Basic Home Inspection Course (1)501.txt

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Basic Home Inspection Course (1)501.txt
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  1. Limits and Exclusions
    A home inspector should always indicate how long a component should last under normal use. True/False
    False
  2. Standards for pest control state that home inspectors _________.
    Are not required to report on pest
  3. If the client later finds a large crack beneath the living room carpet it would be considered an error. True/False
    False
  4. A home inspector may be found personally liable i he or she __________.
    Offers warranties or guarantees.
  5. Home inspectors may report a known code violation if one is found. True/False
    True
  6. If a normal operating control is unresponsive, the inspector should offer to help repair the control. True/False
    False
  7. If a major repair issue is discovered during an inspection, the inspector is not required to _________.
    Determine the cause
  8. After discovering a major problem, a home inspector is not required to explain how it should be repaired. True/False
    True
  9. A home inspector may not offer engineering recomendations unless the inspector is an engineer. True/False
    True
  10. Determining and reporting on building code compliance is required for all home inspections. True/False
    False
  11. A home inspector is not required to inform the client of _________.
    Property marketability
  12. If an inspector determines that a component is unsafe to operate, he should report the reasons why. True/False
    True
  13. An inspector is not responsible for testing a normal operating control that is hidden from view. True/False
    True
  14. If an inspector finds that the access to a normal operation control is blocked by furniture, the correct response is to __________.
    Report that the control was blocked
  15. It is not the responsibility of the inspector to determine how the property can be used. True/False
    True
  16. A home inspector is not required to inspect _____________.
    Components that are not permanently installed
  17. When testing an air conditioner, a home inspector should only test the ability of the unit to turn on; no observation of the production of air flow is required. True/False
    False
  18. The detection of enviornmental hazards such as radon and asbestos is not the responsibility of the home inspector. True/False
    True
  19. Site and Grounds
    The main purpose of window wells is to allow water to drain away. True/False
    False. It is to allow light and ventilation
  20. Window wells should always be checked for cracks and shifting and ______.
    rust and debris
  21. Your inspection of the site, grounds and grading includes exterior doors. True/False
    False
  22. An example of an outbuilding is a garage. True/False
    False
  23. In a covered patio, ________ should never come in contact with the ground.
    untreated wood supports
  24. Small cracks in sidewalks and driveways represent _________.
    reasonable wear
  25. Codes stipulate that window wells cannot be enclosed in plastic covers. True/False
    False
  26. Retaining walls are used to __________.
    hold back the soil, protect plantings and prevent erosion
  27. Even if they do not block access to panels and shut-off valves, flower gardens and shrubs should never be planted right next to the foundation. True/False
    True
  28. Unreasonable wear to a driveway or sidewalk would be _________.
    uneven areas, cracks that are spreading, and sunken areas
  29. The guardrail on all modern _________ should be at least 36 inches high.
    raised decks
  30. The only reason inspectors start with the grounds inspection is because it is the first area they see. True/False
    False
  31. Decks require a guardrail if the deck is raised higher than 36 inches. True/False
    False. Guardrails are required at more than 30 inches.
  32. The ground should slope away from the house approximately ______________.
    1 inch per foot for 6 feet, or 6 inches within 10 feet
  33. All surfaces of untreated wood require ________ to resist rot.
    the regular application of oil based paint or special chemicals.
  34. Patios and terraces typically have a _________ foundation.
    concrete
  35. The driveway should always be sloped towards the house. True/False
    False
  36. Trees and shrubs should be inspected when _________.
    they can affect the building
  37. Steps that meet the building are often made of concrete that can ________ due to the steps and the house settling at different rates over the years.
