chapter 4 exam 2

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chapter 4 exam 2
2013-10-26 17:38:53
SOC 200

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  1. classic formulation of the way individuals define situations, whereby "if people define situations are real, they are real in their consequences"
    Thomas theorem
  2. an agreement with other about what is going on in a given circumstance
    definition of the situation
  3. what does the definition or the situation allow us to do?
    to coordinate our actions with those of others and realize goals
  4. small actions such as an eye roll or head nod that serve as an international tool to help project our definition of the situation to others
    expressions of behavior
  5. expressions that are intentional and usually verbal, such as utterances
    expression given
  6. observable expressions that can be either intended or unintended and are usually nonverbal
    expressions given off
  7. the effort to control the impressions we make on others so that they form a desired view of us and the situation
    impression management
  8. an approach pioneered by goffman in which social life is analyzed in terms or its similarities to theatrical performance
  9. the setting or scene of performances that helps establish the definition or the situation
  10. the expressive equipment we consciously or unconsciously use as we present ourselves to others, including appearance and manner, to help establish the definition of the situation
    personal front
  11. the context or setting in which the performance takes place
  12. places in which we rehearse and prepare for our performances
  13. the region in which we deliver our public performance
    front stage
  14. the process by which a concept or practice is created and maintained by participants who collectively agree that is exists
    social construction
  15. behaviors that help others to save face or avoid embarrassment, often referred to as civility or tact
    cooling the mark out
  16. ethnographic description that focuses on the feelings and reactions of the ethnographer
  17. social groups, institutions, and individuals that provide structured situations in which socialization takes place
    agents of socialization
  18. values or behaviors that students learn indirectly over the course of their schooling because of the structure of the educational system and the teaching methods used
    hidden curriculum
  19. the process of replacing previously learned norms and values with new ones as a part of a transition in life
  20. an institution in which individuals are cut off from the rest of society so that their lives can be controlled and regulated for the purpose of systematically stripping away previous roles and identities in order to create new ones
    total institutions
  21. a position in a social hierarchy that carries a particular set of expectations
  22. an inborn status; usually difficult or impossible to change
    ascribed status
  23. a status generated by physical characteristics
    embodied status
  24. a status earned through individual effort or imposed by others
    achieved status
  25. a status that is always relevant and affects all other statuses we possess
    master status
  26. judging others bases on preconceived generalizations about groups or categories of people
  27. the set of behaviors expected of someone because of his or her status
  28. experienced when we occupy two or more roles with contradictory expectations
    role conflict
  29. the tension experienced when there are contradictory expectations within one role
    role strain
  30. the process of leaving a role that we will no longer occupy
    role exit
  31. emotions like sympathy, embarrassment or shame that require that we assume the perspective of another person or many other people and respond from that person or group's point of view
    role taking emotions
  32. socially constructed norms regarding the expression and display of emotions;
    feeling rules
  33. the process of evoking, suppressing or otherwise managing feelings to create a publicly observable display or emotion
    emotion work
  34. face to face interaction or being in the presence of others
  35. a post modern idea that the self is now developed by multiple influences chosen from a wide range of media sources
    saturated self
  36. the ability of an individual to act freely and independently