercourse
  248. Endometriosis
    the presence of endometrial tissue somewhere other than in the lining of the uterus
  249. Mastitis
    inflammation of the breast(s)
  250. Endometritis
    inflammation of the endometrium
  251. Mastodynia
    pain in the breast(s)
  252. Menopause
    permanent cessation of menses
  253. Menorrhagia
    irregular or excessive bleeding during menstruation
  254. Metrorrhagia
    irregular bleeding from the uterus between menstruation
  255. Myoma, uterine fibroid, fibromyoma
    benign growth that develops from the uterus between menstrual periods
  256. Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
    inflammation of the female pelvic organs (ovaries, salpinges, and uterus) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms, such as gonococci and chlamydia
  257. Polycystic ovary syndrome
    hormone secretion disorder in women, characterized by irregular menstrual periods, excess hair growth, obesity, and numerous other symptoms
  258. Salpingitis
    inflammation of the salpinx
  259. Sexually transmitted disease (STD)
    a communicable disease spread from one person to another primarily through sexual contact
  260. Uterine prolapse
    protrusion of the uterus into or through the vagina
  261. Vulvodynia
    chronic vulvar discomfort with complaints of burning and superficial irritation
  262. Abortion (AB), spontaneous abortion (SAB)
    expulsion of an embryo or fetus from the uterus before viability
  263. Incomplete abortion
    abortion without expulsion of all the products of conception
  264. Abruptio placentae
    premature detachment of a normally situated placenta
  265. Braxton HIcks contractions, false labor
    painless uterine contractions that happen throughout pregnancy
  266. Breech pregnancy
    pregnancy in which the buttocks of a baby present at the bottom of the uterus, while the head remains in the upper part of the uterus
  267. Dystocia
    difficult childbirth
  268. Eclampsia
    seizures or coma in a patient with pregnancy-induced hypertension
  269. Ectopic pregnancy
    a pregnancy that occurs when the egg implants itself outside the uterus
  270. Gestational diabetes
    diabetes that develops or first occurs during pregnancy
  271. Infertility
    inability of a couple to conceive, regardless of the cause
  272. Nuchal cord
    loop(s) of umbilical cord around the neck of the fetus, posing risk of intrauterine hypoxia, fetal distress, or death
  273. Oligohydraminos
    presence of an insufficient amount of amniotic fluid
  274. Placenta previa
    condition in which the placenta is implanted in the lower segment of the uterus instead of the upper part
  275. Postpartam depression
    form of clinical depression that occurs soon after giving birth
  276. Preeclampsia
    development of hypertension with proteinuria, edema, or both due to pregnancy
  277. Prolapsed cord
    slipping of the umbilical cord into the vagina before delivery
  278. Rupture of membrane
    spontaneous rupture of the amniotic sac with release of fluid preceding childbirth
  279. Toxoplasmosis
    infection caused by protozoan parasites transmitted to humans from the droppings of infected cats; if contracted by a pregnant woman, can affect the fetus in many ways, including profound physical abnormalities
  280. Atresia
    congenital absence of a normal opening, such as the esophagus or anus
  281. Atrial septal defect (ASD)
    failure of an opening or foramen to close between the atria after birth
  282. Cleft lip
    congenital facial defect of the lip
  283. Down syndrome
    congenital, chromosomal condition characterized by mental retardation, retarded growth, and various other physical abnormalities
  284. Gastroschisis
    congenital defect in the anterior abdominal wall, usually accompanied by protrusion of the intestines
  285. Jaundice of newborn
    inability of an infant's liver to metabolize bilirubin; usually disappears within 48 to 72 hours after birth
  286. Mircocephaly
    congenital condition characterized by an abnormally small head; usually associated with mental retardation
  287. Omphalocele
    congenital herniation at the umbilical cord
  288. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
    failure of a fetal circulatory vessel to close after birth
  289. Spina bifida
    congenital condition in which the vertebral column does not close properly; usually is accompanied by protrusion of the spinal cord and or meninges
  290. Tetralogy of Fallot
    set of four congenital heart defects: ventricular septal defect, pulmonic valve stenosis, malposition of the aorta, and right ventricular hypertrophy
  291. Turner syndrome
    congenital abnormality of the X chromosome that alters the development of females
  292. Ventricular septal defect (VSD)
    failure of an opening or foramen to close between ventricles after birth
  293. Group B streptococcus
    test for bacterium that, if transmitted from the mother, can cause life-threatening infections in newborns
  294. Papanicolaou (Pap) test
    microscopic examination of cells collected from the vagina and cervix to detect abnormal changes (e.g., cancer)
  295. Pregnancy test
    blood test to determine the presence of the hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) secreted by the fertilized ovum
  296. Quad marker screen
    blood test to determine the risk of having a baby with a birth defect
  297. TORCH panel
    group of tests to screen for antibodies to four organisms (toxoplasmosis, rubella, cytomegalovirus infection, and herpes simplex) that can be transmitted from mother to fetus and cause congenital infections
  298. Amniocentesis
    transabdominal aspiration of fluid from the amniotic sac to test for certain problems in the fetus
  299. Apgar score
    numeric result of a test conducted on an infant immediately after delivery to evaluate a newborn's physical condition quickly
  300. Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
    removal of a small piece of placenta tissue from the uterus during early pregnancy to test for fetal abnormalities
  301. Colposcope
    a think lighted endoscope inserted into the vagina to allow for direct visualization of the vagina and cervix
  302. Colposcopy
    visual examination of the tissues of the cervix and vagina
  303. Fetal ultrasound, obstetric ultrasound