    crack or move away from the house
  38. Tree roots can result in ________ when the trees are within 6 feet of the house.
    substantial foundation problems
  39. Home inspectors should note whether or not retaining walls contain ______.
    weep holes
  40. A deck or patio cannot normally be added to a home unless a building permit is obtained. True/False
    True
  41. Fences made of wood should not _______.
    be in direct contact with the ground
  42. An effective way to control ________ is to add downspout extensions.
    roof water
  43. It is difficult if not impossible for a retaining wall to be damaged from exposure to roots. True/False
    False
  44. The terms deck and patio are used interchangeably. True/False
    False
  45. Flaking or crumbling in concrete is called _______.
    spalling
  46. The main factor causing retaining walls to slowly wear away and eventually deteriorate is rain and snow. True/False
    False. It is due to pressure buildup behind the wall
  47. A French drain is sometimes installed to replace a storm sewer. True/False
    False. It is installed to move water away from the foundation
  48. Exterior and Structure
    It is not necessary to have a weather-protective cap over a chimmney. True/False
    False
  49. The exterior inspection includes wall coverings flashing, trim, and exterior doors. True/False
    True
  50. Wood shingles should only have a protective semi-transparent stain that allows the shingles to breath rather than ________ which can trap in moisture.
    paint
  51. The best kind of foundation to use in ________ is pier and beam.
    expansive soils
  52. The soffits in a house contain widows. True/False
    False. They contain vents
  53. The purpose of post or colomns in a house is to ________.
    support the beams above them
  54. If the gas has been shut off at the main valve, make a note of it, but do not turn the gas on since you cannot be certain why it is off. True/False
    True
  55. Painted surfaces on homes constructed ____________ may contain lead.
    prior to 1978
  56. There should be no _________ around the window frame that are uncaulked.
    gaps or openings
  57. A concrete slab on grade is a popular foundation type, and is often used in areas with non-expansive soil. True/False
    True
  58. Downspouts contect to gutters and allow _________.
    water to flow away from the house
  59. Earth-to-wood contact invites infestation and damage to the building elements; therefore, there should be ________ between earth and wood.
    a 6 inch clearance
  60. Over time, caulking around the exterior trim will start to _______.
    dry, shrink and pull loose
  61. The exterior wall covering should be checked for ____________.
    rot and decay, surface deflections, and peeling paint
  62. Exterior widows should be inspected for defects that can cause __________.
    water damage
  63. Expansive soils are very dangerous for foundations because they expand when wet and contract when dry. True/False
    True
  64. All modern exterior receptacles must be low voltage. True/False
    False
  65. Structural components are the parts of the house that support _____________.
    variable and non-variable loads
  66. It is impossible for a home inspector to detect the presence or absence of lead paint. True/False
    True
  67. A common problem with aluminum sliding is __________.
    loose sections or missing trim, dents, cuts and stains and an oxidized, chalking finish
  68. Inspectors are required to inspect the exterior of garages and carports, whether they are attatched to the house or detatched. True/False
    True
  69. You will find ______ soil in many areas of Texas and Colorado.
    expansive
  70. Holes or deflections in sliding material can be ________ to prevent deterioration from moisture
    caulked and sealed
  71. The primary function of eaves is to provide ventilation. True/False
    False. They direct water away from the sides of the house
  72. One major problem with exterior doors is the deterioration of weather stripping over time. True/False
    True
  73. Record all settlement cracks within the foundation and note them as hairline, minor, moderate, larger than average, etc. True/False
    True
  74. Roof and Components
    One big problem with cheaply or improperly installed slate roofs is nail fasteners that have rusted through. True/False
    True
  75. A style of roof with two pitched roofs back to back that form a triangular roof is called a ______.
    Gable
  76. Step flashing protects the joints between roofs and domer walls and chimmneys. True/False
    True
  77. You would not want to walk on a roof when _________.
    The roof has wood shakes, the roof is wet, and/or the shingles are brittle.
