Bontragers - Abdomen

Card Set Information

Author:
joesaflea
ID:
242969
Filename:
Bontragers - Abdomen
Updated:
2013-10-28 00:23:03
Tags:
Bontragers Abdomen
Folders:

Description:
Bontragers - Abdomen
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user joesaflea on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Ascites
    An abnormal accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity.
  2. Transpyloric plane
    • Halfway between the jugular notch and the upper border of the symphysis pubis.
    • Passes through the pylorus of the stomach at L1.
  3. Transtubercular plane
    • Located midway between the transpyloric plane and the upper border of the symphysis pubis.
    • Passes through L5.
  4. Right and left lateral planes
    Located midway between the midsagittal plane and the corresponding ASIS.
  5. Exposure factors for the Abdomen
    • Meduim kVp (70-80)
    • Short exposure time
    • Adequate mAs to sufficient density
  6. Correctly exposed abdominal radiographs should faintly show...
    • lateral borders of the psoas muscles
    • lower liver margin
    • kidney outlines
    • lumbar vertebrae transverse processes
  7. Where is the centering point for a KUB?

    Select one:
  8. What films are included in a three-way acute abdominal series?

    Select one:
  9. What landmark corresponds to the inferior margin of the abdomen?

    Select one:
  10. The lower margin of the radiograph on a KUB exam should include at least the superior portion of the arch of the ___________ ____________? (what body part, two words?)

    Select one:
  11. Are abdominal radiographs exposed on (inspiration or expiration)?

    Select one:
  12. Gonadal shielding for abdominal radiography should be used for females:

    Select one:
  13. What thoracic level is the xiphoid tip at?

    Select one:
  14. Is there a abdominal prep (i.e., NPO, laxative, etc.) that the patient must receive prior to a single KUB abdominal radiograph?

    Select one:
  15. How many minutes (minimum) should the patient be on his/her side prior to exposure for a lateral decubitus or upright projection?

    Select one:
  16. What is the kVp range for abdominal radiography?

    Select one:
  17. The iliac crest is at what vertebral level?

    Select one:
  18. Which is most common, the AP or PA projection for a KUB?

    Select one:
  19. What does "KUB" stand for?

    Select one:
  20. What is the most commonly used abdominal landmark?

    Select one:
  21. What landmark approximates the superior border of the abdomen?

    Select one:

  22. Where is the centering point for an erect abdomen radiograph?

    Select one:
  23. What films are included in a two-way acute abdominal series?

    Select one:
  24. Which lateral decubitus should be taken if the patient cannot stand for an erect abdomen?

    Select one:
  25. Should the diaphragm be visible on an erect abdominal film if a PA chest is not included in the series?

    Select one:
  26. Should the patient be instructed to hold the breath on inspiration or expiration during an erect abdominal film.

    Select one:
  27. What is the error in positioning on the radiograph labeled Fig. C3-48 on p. 123 Bontrager's?


    Select one:
  28. Which position of the abdomen would best show an aneurysm, calcification of the aorta, or umbilical hernia?
    Select one:
  29. The top of the film will be approximately at the level of the ____________? (when centering for a lateral decubitus abdomen)

    Select one:
  30. The costal margin is at which vertebral level?

    Select one:
  31. Regarding this abdominal series, which radiograph would represent an erect abdomen:

    Select one:
  32. This radiograph was demonstrated in the Web review. It demonstrates a(an):


    Select one:
  33. If there was barium in the colon it would be nearly impossible to rule out a kidney stone.

    Select one:
    True
  34. The arrows (defined by the letter A) define the margin of what structure:

    Select one:
  35. Volvulus is defined as an abnormal twisting of a segment of bowel on itself, around its longitudinal axis.

    Select one:
  36. This position would demonstrate possible "free air". The organ that would help visualize the air would be the liver.

    Select one:

  37. The kidneys are in the peritoneal space.

    Select one:
  38. Intraperitoneal Organs
    • Liver
    • Gallbladder
    • Spleen
    • Stomach
    • Jejunum
    • Ileum
    • Cecum
    • Transverse colon
    • Sigmoid colon
  39. Retroperitoneal Organs
    • Kidneys
    • Ureters
    • Adrenal glands
    • Pancreas
    • C-loop of Duodenum
    • Ascending colon
    • Descending colon
    • Upper rectum
    • Aorta
    • Inferior vena ceva
  40. Infraperitoneal (Pelvic) Organs
    • Lower rectum
    • Urinary bladder
    • Reproductive organs (Females)
  41. RUQ organs
    • Liver
    • Gallblader
    • Right colic (hepatic) flexure
    • Duodenum
    • Head of Pancreas
    • Right kidney
    • Right suprarenal gland
  42. LUQ organs
    • Spleen
    • Stomach
    • Left colic (splenic) flexure
    • Tail of Pancreas
    • Left kidney
    • Left suprarenal gland
  43. RLQ organs
    • Ascending colon
    • Appendix (vermiform)
    • Cecum
    • 2/3 of ileum
    • ileocecal valve
  44. LLQ organs
    • Descending colon
    • Sigmoid colon
    • 2/3 of jejunum
  45. Nine Abdominal Regions
    • Right hypochondriac // Epigastric // Left hypochondriac
    • Right lateral (lumbar) // Umbilical // Left lateral (lumbar)
    • Right inguinal (iliac) // Pubic (hypogastric) // Left inguinal (iliac)
  46. Mechanical obstructions (dynamic - with force)
    • Fibrous Adhesions - scar tissue from surgery
    • Intussuception - telescoping bowel
    • Volvulus - bowel twisting on itself.
  47. Non-mechanical obstructions (Adynamic - without power)
    • Peritonitus - inflammation of peritoneum
    • Paralytic ileus - Lack of intestinal motility

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview