Psych 111 Chapter Seven

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hchristensen
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242828
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Psych 111 Chapter Seven
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2013-10-25 16:49:15
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Psych 111
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Questions from Psych 111 Chapter 7 for Exam 2
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  1. What is the term for the capacity to retain and retrieve information?
    memory
  2. What is the term for measuring memory that involves the ability to retrieve information which has been learned earlier?
    recall
  3. What is the term for measuring memory that involves the ability to identify previously encountered information?
    recognition
  4. What is the term for measuring memory in which the effort is saved in having learned something before?
    relearning
  5. What model of memory states that memory and mind are like a computer?
    information processing model
  6. What is the term for how to put information in your brain and retain, store, and retrieve it?
    encoding
  7. What is the term for comparing to information that is already in our long-term memory and then it goes to long-term memory or is lost?
    pattern recognition 
  8. What content of long-term memory is the act of consciously or intentionally retrieving past experiences?
    explicit memory
  9. What content of long-term memory states that past experiences influence later behavior and performance, people are not consciously aware that they are remembering?
    implicit memory
  10. What kind of memories are facts, rules, concepts, and general knowledge?
    semantic memories
  11. What kind of memories are experienced events and personal recollections?
    episodic memories
  12. What is the term for something that increase identification of objects/words based on recent exposure to other stimuli?
    priming
  13. What is the term for memory that involves motor skills and knowing "how" to do things?
    procedural
  14. What is the term for the fact that we tend to remember beginning pieces of a list?
    primacy effect
  15. What is the term for the fact that we tend to remember the end pieces of a list?
    recency effect
  16. What is the term for the fact that numerous mention increases memory?
    frequency
  17. What is the term for creating visual images to represent words/concepts to remember things?
    visual imagery
  18. What is the term for matching up existing visual images with concepts?
    method of loci
  19. What is the term for systematic strategies for remembering information? (memory tricks or useful tools to aid memory)
    mnemonics
  20. What is the term for the fact that memory is enhanced by using both semantic and visual codes since either can lead to recall?
    dual-coding theory
  21. What is the term for a dramatic positive or negative memory?
    flashbulb memory
  22. What is the term for the ability to recall when, where, and how information was acquired?
    source memory
  23. What is the term for assigning a memory to the wrong source?
    memory misattribution
  24. What is the term for when we don't "remember" it in the first place?
    ineffective encoding
  25. What is the term for the belief that memories fade with time?
    decay theories
  26. What is the term for when new information interferes with old information?
    retroactive interference
  27. What is the term for when old information interferes with new information?
    proactive information
  28. What is the term for when painful memories are blocked from consciousness?
    motivated forgetting
  29. What is the term for when external information helps memory?
    retrieval cues
  30. What is the term for the fact that a cue can help as a reminder when it recreates the specific way that information/memory was encoded?s
    encoding specificity
  31. What kind of amnesia involves a deficit in recalling events that happened before the onset of the amnesia?
    retrograde amnesia
  32. What kind of amnesia involves a deficit in learning after the onset of the disorder?
    anterograde amnesia
  33. What kind of amnesia includes a range of cognitive impairments including memory loss following an accident?
    post-traumatic amnesia
  34. What kind of amnesia involves the inability to remember things from the first years of life?
    childhood amnesia
  35. What is the term for a clinical condition in which the individual loses cognitive abilities and functioning to the degree in which it impedes normal activity and social relationships?
    dementia
  36. What is the term for the loss of ability to use language?
    aphasia
  37. What is the term for the loss of ability to carry out coordinated body movement?
    apraxia
  38. What is the term for the loss of ability to recognize familiar objects and faces?
    agnosia

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