Psych 111 Chapter Ten

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hchristensen
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242864
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Psych 111 Chapter Ten
Updated:
2013-10-29 16:22:04
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Psych 111
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Questions from Psych 111 Chapter Ten for Exam 2
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  1. What is the term for vigor and persistence of goal directed behavior, and helps move us toward our goals?
    motivation
  2. What is the name of the theory that states that motivation plays a significant role in adaptation? We have a social need to affiliate, share resources, provide protection, and procreate.
    evolutionary theory
  3. What is the term for the internal state of tension that propels one to a certain activity/behavior to lessen the feeling?
    drives
  4. What is the term for external goals that promote a behavior?
    incentives
  5. What is the term for a motivation to take actions that are themselves rewarding?
    intrinsic motivation
  6. What is the term for a motivation to take actions that are not themselves rewarding, but that lead to reward?
    extrinsic motivation
  7. What is the term for the tendency for the body (person) to want to maintain a state of constancy?
    homeostasis
  8. What is the primary structure of the brain which signals hunger and satiation?
    hypothalamus
  9. What part of the hypothalamus turns hunger "on"?
    lateral
  10. What part of the hypothalamus turns hunger "off"?
    ventromedial
  11. What are the four steps of the sexual response cycles for men and women?
    • excitement
    • plateau
    • orgasm
    • resolution
  12. What are the four functions that Hill proposed that explain why we strive to affiliate?
    • to obtain
    • to receive
    • to gain
    • to permit social comparison
  13. What is the name of the belief that facial expressions themselves can control emotion?
    Facial Feedback Hypothesis Proponents
  14. What is the term for norms that regulate the appropriate expression of emotions; culturally determined?
    Display Rules
  15. What theory of emotion states that conscious experience of emotion results from perception of arousal?
    James-Lange Theory
  16. What theory of emotion states that cognitive interpretations of a situation and response occur at approximately the same time?
    Cannon-Bard Theory
  17. What theory of emotion states that people use two factors to identify emotion; physiological arousal and cognitive interpretation; search the environment for an explanation for reactions; look for external cues to help label emotions?
    Schachter's Two-Factor Theory

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