Chapter 6 - Slides 1-24

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Chapter 6 - Slides 1-24
2013-10-26 08:12:07
Bones Skeletal Tissue

Bones and Skeletal Tissue
Show Answers:

  1. What Contains no blood vessels or nerves
    Skeletal Cartilage
  2. What is Surrounded by the perichondrium (dense irregular connective tissue) that resists outward expansion
    Skeletal Cartilage
  3. What are the Three Types of Skeletal Cartilage?
    • Hyaline
    • Elastic
    • Fibrocartilage
  4. Which Cartilage provides support, flexibility, and resilience?
    Hyaline Cartilage
  5. Which Cartilage is the most abundant skeletal cartilage?
    Hyaline Cartilage
  6. Which Cartilage is present in
    *articular- covers the end of long bones
    Hyaline Cartilage
  7. Which cartilage is present in
    *Costal- connects the ribs to the sternum
    Hyaline cartilage
  8. Which cartilage is present in
    *Respiratory- makes up larynx, reinforces air passage
    Hyaline Cartilage
  9. Which cartilage is present in
    *Nasal- supports the nose
    Hyaline Cartilage
  10. This cartilage is similar to hyaline cartilage, but contains elastic fibers
    Elastic Cartilage
  11. This cartilage is found in the external ear and the epiglottos
    Elastic Cartilage
  12. This cartilage is highly compressed with great tensile strength
  13. This cartilage contains collagen fibers
  14. This cartilage is found in menisci of the knee and in intervertebral discs
  15. What 2 ways does cartilage grow?
    • *Appositional
    • *Interstitial
  16. In which cartilage growth way does the cells in the perichondrium secrete matrix against the external face of existing cartilage?
  17. In which cartilage growth way does lacunae-bound chondrocytes inside the cartilage divide and secrete new matrix, expanding the cartilage within?
  18. Calcification of cartilage occurs when?
    • *During normal bone growth
    • *During old age
  19. Which skeleton is the bones of the skull, vertebral column, and rib cage?
    Axial Skeleton
  20. Which skeleton is the bones of the upper and lower limbs, shoulder, and hip
    Appendicular skeleton
  21. Which bones are longer then they are wide? (Humerus)
    Long Bones
  22. Which bones are cube-shaped bones of the wrist and ankle?
    Short Bones
  23. Which bones are bones that form within tendons? (patella)
    Sesamoid Bones
  24. Which bones are thin, flattened, and a bit curved? (sternum, and most skull bones)
    Flat Bones
  25. Which bones are bones with complicated shapes? (vertebrae and hip bones)
    Irregular Bones
  26. What are the Functions of Bones? (there are 5)
    • *Support
    • *Protection
    • *Movement
    • *Mineral Storage
    • *Blood cell Formation
  27. This function of the bone forms the framework that supports the body and cradles soft organs.
  28. This function of bones provides a protective case for the brain, spinal cord, and vital organs.
  29. This function of the bones provides levers for muscles.
  30. This function of the bone is a reservoir for minerals, especially calcium and phosphorus.
    Mineral Storage
  31. This function of the bones is where hematopoiesis occurs within the marrow cavities of the bone.
    Blood cell Formation
  32. Which bone markings serve as sites of attachment for muscle, ligaments, and tendens?
    Bulges, depressions, and holes
  33. Which depressions serve as joint surfaces?
    bulges, depressions, and holes
  34. Which bone markings serve as conduits for blood vessels and nerves?
    bulges, depressions, and holes
  35. Which bone texture has a dense outer layer?
    Compact bone
  36. Which bone texture has a honeycomb of trabeculae filled with red bone marrow?
    Spongy bone
  37. Long bones consist of        &        ?
    diaphysis and epiphysis
  38. Which structure of the long bone has a tubular shaft that forms the axis?
  39. Which structure of a long bone is composed of compact bone that surrounds the medullary cavity?
  40. This structure of the long bone has yellow bone marrow (fat) that is contained in the medullary cavity.
  41. This structure of the long bone has expanded ends?
  42. This structure of a long bone has an exterior that is compact bone and a interior that is spongy bone?
  43. This structure of a long bone has joint surfaces that are covered with articular (hyaline) cartilage.
  44. What is the name of the line that seperates the diaphysis from the epiphyses.
  45. What are the 2 bone membranes?
    • *Periosteum
    • *Endosteum
  46. Which bone membrane is a double layered protective membrane?
  47. Which bone membrane is a delicate membrane covering internal surfaces of the bone?
  48. What type of tissue is the outer layer of periosteum?
    dense irregular connective tissue
  49. The inner osteogenic layer of periosteum is composed of what?
    osteoblasts and osteoclasts
  50. The periosteum is richly supplied with         fibers,            , and          vessels, which enter the bone via nutrient foramina.
    nerve fibers, blood, and lymphatic vessels.
  51. Which bone membrane is secured to underlying bone by Sharpy's fibers?
  52. Which 3 bones have thin plates of periosteum-covered compact bone on the outside and endosteum-covered spongy bones (diploe) on the inside?
    • *Short
    • *Irregular
    • *Flat bones
  53. Which 3 bones have no diaphysis or epiphysis?
    • *Short
    • *Irregular
    • *Flat
  54. Which 3 bones contain bone marrow between the trabeculae?
    • *Short
    • *Irregular
    • *Flat