  78. Gutters and downspouts are commonly made of ________.
    Brass or lead
  79. Asphalt and fiberglass shingles are usually OK to walk on if the roof is not too steep. True/False
    True
  80. It is essential that you describe the methods you used to inspect the roof. True/Flase
    True
  81. Asphalt and fiberglass shingles should be hard and brittle rather than soft and pliable. True/False
    False
  82. Part of the roof inspection is to record the number of layers of shingles you find. True/False
    True
  83. A style of roof with a single pitched surface that allows rain and snow to run off easily is called a _________.
    Shed
  84. It is generally OK to walk on a slate roof so long as it is not steeply sloped. True/False
    False
  85. Mansard style of roof is similar to a hip roof, but with a coupled plane. True/False
    True
  86. The roof inspection should include an inspection of the chimmney and chimmney flashing visable above the roof surface. True/False
    True
  87. A walk on the roof reveals details about the __________.
    Shingles, flashing, and vent pipes
  88. It is important that shingles over hang the roof rakes by at least 3/8 inch or more. True/False
    True
  89. The purpose of the roof flashing is to _________.
    Keep out water
  90. A hip roof has all planes of the roof angled or sloped. True/False
    True
  91. Problems with roofs on newer homes are mainly due to _________.
    Improper installation
  92. It is impossible to determine the condition of a metal roof if it is coated with tar. True/False
    True
  93. It is important that the downspouts fit securely so that water is directed away from the house. True/False
    True
  94. Viewing a roof from a distance can reveal ____________.
    A sagging ridgeling, if one end is higher than the other, and/or if there are humps in the plane surface.
  95. The top of a chimmney flue liner should be visable beneath the chimmney cap. True/False
    True
  96. A barn-style roof with breaks in the planes is called a saltbox. True/False
    False
  97. The greatest enemy of a wood shingle roof is ______.
    Mildew
  98. A properly installed skylight should be cloudy in appearance. True/False
    False
  99. Roof types that are hazardous to walk on include concrete shingles and tile. True/False
    True
  100. A roof rated satisfactory means that the roof is satisfactory for its age and general level of usefulness. True/False
    True
  101. If the gutters fill up with leaves, you may find significant water damage to the ___________.
    Sills, floorboards, sheathing, studs, and/or paint on the siding
  102. Asphalt roll roofing is most often used for low-pitched areas of roofs. True/False
    True
  103. It is normally acceptable to have up to 3 layers of asphalt or fiberglass shingles from prior re-roofings. True/False
    False
  104. Asphalt and fiberglass shingles are normally instatlled about ________ apart.
    1/8 or 1/16 inches
  105. The condition when water cause damage to foundation walls by expansion and contraction of water and ice is called soil frost action. True/False
    True
  106. A flat roof style has a slight pitch drain off water but is mostly flat. True/False
    True
  107. A sign that asphalt or fiberglass shingles are deteriorating is when they start to _________.
    Claw, curl, or lift up
  108. It is generally OK to walk on most flat roofs and low-pitched roofs with asphalt shingles. True/False
    True
  109. A style of roof that has a short front gable roof and gently sloping rear roof is a __________.
    Salt box
  110. One way to verify if there are roof leaks is to view roof sheathing from the attic. True/False
    True
  111. The only accepted method to inspect a roof is to walk on it. True/False
    False
  112. When you cannot walk on a roof, the next best thing is to observe the roof from the top of a ladder. True/False
    True
  113. The main difference between an electric and a gas water heater is the size of the storage tank. True/False
    False
  114. The rate of flow from an open fixture at the highest level of the home while another fixture is being used simutaneously is called _________.
    Functual flow
  115. Most sewer pipes go into the basement floor and out to the sewer, 10 feet below the street level. True/False
    True
  116. Home inspectors are required to measure water pressure using a calibrated gauge to ensure that water flows at a reasonable rate. True/False
    False
  117. Without adequate support, pipes will sag or droop over time. True/False
    True
  118. Plumbing is the one part of home construction that has undergone change over the years. True/False
    True
  119. Electric water heaters should have writing that is properly secured and connected using Romex Clamps or B/X Clamps. True/False
    True
  120. It is common to find what kind of plumbing system in older homes
    Lead piping, cast-iron, and or galvanized steel.
