Chapter 9 cellular resperation

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lucas
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242965
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Chapter 9 cellular resperation
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2013-10-26 13:47:09
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Cell Resperation
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Chapter 9 test flashcards
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  1. Glucose Metabolism
    a simple sugar that is metabolized by nearly all known organisms.
  2. aerobic
    relating to, involving, or requiring free oxygen
  3. anaerobic
    relating to, involving, or requiring an absence of free oxygen
  4. glucose metabolism equation
    C6H12O6 + 6 O2 --> 6 CO2 + 6 H20
  5. Glycolysis
    C6H12O6 + 2 ADP + 2 [P]i + 2 NAD+ --> 2 pyruvate + 2 ATP + 2 NADH
  6. glyco
    of, relating to, or producing sugar.
  7. lysis
    the disintegration of a cell by rupture of the cell wall or membrane.
  8. Inputs of glycolysis
    • glucose
    • 2 ATP
    • 2 NAD+
    • 4ADP + P
  9. products of glycosis
    • 2 pyruvates
    • 4 ATP (2 net)
    • 2 NADH + H+
    • 2 H20
  10. Cell Respiration
    • Cellular respiration is the process by which the chemical energy of "food" molecules is released and partially captured
    • in the form of ATP.
  11. Electron Transport system
    • An electron transport chain couples electron transfer between an
    • electron donor and an electron acceptor with the transfer of H+ ions
    • across a membrane
  12. lactic acid fermentation
    • Lactic acid fermentation is a biological process by which glucose,
    • fructose, and sucrose are converted into cellular energy and the
    • metabolite lactate
  13. chemiosmosis
    Chemiosmosis is the movement of ions across a selectively permeable membrane, down their electrochemical gradien

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