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Author:
cassiekay10
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243262
Filename:
bh
Updated:
2013-10-28 00:24:22
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bh
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  1. naltrexone hydrochloride
    revia
    • opiod receptor antagonist formerly used to tx narcotic dep now used for etoh
    • decr craving
    • 50 mg/d
    • liver toxicity w high doses
  2. rohypnol
    • roofies, date rape
    • sedative and amnesic
  3. GHB
    is
    • gamma hydroxybutyrate
    • ecstacy, liquid ecstasy
  4. GHB describe
    • club drug popular among youth
    • PO, Inj, or snorted
    • used by sex predators
    • sched 1 drug
  5. barbiturates
    • commonly used bc cheap
    • gas 
    • glue
    • aerosal propellants
  6. inhaled substances
    barbiturates
    3 groups
    • hydrocarbon solvents (gas and glue)
    • aerosal propellants (spray cans)
    • anesthetic and gases (chloroform, nit oxide, laughing gas)
  7. inhalants cause
    • decr cns + incr hilarity
    • excitability
    • dangerous cannot be controlled
  8. barbiturates
    inhalants
    deaths from
    • asphyxiation
    • suffocation
    • choking on vomit
  9. barbiturates
    inhalants
    se
    • mouth ulcers
    • gi probs
    • anorexia
    • confusion
    • ha
    • ataxia
  10. barbiturates
    special risk
    for children coming into contact
  11. barbiturates
    inhalants
    brain damage to
    • frontal lobe
    • cerebellar
    • hippocampal 
    • leads to ataxic gait and mem dysfunc
  12. barbiturates
    inhalants
    used by
    • sniffing fumes from cont
    • bagging
    • huffing rags
  13. opiods/narcotics
    • oxycodone
    • morphine
    • codeine
    • heroin
    • methadone
  14. opiods widely used by
    swallowing, smoked, snorted, inj (skin pop)
  15. buprenorphone Buprenex
    • helps detox from opiods alternatively to methadone
    • more money
    • c narcan = expensive
  16. heoin
    • most prevalent drug of abuse
    • derived from morphine
    • less expensive
    • less devastating compared to coke
  17. cocain and heroin
    speed ball
  18. oxycodone
    • effective painkiller available in
    • percocet
    • percodon
    • tylox
  19. oxycodone used by
    • crush and swallow
    • snort
    • inj powder
  20. codeine
    • cough suppressant
    • abuse bc readily availble
    • otc now limited
  21. methadone
    dolophine
    • prevent opiod wd sx
    • analgesic for ca
    • given po and poorly metabolised by liver
    • long half life 15-30 h (morphine is 2)
  22. opiod detox 
    meds
    • naloxone narcan
    • buprenorphine buprenex
  23. opiod detox meds work by
    • blocks neuroreceptors affected by opiods
    • response in few mins w iv narcan
  24. narcan used to tx
    resp depress associated w opiod od
  25. ed etoh and barbiturates
    s/s
    yawning, rhinorrhea, sweating, chills, goose bumps, tremors, restlessness
  26. stimulants
    caffeine, nicotine, cocaine/crack, amphetamines/meth, ecstasy
  27. cocaine
    • highly addictive
    • esp crack
    • users use q 20 - 60 mins
  28. meth
    speed
  29. ecstasy
    • designer drug
    • raves
  30. hallucinogens
    2 basic groups
    natural and synthetic
  31. natural hall
    • mescaline peyote
    • psilocybin mushrooms
  32. mescaline peyote
    religious ceremonies; po - norm epinephrine synapse; lasts 12 h
  33. peyote high
    closes eyes sees vivid colors, beautiful music, intense sounds, good exper, joy and hilaritiy
  34. psilocybin mushrooms
    • converted to psilocin in stom
    • lasts 8 hrs
    • hall of time, space, and perceptual alterations
  35. natural hall
    effect
    • dilates pupils
    • incr hr, bp, and temp
    • tingling skin, invol movements, inability to concentrate, feelings of anx, panic and paranoia
  36. weed
    • indian hemp plant
    • difficult to categorize
    • good for ca pts
  37. weed effects
    • produces sense of well being
    • relaxed
    • incr hunger
  38. weed sx after use
    • balance and stability impaired for 8 h
    • short term mem
    • decision making impaired
    • concentration "
    • dry mouth 
    • sore throat
    • incr hr
    • dilated pupils and red eyes
  39. synthetic hall
    • lyseric acid diethylamide lsd
    • phenocyclidine pcp
  40. synthetic hall
    report
    • distortion in bd image
    • sense of depersonalization
    • loss of sense of reality
  41. emotional consequences of synthetic hall
    panic, anx, confusion, paranoid reactions
  42. synthetic hall
    frank psychotic reactions
    bad trip
  43. lsd
    • stimulates nev sys by tightly binding to serotonin receptors po
    • # have killed themselves
    • lasts 12 hrs
  44. lsd
    given to kids
    as tattoos
  45. lsd effects
    • phenomenon
    • incr bp, tachy, trembling
    • sense of unreality
    • perceptual alterations
    • distortions
    • impaired judgement
    • flashbacks
  46. lsd phenomenon
    • blending of senses, smell a color
    • taste a sound
  47. lsd bad trip[
    ans, paranoia, acute pain
  48. pcp
    • angel dust
    • po iv smoke snort
    • lasts 6-8 hrs
  49. pcp experience
    • high
    • peaceful feeling
    • perceptual distortions
  50. pcp dangers
    • incr bp and hr
    • ataxia, salivation, vomit
    • psych- hostile, bizarre, blank stare, agitation
    • catatonic- muscle rigidity alternating w violent outburst
  51. ketamine special k
    • cow cat tranquilizer
    • causes dissociative effect
    • bad exp- k hole bc amnesia
  52. support groups
    • aa and na
    • al-anon
    • alateen
    • rational recovery
  53. nsg interventions
    • coping skills
    • fam communication
    • est a trusting ther relationship
    • express empathy
    • safe environment
    • hope for future
    • genuineness
  54. conscious development group
    • pair w partner
    • partner punished when u act up
  55. screening
    • urine - best
    • etoh bldd
  56. assessment
    ask
    • what are you doing
    • how much
    • when did you last use
  57. tasts
    cage questionnaire
    • c cutdown
    • a annoyed
    • g guilty
    • e eye opener
  58. tests 
    smast
    • short
    • michigan
    • alcoholism
    • screening
    • tool
  59. steroids
    roid rage
  60. clonidine
    • decr htn and nvd
    • used in detox process
  61. 5 signs of relapse
    • being around other users
    • severe craving
    • stop going to aa
    • not expressing feelings
    • going thru major emotional crisis

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