  121. The noise and vibration of a water hammer in the plumming system is not that serious. True/False
    False
  122. It is the home inspector's responsibility to record the location of the main shut off valve. True/False
    True
  123. The proper type of PVC or ABS pipes that should be used in the house are ___________.
    Schedual 40
  124. The bathroom sink and bath faucets should be aligned with the hot water control on the right and the cold water control to the left. True/False
    False
  125. The water source for the property can legally originate from __________.
    A private well, a public source, or a shelled well
  126. A toilet fixture should have at least __________ of clearence in front of it.
    24 inches
  127. The home inspector must verify that the main shut off valve is accessible and shuts off properly. True/False
    False
  128. Every plumbing fixture must be connected to a plumbing vent that terminates above the roof level. True/False
    True
  129. Physical connections between potable water and any other source of contamination are called cross connections. True/False
    True
  130. You should be able to find all working, accessable shut-off valves beneath all sinks and toilets. True/False
    True
  131. The water entrance material will generally not be made of ____________.
    Cast iron
  132. The vent system flues, fixtures, and supports are all included in the home's plumbing. True/False
    True
  133. Piping material that can cause serious problems include polybutylene and galvanized steel. True/False
    True
  134. If you inspect a plumbing system that was installed before 1986, it could be made of lead. True/False
    True
  135. The type of drainage material used in most modern homes is ___________.
    Plastic
  136. For proper water pressure, the entrance size should be no less than 5/8 inch. True/False
    False
  137. If the heat exchanger is a gas or oil burner, check it for __________.
    The presence of a flue vent and evidence of back-drafting and/or scorch marks
  138. A great concern about plumbing that runs through open crawlspaces is water damage. True/False
    False
  139. Galvanized pipes cannot be connected to a dissimilar metal or the connection will deteriorate and corrode. True/False
    True
  140. Plumbing is the one part of home construction that has changed the least over the years. True/False
    False
  141. Pipes inside modern homes can be made of ____________.
    Plastic, galvanized steel, copper, or brass
  142. The drainage trap that prevents sewer gases from backing up through the plumbing is called an L-Trap. True/False
    False
  143. If the water flow is good at the bath but poor at the sink, check for a partially open supply valve and/or a clogged aerator. True/False
    True
  144. Your inspection of the plumbing system does not include ductwork. True/False
    True
  145. When a fixture drains in a reasonable amount of time without overflowing when the water is turned on, it is called functional drainage. True/False
    True
  146. All water heaters inside the house should hold 60 or more gallons. True/False
    False
  147. Electrical Systems
    Electrical code requires that all spliced wire should be enclosed and properly secured inside junction boxes with cover plates on them. True/False
    True
  148. The electric service entry cable is usually located on the exterior wall or basement wall that ____________.
    Faces the street
  149. If the home inspector finds a tripped ciruit breaker, he should breifly test the circuit to determine the problem. True/False
    False
  150. A home inspector should change defective light bulbs during the inspection during the inspection to be sure the light fixture is functional. True/False
    False
  151. Electrical code requires that every room must have either a ceiling light fixture, or an outlet controlled by a wall switch at the door that can turn on a light. True/False
    True
  152. Modern homes need to have a circuit capcity of no less than 60 amps. True/False
    False
  153. A GFCI outlet is designed to shut off power immediately if it senses a ground fault. True/False
    True
  154. For the voltage and capcity to be the same, the rating of the main panel and the size of the main disconnect breaker must ____________.
    Match the service components
  155. BX wire is easy to identify because it is encased in plastic. True/False
    False
  156. Any electrical wiring you encounter that appears amateur, unsafe, or dangerous should be approached with caution, no matter how trivial the item may seem. True/False
    True
  157. If a mast holds the wires the mast should be well-anchored to the house and there should be a ___________.
    Drip loop
  158. Testing a representative number of identical outlets and fixtures means testing one per room. True/False
    True
  159. The main panel and any sub panels should be located __________.
    Inside or outside the garage in the house, or in the basement or the crawlspace
  160. GFCI outlets should not be used to power _________.
    Sump Pumps
  161. The service line entrance is easy to check visually because all service lines enter the house overhead. True/False
    False
  162. The biggest saftey issue with fuse boxes is when home owners bypass the safety protection by overfusing a circuit with a higher ampage fuse. True/False
    True
  163. If more that one service box exist, and the main capcity from outside runs directly into the first box, the total capcity is half the sum of two. True/False
    False
  164. Types of older writing that are no longer used in modern homes include knock-and-tube and wooden raceway. True/False
