Bontragers - Abdomen

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  1. Ascites
    An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
  2. Transpyloric plane
    • Halfway between the jugular notch and the upper border of the symphysis pubis.
    • Passes through the pylorus of the stomach at L1.
  3. Transtubercular plane
    • Located midway between the transpyloric plane and the upper border of the symphysis pubis.
    • Passes through L5.
  4. Right and left lateral planes
    Located midway between the midsagittal plane and the corresponding ASIS.
  5. Exposure factors for the Abdomen
    • Meduim kVp (70-80)
    • Short exposure time
    • Adequate mAs to sufficient density
  6. Correctly exposed abdominal radiographs should faintly show...
    • lateral borders of the psoas muscles
    • lower liver margin
    • kidney outlines
    • lumbar vertebrae transverse processes
  7. Where is the centering point for a KUB?

    Select one:
  8. What films are included in a three-way acute abdominal series?

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  9. What landmark corresponds to the inferior margin of the abdomen?

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  10. The lower margin of the radiograph on a KUB exam should include at least the superior portion of the arch of the ___________ ____________? (what body part, two words?)

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  11. Are abdominal radiographs exposed on (inspiration or expiration)?

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  12. Gonadal shielding for abdominal radiography should be used for females:

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  13. What thoracic level is the xiphoid tip at?

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  14. Is there a abdominal prep (i.e., NPO, laxative, etc.) that the patient must receive prior to a single KUB abdominal radiograph?

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  15. How many minutes (minimum) should the patient be on his/her side prior to exposure for a lateral decubitus or upright projection?

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  16. What is the kVp range for abdominal radiography?

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  17. The iliac crest is at what vertebral level?

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  18. Which is most common, the AP or PA projection for a KUB?

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  19. What does "KUB" stand for?

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  20. What is the most commonly used abdominal landmark?

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  21. What landmark approximates the superior border of the abdomen?

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  22. Where is the centering point for an erect abdomen radiograph?

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  23. What films are included in a two-way acute abdominal series?

    Select one:
  24. Which lateral decubitus should be taken if the patient cannot stand for an erect abdomen?

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  25. Should the diaphragm be visible on an erect abdominal film if a PA chest is not included in the series?

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  26. Should the patient be instructed to hold the breath on inspiration or expiration during an erect abdominal film.

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  27. What is the error in positioning on the radiograph labeled Fig. C3-48 on p. 123 Bontrager's?

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  28. Which position of the abdomen would best show an aneurysm, calcification of the aorta, or umbilical hernia?
    Select one:
  29. The top of the film will be approximately at the level of the ____________? (when centering for a lateral decubitus abdomen)

    Select one:
  30. The costal margin is at which vertebral level?

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  31. Regarding this abdominal series, which radiograph would represent an erect abdomen: Image Upload

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  32. This radiograph was demonstrated in the Web review. It demonstrates a(an):
    Image Upload

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  33. If there was barium in the colon it would be nearly impossible to rule out a kidney stone.

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  34. The arrows (defined by the letter A) define the margin of what structure: Image Upload

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  35. Volvulus is defined as an abnormal twisting of a segment of bowel on itself, around its longitudinal axis.

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  36. This position would demonstrate possible "free air". The organ that would help visualize the air would be the liver. Image Upload

    Select one:

  37. The kidneys are in the peritoneal space.

    Select one:
  38. Intraperitoneal Organs
    • Liver
    • Gallbladder
    • Spleen
    • Stomach
    • Jejunum
    • Ileum
    • Cecum
    • Transverse colon
    • Sigmoid colon
  39. Retroperitoneal Organs
    • Kidneys
    • Ureters
    • Adrenal glands
    • Pancreas
    • C-loop of Duodenum
    • Ascending colon
    • Descending colon
    • Upper rectum
    • Aorta
    • Inferior vena ceva
  40. Infraperitoneal (Pelvic) Organs
    • Lower rectum
    • Urinary bladder
    • Reproductive organs (Females)
  41. RUQ organs
    • Liver
    • Gallblader
    • Right colic (hepatic) flexure
    • Duodenum
    • Head of Pancreas
    • Right kidney
    • Right suprarenal gland
  42. LUQ organs
    • Spleen
    • Stomach
    • Left colic (splenic) flexure
    • Tail of Pancreas
    • Left kidney
    • Left suprarenal gland
  43. RLQ organs
    • Ascending colon
    • Appendix (vermiform)
    • Cecum
    • 2/3 of ileum
    • ileocecal valve
  44. LLQ organs
    • Descending colon
    • Sigmoid colon
    • 2/3 of jejunum
  45. Nine Abdominal Regions
    • Right hypochondriac // Epigastric // Left hypochondriac
    • Right lateral (lumbar) // Umbilical // Left lateral (lumbar)
    • Right inguinal (iliac) // Pubic (hypogastric) // Left inguinal (iliac)
  46. Mechanical obstructions (dynamic - with force)
    • Fibrous Adhesions - scar tissue from surgery
    • Intussuception - telescoping bowel
    • Volvulus - bowel twisting on itself.
  47. Non-mechanical obstructions (Adynamic - without power)
    • Peritonitus - inflammation of peritoneum
    • Paralytic ileus - Lack of intestinal motility
Card Set:
Bontragers - Abdomen
2013-10-28 04:23:03
Bontragers Abdomen

Bontragers - Abdomen
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