soc. midterm 2

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soc. midterm 2
2013-10-27 16:35:02

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  1. The area of common culture along the border between Mexico and the United States
  2. The maintenance of political, social, economic, and cultural domination over a people by a foreign power for an extended period.
  3. An approach that contends that industrialized nations continue to exploit developing countries for their own gain.
    Dependency Theory
  4. The worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas.
  5. The far-reaching process through which periphery nations move from traditional or less developed institutions to those characteristic of more developed societies.
  6. A functionalist approach that proposes that modernization and development will gradually improve the lives of people in developing nations.
    Modernization Theory
  7. A commercial organization that is head-quartered in one country but does business throughout the world.
    Multinational Corporation
  8. Continuing dependence of former colonies on foreign countries
  9. The monies that immigrants return to their families of origin. Also called migradollars.
  10. The global economy as an interdependent system of economically and politically and politically unequal nations.
    World Systems Analysis
  11. Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities
    Affirmative Action
  12. The process through which a majority group and a minority group combine to form a new group
  13. Anti-Jewish Prejudice
  14. A former policy of the south african government, designed to maintain the separation of Blacks and other non-Whites from the dominant Whites.
  15. The process through which a person forsakes his or her cultural tradition to become part of a different culture.
  16. a political philosophy, promoted by many younger Blacks in the 1960's that supported the creation  of black controlled political and economic institutions
    Black Power
  17. the use of the principle of race neutrality to defend a racially unequal status quo.
    Color-blinded Racism
  18. And interactionist perspective which states that in the cooperative circumstances interracial contact between people of equal status will reduce prejudice.
    Contact hypothesis
  19. The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups because of prejudice or arbitrary reasons.
  20. A group that is set apart from others primarily because of this national origin or distinctive cultural patterns.
    Ethnic group
  21. The tendency to assume that one's culture and way of life represents the norm or are superior to all others.
  22. A Marxist theory that views racial subordination in the United States as a manifestation of the class system inherent in capitalism.
    Exploitation theory
  23. The deliberate, systematic killing of entire people or nation.
  24. An invisible barrier that blocks the promotion of a qualified individual in a work environment because of the individuals gender, race, or ethnicity.
    Glass ceiling
  25. The denial of opportunities and people rights to individuals and groups that was results from the normal operations of a society.
    Institutional discrimination
  26. A subordinate group whose members have significantly less control or power over their own lives than members of a dominant or majority group have over theirs.
    Minority group
  27. Is subordinate group whose members supposedly has succeeded economically, socially, and educationally despite pass prejudice and discrimination, and without resorting to political or violent confrontations with whites.
    Model, If Ideal, Minority
  28. Mutual respect for one another's cultures among the various groups in society, which allows minorities to express their cultures without experiencing prejudice.
  29. A negative attitude toward an entire category of people, often and ethnic or racial minority.
  30. A socio-historical process in which racial categories are created, inhabited, transformed, and destroyed.
    Racial formation
  31. A group that is set apart from others because of physical differences that have taken on social significance.
    Racial group
  32. An arbitrary action initiated by an authority based on race, ethnicity, or national origin rather than on a person's behavior.
    Racial profiling
  33. The belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior.
  34. The physical separation of two groups of people in terms of residence, workplace, and social events, often imposed on a minority group by a dominant group.
  35. Is unreliable generalization about all members of a group that does not recognize individual differences within the group.
  36. Ethnic identity that emphasizes concerns such as ethnic food or political issues rather than deeper ties to one's ethnic heritage.
    Symbolic ethnicity
  37. An immigrant who sustains multiple social relationships that link his or her society of origin with the society of settlement.
  38. Concern for the maintenance of harmony and the internal emotional affairs of the family.
  39. The belief in social, economic, and political equality for women.
  40. Expectations regarding the proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females.
    Gender role
  41. Fear of and prejudice against homosexuality.
  42. The denial of opportunities and equal rights to individuals and groups that results from the normal operations of the society.
    Institutional discrimination
  43. An emphasis on tasks, a focus on more distant goals, and a concern for the external relationship between one's family and other social institutions.
  44. Thank you much to impact of oppression because of race and at the city, gender, and social class, as well as religion, sexual orientation, disability, age, and citizenship status.
    Matrix of domination
  45. A variety of male gender roles, including nurturing, caring and Effeminate-gay rolls, that men may play along with their more persuasive traditional role of dominating women.
    Multiple masculinities
  46. The double burden-work outside the home out followed by childcare and housework-that many women face and few men share equitably.
    Second Shift
  47. The ideology that one sexist is superior to the other.