    True
  165. For multi-wired circuits, red and black wires must tap from ___________.
    Opposite busses
  166. For an underground service, it is normal to have a gap between the house and the back of the steel channel box that brings the service up out of the ground. True/False
    False
  167. The service conductor entrance material is normally composed of copper aluminum. True/False
    True
  168. If labeling is missing or unclear for circuits inside the main panel, a home inspector should recommend that a licensed electricial trace the circuits and lable them. True/False
    True
  169. The capcity of the electrical service depends upon the ______________.
    Rating of both the main panel and the meter box, as well as the size and rating of the service cable
  170. If the service entrance cable is aluminum, you should observe antioxident paste on attatching the lugs to prevent corrosion. True/False
    True
  171. In new construction, GFCI are required by code in _____________.
    Kitchens, bathrooms, and outdoor receptacles
  172. Grounding generally means running a wire to the outside of the main box. True/False
    False
  173. Romex wire is easy to identify because it is encased in a steel armor. True/False
    False. It is encased in plastic
  174. Bonding means running a wire from the neutural bar in a panel to the cold water line. True/False
    True
  175. Circuitry that branches throughout the home on seperate, overload-protected circuits is called __________.
    Branch wiring
  176. Modern service entry cable consist of two lines wrapped around a bare neutural cable. True/False
    True
  177. You should check for the presence of smoke detectors and test them whenever found. True/False
    False
  178. Aluminum lower branch wiring in older homes may present a fire hazard due to contact with dissimilar metals. True/False
    True
  179. Only one GFCI is usually needed per circuit (per breaker or fuse). True/False
    True. A fault will trip all GFCIs on a circuit, so while having more than one is not a problem, one is sufficient.
  180. A GFCI will not do anything on an old two wire circuit, since there is only hot and neutural, with no ground wire. True/False
    False
  181. Attic Inspection
    Condensation does not necessarily mean that a roof is leaking; it could also indicate a ventilation problem. True/False
    True
  182. Attic access methods include ___________.
    Pull-down ladders, stairs, and scuttle holes
  183. All openings greater than 1/8 inch must be screened to prevent insect penetration and louvered to protect against the entrance of rain or snow. True/False
    True
  184. Horizantal timbers supporting the rafters of a roof are called rafter timbers. True/False
    False
  185. The term shiners refers to improperly placed nails that missed the trusses and are sticking through the sheathing. True/False
    True
  186. You should not inspect attics above cathedral ceilings even when a hatch exist due to the safety hazards involved. True/False
    False
  187. It is not unusual for daylight to leak around flashed areas, but the light should not be entering from downhill visible gaps. True/False
    False
  188. Evidence of a previous fire in the attic could include ________.
    A strong odor, charred and/or painted wood.
  189. Heating ducts, bathroom vent ducts, and wiring conduits are often visible in the attic. True/False
    True
  190. Typical mechanical ventillation systems in attics include __________,
    Wind turbines, whole house fans, and attic fans
  191. In some homes there may be no access to an attic. True/False
    True
  192. Common types of attic insulation include ___________.
    Foam, batts, rolled
  193. An unfinished attic reveals the roof structure, insulation, and ventilation along with the __________.
    Plumbing, the interior chimney, and the electrical wiring
  194. The ceiling frame is typically coverd by blown-in insulation or rolled batts insulation. True/False
    True
  195. As a general rule, one square foot of net, free vent area per 300 square foot of attic floor or area to be vented is recommended. True/False
    True
  196. Examples of attics that cannot be fully inspected include attics with low clearance and fully vaulted ceilings. True/False
    True
  197. Signs of attic moisture and mildew may include discoloration on the support boards. True/False
    True
  198. The ceiling frame typically supports the living space ___________.
    directly below the attic
  199. Asbestos insulation in the attic of older homes is easy to identify becuase of its density and graying appearance. True/False
    False
  200. Truss roof systems are often altered and converted into living or storage spaces when needed. True/False
    False
  201. Ducted vent fans from bathrooms or kitchens that run into the attic must always terminate outside the house. True/False