    ultrasound done during pregnancy that uses reflected sound waves to produce a picture of a fetus, the placenta that nourishes it, and the amniotic fluid that surrounds it
  304. Fetoscope
    special type of stethoscope used for listening to a fetus in the womb, usually used after about 18 weeks' gestation
  305. Hysterosalpingography (HSG)
    x-ray examination of the uterus and salpinges after injection of contrast dye
  306. Mammography
    x-ray examination of the breasts; used to detect breast tumors
  307. Pelvic ultrasound
    ultrasound of the pelvic area
  308. Transvaginal ultrasound
    ultrasound using a transducer inserted into the vagina to view the internal female reproductive organs
  309. Colporrhaphy, anterior/posterior repair
    surgical procedure that repairs a defect in the wall of the vagina
  310. Cryosurgery
    in gynecology, a procedure that uses liquid nitrogen to freeze a section of the cervix to destroy abnormal or precancerous cervical cells
  311. Dilation and curettage (D&C)
    surgical procedure in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curette
  312. Hysterectomy
    surgical excision of the uterus
  313. Total abdominal hysterectomy (TAH)
    surgical excision of the uterus and cervix (with or without removal of the ovaries or salpinges) through an incision in the abdomen
  314. Vaginal hysterectomy
    surgical excision of the uterus and cervix through an incision deep inside the vagina
  315. Loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP)
    gynecologic procedure that uses a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop to cut out abnormal tissue in the cervix
  316. Mammoplasty
    surgical repair of the breast procedure that raises and firms the breasts by removing excess skin and tightening the surrounding tissue to reshape the breast
  317. Mastopexy
    fixation procedure that raises and firms the breasts by removing excess skin and tightening the surrounding tissue to reshape the breast
  318. Myomectomy
    surgical removal of myomas
  319. Oophorectomy
    surgical excision of an ovary
  320. Pessary
    appliance of varied form, introduced into the vagina to support the uterus to correct any displacement
  321. Salpingectomy
    surgical excision of a salpinx
  322. Salpingo-oophorectomy
    surgical excision of a salpinx and an ovary
  323. Uterotomy, hysterotomy
    incision of the uterus
  324. Ulvectomy
    surgical removal of all or part of the vulva
  325. Amniotomy, artificial rupture of membranes
    artificial tearing of the amniotic sac to induce or expedite labor
  326. Cerclage
    placement of a nonabsorbable suture around an incompetent cervical opening
  327. Cesarean section
    surgical incision made through the abdominal wall and the uterus to extract the fetus
  328. Episiotomy
    surgical incision through the perineum to enlarge the vagina and assist childbirth
  329. Induction of labor
    attempt to start the childbirth process artificially by administering a drug to start labor or by puncturing the amniotic sac
  330. in vitro fertilization (IVF)
    process whereby ova are placed in a medium to which spermatozoa are added for fertilization, which produces a zygote; the zygote is then introduced into the uterus with the objective of full-term development
  331. Therapeutic abortion (TAB)
    abortion performed for medical reasons (such as when the mother's life is threatened by the pregnancy)
  332. Tubal ligation
    sterilization procedure for women in which the salpinges are tied in two places and the tubes in between the ligations are removed
  333. Contraceptive
    agent that prevents contraception
  334. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT)
    administration of hormones (e.g. estrogen, progesterone) to women after menopause or oophorectomy
  335. Abortifacient
    agent that produces abortion
  336. Ovulation induction
    use of hormone therapy to stimulate the development of mature eggs
  337. Oxytocin
    hormone that causes contractions and promotes milk release during lactation; also used to induce or stimulate labor
  338. Tocolytic agent
    agent used to arrest uterine contractions, often used in an attempt to arrest premature labor contractions
  339. Gynecology (GYN)
    medical specialty concerned with diseases of the female genital tract, as well as endocrinology and reproductive physiology of the female
  340. Gynecologyst (GYN)
    physician who specializes in gynecology
  341. Midwifery
    practice of providing holistic health care to the childbearing woman and newborn
  342. Midwife
    health professional who practices midwifery
  343. Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU)
    hospital department designed for care of critically ill pemature and full-term infants
  344. Neonatology
    medical subspecialty of pediatrics concerned with the medical needs of newborn babies through the 28th day of life
  345. Neonatologist
    pediatrician specializing in obstetrics
  346. Obstetrics (OB)
    medical specialty concerned with childbirth and care of the mother
  347. Obstetrician (OB)
    physician who specializes in obstetrics
  348. Pediatrics
    medical specialty concerned with the study and treatment of children in health and disease during development from birth through adolescence
  349. Reproductive endocrinology
    medical subspecialty within gynecology and obstetrics that addresses hormonal functioning as it pertains to reproduction as well as the issue of infertility
  350. Reproductive endocrinologist
    physician who practices reproductive endocrinology
  351. AB
  352. CVS
    chorionic villus sampling
  353. D&C
    dilation and curettage
  354. DOB
    date of birth
  355. EDC
    estimated date of confinement
  356. EDD
    estimated date of delivery
  357. GYN
    gynecologist; gynecology
  358. hCG
    human chorionic gonadotrophin
  359. HRT
    hormone replacement therapy
  360. HSG
  361. IVF
    in vitro fertilization
  362. LEEP
    loop electrosurgical excision procedure
  363. LMP
    last menstrual period
  364. NICU
    neonatal intensive care unit
  365. OB
    obstetrics; obstetrician
  366. PID
    pelvic inflammatory disease
  367. SAB
    spontaneous abortion
  368. STD
    sexually transmitted disease
  369. TAB
    therapeutic abortion
  370. TAH
    total abdominal hysterectomy