315 - midterm

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  1. Teacher centered orientation....
  2. T role is to provide info and supervise practice
    uses incentives & rewards
  3. student centered theories (3)
    • constructivism
    • sociolinguistics
    • information processing
  4. background knowledge
    learners are curious
    collaboration NOT competition
    K-W-L charts
  5. importance of language and socializing
    authentic activities are best
    scaffolding is important
    shared reading/lit circles
  6. compares mind to computer
    guided reading
    grand convos
    graphic organizers
    information processing
  7. schema theory-->constructivism-->who?
  8. inquiry learning-->constructivism-->who?
  9. engagement theory-->constructivism-->what?
  10. sociocultural theory-->sociolinguistics-->who?
  11. Teacher serves as model-->theory?
    situated learning theory
  12. political agenda
    social and cultural diversity
    solve inequities and injustices
    critical literacy
  13. reading and writing are interactive processes of meaning making
    focuses on comprehension
    editing stages
    interactive models
  14. interpretation are individualized b/c each students brings different knowledge and experience to reading
    transactional theory
  15. cognitive strategies used to achieve a goal: visualizing, organizing, revising
    strategic behaviors
  16. cueing systems
    • pragmatics (function)
    • syntax
    • semantics
    • phonology
  17. levels of scaffolding? (5)
    • model
    • share
    • interactive
    • guided
    • independent
  18. lit focus units
    lit circles
    reading workshops
    writing workshops
    (Types of instructional program?)
    authentic programs
  19. basal reading
    (Types of instructional program?)
    textbook program
  20. three ways to differentiate instruction:
    • content
    • process
    • products
  21. steps to the reading process (5)
    • prereading
    • reading
    • responding
    • exploring
    • applying
  22. steps to the writing process (5)
    • prewriting
    • drafting
    • revising
    • editing
    • publishing
  23. reading and writing are ______ processes
  24. writer's craft-->"the six traits"
    • ideas
    • organization
    • voice
    • word choice
    • sentence fluency
    • conventions
  25. four ways to assess students' learning
    • planning
    • monitoring
    • evaluating
    • reflecting
  26. 3 reading levels
    • independent
    • instructional
    • frustration
  27. diagnostic assessments identify students'....
    • strengths and weaknesses
    • provide instruction to address problem areas
  28. some diagnostic assessments include: (2)
    • running records
    • informal reading inventories
  29. common core standards emphasize the importance of fostering children's interest in
    • reading
    • writing
    • developing & understanding written language
  30. stages of reading and writing
    • emergent
    • beginning
    • fluent
  31. Before, reading skills were taught as _________, children's _______ is now thought of as a tool for learning about the world
    • discrete skills
    • literacy
  32. Reading and writing are processes of constructing _______
  33. Piaget's description of learning as the modification of cognitive structures and children as active learners is fundamental to _______ learning theories
  34. effective teachers know that students are often more highly motivated to read and write when they are given the opportunity to ___________
    make choices
  35. You want children to read to locate and remember information from a history selection, so you plan activities to help them take on an ________ stance
  36. Phonics instruction involves teaching children to recognize the correspondence between the smallest unit of sound, known as ___________, and ___________, the letters or letter combinations used in print.
    • phonemes
    • graphemes
  37. Readers may change the words of a text they read aloud because of regional or cultural differences in ___________, and teachers should be concerned if ___________ is also changed.
    • dialect
    • meaning
  38. Student comprehension is improved when students set a ______________(purpose, schema, guide) for reading before they read.
  39. Reading is a _______(task, skill, process) through which readers create ___________(phonemes, strategies, meaning)
    • process
    • meaning
  40. You want to find out how fluently a child reads the text she is using for buddy reading. You decide to administer__________(running records, anecdotal notes, an informal reading inventory).
    running record
  41. You want to plan instruction to help a student with the word identification errors she makes while reading aloud, but you don’t know what area to target. A __________(miscue analysis, running record, Names test) would reveal whether the student is struggling with certain patterns of words more than others.
    miscue analysis
  42. A teacher who wants to know what strategies his students use when reading would learn the most from using a __________(traditional test, classroom assessment tool, rubric) designed for the next book students read.
    classroom assessment tool
  43. The concept that children develop an awareness of functions of literacy and learn to interact with reading and writing in life is called __________(interactive readiness, functional literacy, emergent literacy).
    emergent literacy
Card Set:
315 - midterm
2013-10-30 04:52:49
midterm reading

midterm EELB315
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