    True
  202. When inspection an attic with a scuttle hole, an inspector will most likely need a/an ________.
    Step ladder
  203. There is no purpose for insulating an unfinished attic ceiling (between the rafter spaces) unless the attic is heated or occupied. True/False
    True
  204. If the roof surface is seriously leaking, a home inspector may find:
    sheathing that has visibl holes, has buckled, or is deteriorated
  205. If attic access is blocked or sealed, or covered with personal belongings, a home inspector should move what is easily movable. True/False
    False
  206. One of the primary causes of attic moisture problems is an inadequate attic ventilation system. True/False
    True
  207. A conventional rafter system is easy to identify because of the presence of collar ties and ridge beams. True/False
    True
  208. Typical types of attic ventilation include _____________.
    Soffit vents, gable louvers, and ridge vents
  209. Truss wood that has been treated with fire retardant may suffer from deterioration. True/False
    True
  210. It is a home inspector's jon to measure both the depth of the insulation and its insulation R-value. True/False
    False
  211. Because of reduced code requirements for attics, it is OK to find exposed electrical connectors or open junction boxes. True/False
    False
  212. Condensation may freeze leaving a frost coating on the roof structure, which will eventually melt and be mistaken for a roof leak. True/False
    True
  213. Truss frames are easily identifiable because of their webbed appearance. True/False
    True
  214. The primary tool neede to inspect the attic is a tape measure. True/False
    False
  215. An average insulation depth in most modern homes is 6-12 inches. True/False
    True
  216. It is OK to find trusses cut away by a home owner to make room for components such as TV antennas, vents, or skylights. True/False
    False
  217. Roof leaks near vent pipes and chimneys are usually due to sub-standard construction materials. True/False
    False. Such leaks usually occur due to failed or improperly installed flashing
  218. It is acceptable to inspect an unfinished attic from the access opening when deep insulations prevents walking in it safely.True/False
    True
  219. In residential construction, the roof cords are the material directly supporting the roof covering structure. True/False
    False
  220. A conventional rafter system is fould in the majority of homes. True/False
    False
  221. A home inspector should identify the type and depth of isulation, and whether insulation is installed in the floor, the rafters, or a combination of both. True/False
    True
  222. Inadequate ventilation in an attic can result in deterioration of the roof deck. True/False
    True
  223. Insulation and Ventilation
    If the damper is open or missing in the fireplace flue, warm air that rises may leak back into the house. True/False
    False
  224. An R-factor greater that 19 should be found in most __________.
    Ceilings
  225. Heated crawlspaces and basements do not need vents to the outside. True/False
    True
  226. Inspection insulation and vetilation occurs mainly while you are inspection the exterior of the home. True/False
    False
  227. If fumes and smoke leak out when a burner is first turned on, then there may be an obscured chimney flue and insufficient chimney draft. True/False
    True
  228. An R-factor of R11 to R15 would be adequate for most ceilings. True/False
    False
  229. Water vapor that condenses inside a building cavity can lead to __________.
    Mildew, rot problems, and mold
  230. The unit of measurment that indicates the insulating value in a home is called _________.
    R-factor
  231. A thing layer of plastic designed to minimize the amount of water vapor passing through it is called a blanket barrier. True/False
    False
  232. There should be at least two screened vents in an unheated crawlspace. True/False
    True
  233. A proper flue should gernerally be 6-8 inches in diameter and made of _________.
    Stainless steel or flue tiles
  234. A typical problem you may find in a crawlspace is gaps in the insulation beneath the floor or sub floor. True/False
    True
  235. The flue connector from a fireplace or furnace should be at lease ______ away from any combustiles such as wood flooring.
    10 inches
  236. The most likely place to find exposed wall and ceiling insulation is __________.
    In an unfinished basement
  237. Fireplace and wood stove chimney flues have to be cleaned regularly because soot and creosote will accumulate and cause serious damage. True/False
    True
  238. Vapor diffusion retarders should always be found covering the earth in _________.
    Unheated crawlspaces
  239. Ducted kitchen and bathroom ventilation fans should vent to ____________.
    a roof vent
  240. The higher the R-factor, the greater the insulating value. True/False
    True
  241. A condition that indicates water is leaking into the chimney gap is called _______.
    Efflorescence
  242. ____________ must always terminate at least 6 inches above teh roofline.
