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What does the term stress mean?
Reaction from the body and mind to everyday challenges and demand.
Define the term perception?
Act of becoming aware through senses of the body..
How is stress related to perception?
How much stress you feel depends in part on your perception of the events that cause stress.
5 categories of stressors and example of each:
- Biological: illness or injury
- Environmental: poverty or noise
- Thinking: the way you perceive a situation
- Personal Behavior: lack of physical activity, alcohol
- Life situations: trouble with peers or death of a pet
What two systems does your body use to respond to stress?
Nervous system and endocrine system
What is the flight-or-fight response?
- " Alarm response" body's first reaction to stress
- prepares the body to defend itself or flee
List three stages in the stress response, describe what happens in each stage.
Alarm: body and mind go on alert
Resistance: body adjusts to the rush created by alarm and reacts to the stressors.
Fatigue: tired feeling lowers your level of activity and your ability to mange other stressors.
Live five physical reactions included in the alarm response.
Pupil dilation: narrowing of the arteries to internal organs.
Higher Perspiration: higher blood flow to muscles/brain.
Higher heart rate/pulse: higher muscle tension.
Higher blood pressure: release of blood sugar, fats, and cholesterol.
Higher respiration rate
What are three types of fatigue that can affect your body? How does each fatigue occur.m
Physical: when the muscles work for a long period of time
Psychological: constant worry, over worked, depression
Pathological: the body's defense in fighting disease, tiredness brought on by over working.
List three aspects of a persons life that can be affected by stress, give an example of each.
Physical: sleep disorder, headache
Mental/Emotional: mood swings, risk go substance abuse
Social: with relationships with others
Define the term chronic stress.
Associated with long term problems that are beyond a persons control.
Describe two methods you can use to control the effects of chronic stress.
Look for support among your friends, family
Find a hobby or activity that relaxes you