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what are the four areas for IM injection?
what is borborygmus?
how do you listen to gut sounds?
- auscultate in each of four quadrants (1,2,3,4)
- 1 is dorsal and cranial and continue clockwise on right side & counter-clockwise on left side
what are four dewormers?
- pyrantel pamoate
- pyrantel tartrate
which dewormer contains ivermectin?
Eqvalan (liquid and paste)
which dewormer contains fenbendazole?
Panacur (granules, paste, & suspension)
which dewormer contains pyrantel pamoate?
Strongid paste and Strongid-T
which dewormer contains pyrantel tartrate?
Strongid-C (daily additive to feed)
what is a parasite of the mouth?
gasterophilus (bot larvae)
what are two parasites of the stomach?
- Drashia megastoma
- Habronema spp.
what are two parasites of the small intestine?
- Parascaris equorum (ascards)
- Strongyloides westeri (intestinal threadworm)
what are two parasites of the large intestine?
- Strongyles spp.
- Oxyuris equi (pinworm)
what is a parasite of the liver?
what are two parasites of the lungs?
- Parascaris equorum
- Dictyocaulus arnfieldi
What are two parasites of the skin?
- Drashia spp.
- Habronema larvae
What are two parasites of the eye?
- Thelazia lacrymalis
- Onchocerca cervicalis
what are the eight items for a colic exam?
- 1. heart rate
- 2. respiratory rate
- 3. temperature
- 4. mucous membranes
- 5. capillary refill time
- 6. gut sounds
- 7. passing feces/gas
- 8. pain level
what is the normal equine heart rate?
what is the normal equine respiration rate?
what is the normal equine temperature?
what is colic?
what are the three levels of colic?
what are the parameters for mild colic?
- 40-60 bpm
- 20-30 rpm
- pale pink
- 1-2 sec
- present/normal or increased
what are the parameters for moderate colic?
- 60-80 bpm
- 30-40 rpm
- pale pink/dark red
- 2-4 sec
- small hard fecal balls/no
what are the parameters for severe colic?
- 80+ bpm
- 40+ rpm
- <99 or >103
- 5+ sec
what are some common causes for colic?
- change in diet
what are the four core equine vaccines?
what are five risk-based equine vaccines?
- Potomac Horse Fever
what is EEE/WEE
- Eastern Equine Encephalomyelitis
- Western Equine Encephalomyelitis
what is WNV?
West Nile Virus
what is the iteology of Strangles?
what is EHV?
Equine Herpes virus
what causes abortion in horses?
what is EPM?
Equine Protozoan Myelitis
what are the effects of EPM?
which animal carries EPM?
what is tested with the Coggins test?
what is EIA?
Equine Infectious Anemia
how is EIA spread?
blood to blood contact (direct, mosquito, biting fly, transfusions, contaminated equipment (needles))
what does EIA do?
what are the three forms of EIA?
what are the signs of acute EIA?
possible fever, off feed, sudden death
how long after exposure may acute EIA show signs?
what are the signs of chronic EIA?
positive Coggins, weight loss, weakness, anemia, swelling - symptoms may come and go
what are the signs of inapparent EIA?
none except positive Coggins
what is the Texas law on EIA?
- annual Coggins testing & certificate
- blood must be drawn by vet and tested by state/federal lab
how do you treat EIA?
don't - untreatable
what is the four options for course of action for positive EIA?
- donate to research
- donate to EIA sanctuary
- life long isolation
beginning with the mouth, what is the anatomy of the GI tract?
- right ventral colon
- sternal flexure
- left ventral colon
- pelvic flexure
- left dorsal colon
- diaphragmatic flexure
- right dorsal colon
- transverse colon
- small colon