    Plumbing vents
  243. Interior Components
    It is normal for floors to have a lot of bounce, which indicates good construction materials. True/False
    False
  244. Chimneys should be cleaned ________.
    Once a year
  245. The color and texture or the ceiling material are indications of its properties. True/False
    True
  246. Free-standing fireplaces must have at least a 2 foot clearance betwen hot metal surfaces and combustible materials within the building. True/False
    False. The requirement is four feet
  247. One method of inspecting flooring is to look for uncarpeted spaces. True/False
    True
  248. A door that does not latch closed is OK so long as the door fits correctly into the door jamb. True/False
    False
  249. It is the home inspector's responsibility to inform the client about the presence or absence of environmental hazards in the flooring. True/False
    False
  250. Aluminum sliding windows are most commonly found on homes built in the _______.
    1950's
  251. One problem when evaluating hardwood floors is determining if it is real hardwood or laminate. True/False
    True
  252. When inspecting exterior doors, make sure that the door __________.
    Has no rot, fits tightly, and is insulated
  253. Common flooring materials include _________.
    Softwood, plywood, and hardwood.
  254. Chimneys are much more efficient when lined, but lining is not a requirement. True/False
    False
  255. Flooring material can also be observed from __________.
    An unfinished basement or crawlspace
  256. Textured, acoustic sprayed ceiling installed before 1979 are likely to contain __________.
    Asbestos
  257. To comply with fire safety requirments, the fireplace mantel should be at least 12 inches above the top of the firebox opening. True/False
    True
  258. If the floors are covered by carpet and you cannot observe the material beneath, use your best judgment to determine the type of flooring. True/False
    False
  259. A solid wood paneled door should be checked for splitting and loose joints. True/False
    True
  260. The most common type of flooring used in new constuction is hardwood. True/False
    False
  261. The wall surfaces should be checked for _________.
    Loose areas, cracks, and flacking and/or peeling paint
  262. A ceiling that contails asbestos is a significant health hazard regardless of the condition of the material. True/False
    False
  263. The most common types of windows are __________.
    Casement, double hung, fixed and sliding
  264. One method to test the integrity of flooring is to drop your heel. True/False
    True
  265. Good indications of water damage to a ceiling are __________.
    Cracks, sagging, and staining
  266. Parquet flooring, made of strips of wood glued into nine inch square blocks, is extremely sensitive to _________.
    Moisture damage
  267. If the door fram does not close in the jamb, then the door is probably ___________.
    Out-of-square
  268. The fireplace must have _________.
    A working damper
  269. Drywall nail pops indicate severe structural deterioration of the walls. True/False
    False
  270. Double-hung vinyl windows provide effective insulations and protection from drafts. True/False
    True
  271. Common types of fireplaces include __________.
    Free standing, wood-burning stove, and metal prefab.
  272. The condition of walls behind wall coverings, paneling and furnishings cannot be judged. True/False
    True
  273. If the window has insulated glass, make sure that the cavity has not fogged. True/False
    True
  274. Your inspection of the interior does not include ___________.
    Water lines
  275. The most common defect found when inspecting hollow-cored doors is __________.
    Impact damage
  276. Very old houses may have walls covered by plaster on wood lath. True/False
    True
  277. Each bedroom must have one egress window that opens easily and is not higher than _______ abover the floor.
    44 inches
  278. Indications that the structure has shifted over an uneven support over time are doors that are out-of-square and cracks in the walls. True/False
    True
  279. It is a good idea to infor a client that and older, acoustic sprayed ceiling is likely to contain asbestos. True/False
    True
  280. Common materials used to form interior walls include __________.
    Gypsum, masonry, and plaster
  281. Ceiling stains beneath the attic are almost always indications of roof leaks. True/False
    False
  282. If the floor is hardwood, it may be difficult to determine the exact condition of the flooring. True/False
    True
  283. Floor tiles in some older homes may be made of wood lath. True/False
    False
  284. You can tell if the glass in a window is tempered glass because it is slightly cloudy. True/False
    False. It will be etched with the word "tempered".
