audition

Card Set Information

Author:
brianklein
ID:
243049
Filename:
audition
Updated:
2013-10-26 21:37:53
Tags:
cognition audition
Folders:

Description:
foy quiz
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user brianklein on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. sound is ___ in air pressure
    changes
  2. qualities in sound
    • -frequency
    • -amplitude
    • -timbre
  3. db
    amplitude
  4. hz
    frequency pitch
  5. fundamental frequency
    f of o = 220hz
  6. point of the queen backmasking
    its hard to turn off top down processing
  7. hearing as pattern recognition : we label ____ to recognize them
    sounds
  8. the outer ear is used for
    amplification
  9. converts mechanical pressure to liquid born impulses
    middle ear
  10. converts liquid borne vibrations to movement of hair cells on basilar membrane, which are converted into neural impulses
    inner ear
  11. parts of the inner ear
    • cochlea
    • liquid born vibrations
    • basilar membrane
  12. high pitched sounds are processed in which part of the basilar membrane
    near the oval window
  13. low pitched sounds
    middle of spiral
  14. fibers leaving via the auditory nerve ____ tonotopic organization
    preserve
  15. A1
    primary auditory cortex
  16. 41, 42 areas
    Brodmann's areas
  17. left side of the rain is more sensitive _____ sound
    speech
  18. right side of the brain is more sensitive to ____
    tones
  19. association cortex is responsible for
    • harmonic patterns
    • melodic patterns
    • rhythmic patterns
    • music
  20. auditory nerve and auditory cortex are ____
    tonotopic
  21. features: _____ cell recordings
    single
  22. wholes : ____ cell recordings. ERP's
    multiple
  23. A1 is more _____ to pure tones
    representative
  24. secondary regions are associated with this type of consciousness hearing
    pitch
  25. some cells are specialized for ____ and location
    loudness
  26. to determine location
    • -time differences
    • -intensity differences
  27. second mechanism for detecting location
    • -distortions by head and outer ear
    • -learn how sounds are distorted (position)
  28. auditory stream segregation-separating out a single stream of different sounds into different objects and locations
    determining "what"
  29. mismatch negativity
    MMN
  30. MMN occurs when a sound is ____ relative to preceding sounds
    unexpected
  31. 3 auditory illusions
    • -missing fundamental phenomenon
    • -mcgurk effect
    • -phonemic restoration effect
  32. universal- cross cultural
    emerges with out training
    music perception
  33. set of discrete pitches
    presented in pattern that vary over pitch and rhythm
    musical systems
  34. "wholes" of music
    emotions, musical phrases (mary had a little clam)
  35. "features" of music
    pitch, rhythm
  36. lyrical features
    phonemes
  37. lyrical wholes
    words
  38. poor at detecting changes in pitch and two musical phrases
    congenital amusia
  39. difficulties recognizing scary music. otherwise can recognize other types of music (like happy music)
    amygdala damage
  40. ___ % of people report earworms
    98
  41. units of speech
    phonemes
  42. sound frequency against time
    intensity is shown by darkness
    consonents are shorter
    vowels are longer
    spectrogram
  43. consecutive speech sounds blend into each other due to mechanical constraints on articulators. siri voice is a good example
    co-articulation
  44. tongue, teeth, palate are considered
    articulators
  45. icecream vs i scream is an example of the
    segmentation problem
  46. pitch, age, gender
    different dialects (tempo, vowels)
    talking speeds
    interspeaker differences
  47. speech perception is guided by knowing how phonemes are produced
    motor theory of speech perception
  48. primary auditory cortex
    not specialized for speech
  49. association areas
    left hemisphere responds more to speech than non speech
  50. damage to the left hemisphere could result in
    auditory agnosia
  51. ___- convey socially important information such as age, ___ and emotion
    voices; gender
  52. the voice selective region is in the ____ superior temporal lobe
    right
  53. dual routes for speech perception: ____ route and _____- _____ route
    dorsal; parieto-frontal
  54. -what pathway
    -recognizes speech acoustically
    -important for speech comprehension
    ventral route
  55. -lowest frequency in complex sound
    -sinusoids are placed evenly (eg. 220 hz, 440 hz, 660 hz)
    -taking out fundamental frequency, still hear it because of this illusion
    fundamental frequency problem
  56. -auditory and visual information are contradictory
    -vision overrides the way we hear
    -visual and auditory info are combined
    -gagaga bababab
    mcgurk effect

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview