chapter 5

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chapter 5
2013-10-26 17:09:25
SOC 200 Exam

powerpoint for ch 5 and notes
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  1. a collection of people who share some attribute, identify with one another, and interact with each other
  2. a temporary gathering of people in a public place whose members may interact but do not identify with each other and will not remain in contact
  3. a crowd is one example of a ?
  4. a collection of people who share a physical location but do not have lasting social relations
  5. ____ groups usually involve more face to face interaction, greater cooperation and deeper feelings of belonging
  6. ex of primary group?
    • family
    • best friends
  7. larger, less personal groups are known as?
    secondary groups
  8. ____ groups are usually organized around a specific activity or the accomplishment of a task
    secondary groups
  9. the web of direct and indirect ties connecting an individual to other people
    social network
  10. loss of sense of connection in the modern world
  11. the patterns of interaction between groups and individuals
    group dynamics
  12. what does group dynamics include?
    the way groups form and fall apart, and influence members
  13. the smallest possible social group
    • dyad
    • 2 members
  14. what type of group is unstable because of the size
  15. a _____ is more stable than a dyad because conflicts between 2 members can be mediated by the third
    • triad
    • 3 people
  16. how many relationships does a group of 2 have? 3? 4? 5?
    • 1
    • 3
    • 6
    • 10
  17. a group that a person identifies with and feels loyalty toward
  18. a group that a person feels opposition, rivalry, or hostility toward
    out group
  19. a group that provides a standard of comparison against which people evaluate themselves
    reference group
  20. the sense of solidarity or loyalty that individuals feel toward a group to which they belong
    group cohesion
  21. the tendency of very cohesive groups to enforce a high degree of conformity among members creating a demand for unanimous agreement
  22. the influence of one's fellow group members on individual attitudes and behaviors
    social influence (peer pressure)
  23. when we conform to group norms because we want to gain acceptance and approval
    positive sanctions
  24. when we conform to avoid rejection and disapproval
    negative sanctions
  25. actions to gain reward or avoid punishment
  26. the mildest form of conformity
  27. conformity to establish or maintain a relationship with a person or group
  28. an individual adopts the beliefs or actions of a group and makes them his or her own
  29. the strongest type of conformity
  30. a group almost always outperforms an individual but rarely performs as well as it could in theory
  31. A groups efficiency usually declines as its size increases because organizing takes time and ____ ____ increases with group size
    social loafing
  32. the degree to which they identify with the group
    social identity
  33. the ability to control the actions of others
  34. backed by the threat or force
    coercive power
  35. supported by persuasion
    influential power
  36. who identified 3 types of authority found in social organizations?
    max weber
  37. authority based in custom, birthright, or divine right and is usually associated with monarchies and dynasties
    traditional authority
  38. authority based in laws, rules and procedures
    legal- rational authority
  39. authority based in the perception of remarkable personal qualities in a leader
    charismatic authority
  40. leadership that is task or goal oriented
    instrumental leader
  41. what type of leader is less concerned with people's feelings than with getting the job done
    instrumental leader
  42. concerned with maintaining emotional and relational harmony within the group because this will lead to a positive work environment and improved productivity
    expressive leader
  43. a type of secondary group designed to perform tasks efficiently
  44. ______ are impersonal by efficient, and they provide many basic necessities
  45. who coined the term mcdonalization?
    George ritzer
  46. describes the spread of bureaucratic rationalization and the resulting increase in both efficiency and dehumanization