Bio 130 chpt 6

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Author:
lcunrod7
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243371
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Bio 130 chpt 6
Updated:
2013-10-28 12:51:52
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bones
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  1. how many bones are in the body
    206
  2. what are the two divisions of the skeletal system
    axial and appendicular
  3. what are the three components of the skeletal system
    bones, cartilage, ligaments and other connective tissue
  4. what are the main functions of the skeletal system
    support, storage of minerals, blood cell production, protection, and leverage
  5. what function of the skeletal system is support for the body and attachment for soft tissue
    support
  6. what function of the skeletal system has calcium and phosphate
    storage of minerals
  7. what function of the skeletal system has all formed elements of blood
    blood cell production
  8. what function of the skeletal system has delicate tissue and organs surrounded by bone
    protection
  9. what function of the skeletal system acts as levers with skeletal muscles to move body
    leverage
  10. what are the 6 type of bones
    flat, sutural, long, irregular, short, and sesamoid
  11. what bone are thin, roughly parallel surfaces
    flat
  12. what bone are cranial, sternum, ribs
    flat
  13. what bones are irrgular bones formed between cranial bones
    sutural
  14. what bones vary in size, number, and shape
    sutural
  15. what bones are relatively long and slender
    long
  16. what bone are in the limbs
    long
  17. what bones have complex shape
    irregular
  18. what bone are vertebrae, bones of pelvis, and facial bones
    irregulare
  19. what bones are small, flat, and somewhat shaped like a sesame seed
    sesamoid
  20. what bone develops in tendons of knee, hands, and feet
    sesamoid
  21. what bone are small and boxy
    short
  22. what bone are in the carpals and tarsals
    short
  23. what type of bone markings are associated with tendons and ligament attachment
    elevation and projection
  24. what type of bone markings are associated with blood vessels or nerves to lie alongside or penetrate
    depressions, grooves, tunnels
  25. what surface feature has canal or meatus (large passageways)
    skull
  26. what surface feature has process (projection or bump)
    skull
  27. what surface feature has sinus (chamber within bone, usually filled with air)
    skull
  28. what surface feature has foramen (small rounded passageway)
    skull
  29. what surface feature has fissure (enlongated cleft or gap)
    skull
  30. what surface feature has a head (expanded proximal end that forms part of joint)
    humerus and femur
  31. what surface feature has tubercle (small, rounded projection)
    humerus
  32. what surface feature has sulcus (deep, narrow grooves)
    humerus
  33. what surface feature has tuberosity (small, rough, projection; may occupy broad area)
    humerus
  34. what surface feature has diaphysis (shaft, enlongated body)
    humerus and femur
  35. what surface feature has trochlea (smooth, grooved articular process)
    humerus
  36. what surface feature has condyle (smooth, rounded articular process)
    humerus and femur
  37. what surface feature has trochanter (large, rough projection)
    femur
  38. what surface feature has a neck (narrow connection between head and diaphysis)
    femur
  39. what surface feature has facet (small, flat articular surface)
    femur
  40. what surface feature has crest (prominent ridge)
    pelvis
  41. what surface feature has fossa (shallow depression or recess)
    fossa
  42. what surface feature has line (low ridge, more delicate than crest)
    pelvis
  43. what surface feature has spine (pointed or narrow process)
    pelvis
  44. what surface feature has ramus (extension that make angle with rest of structure)
    pelvis

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