  285. Tempered glass is less expensive than regular glass, which makes it very popular. True/False
    False. It is more expensive and safer that regular glass, and is required in certain areas for safety
  286. Sink faucets may have low water pressure due to _________.
    Partially closed supply valves and or clogged aerators
  287. Old refrigerators with defrosting systems can leak water, or water can be leaking from loose connections to icemakers. True/False
    True
  288. The minimum required amount of clearence in front of a toilet fixture is ________
    24 inches
  289. National standars do not require inspectores to test houshold appliances because it is difficult to determine their age and working condition. True/False
    True
  290. Bathrooms with windows are not required to have ventilation fans. True/False
    True
  291. Kitchen fans with ductwork can vent safely to the exterior or into the attic. True/False
    False
  292. Shut-off valves beneath sinks and toilets should be functional and must be checked to make sure they are not corroded in place. True/False
    False.The guideline is to verify they are present, inspectors do not need to verify the operation
  293. Kitchen cabinets and countertops should be evaluated based on their size and weight
    True/False
  294. The most common place for mildew straining to occur is __________,
    On the ceiling, beside the tub or the rim joint, and under the toilet
  295. Sink faucets that are properly aligned will have the hot water control on the right and the cold water control on the left. True/False
    False
  296. A bathroom with only a sink and a toilet would be rated as 3/4 bathroom. True/False
    False
  297. The most common defect found in most bathrooms is caulking that has pulled away. True/False
    True
  298. One problem with kitchen sinks is that the caulking material deteriorates over time. True/False
    True
  299. Modern codes require that all bathrooms must be upgraded to GFCI outlets regardless of when the home was built. True/False
    False
  300. A bathroom with a toilet, sink and shower only would be rated as a _____ bathroom.
    3/4
  301. One method to check the adhesion of ceramic wall tiles is to _________.
    Tap on them
  302. During the inspection of the toilet fixture; a hime inspector should check around the joint between the tank and the bowl for leaks. True/False
    True
  303. Kitchen flooring material commonly consist of __________.
    Wood, carpet, tile, or linoleum
  304. The condition of the appliances, lighting and windows is the primary focus of the kitchen inspection. True/False
    False
  305. If you include built-in appliances in your inspection you should _______.
    Record the model and age
  306. One method to test a toilet fixture is to close the lid sit down on it, then rock back and forth for stability. True/False
    True
  307. Ceramic tile installed in mastic must be kept caulked or water will seep behind the tile and cause deterioration in the wall board. True/False
    True
  308. All kitchen sinks must have properly functioning supply line with shut-off valve. True/False
    True
  309. Common types of built-in tubs include _________.
    Stall showers, leg tubs, and whirlpool tubs.
  310. Inspecting a representative number of cabinets and drawers in a kitchen means checking one each of identical components. True/False
    True
  311. The type of material(s) most often used for bathroom floors is _________.
    Ceramic tile and vinyl
  312. Common materials that make up the walls surrounding the bath are ________.
    Ceramic tiles, or fiberglass or plastic walls
  313. All sink drains and tub drains must have a properly installed _______.
    P-trap
  314. It is OK for kitchen sink drains with attatched dishwasher lines to use a double P-Trap. True/False
    False
  315. For safety reasons, all receptacles in the bathroom should be GFCI protcted to avoid accidental electrocution from electric devices that come in contact with water. True/False
    True
  316. Signs of excess condensation and a lack of ventilation are often peeling, flaking paint and swollen, sagging panels. True/False
    True
  317. Evidence of kitchen sink leaks can usually be observed beneath the sink area. True/False
    True
  318. If a ventilation fan has ductwork, make sure it does not terminate _________.
    Inside the attic
  319. Countertop kitchen receptacles near any sink should always be GFCIs for maximum safety. True/False
    True
  320. Basement and Crawlspace
    If you observe basement wood framing covered with aluminum paint, it could indicate a past fire. True/False
    True
  321. In an unfinished basement you can generally observe _______.
    Exposed piping, exposed insulation, wiring, and framing
  322. True sub-flooring can be observed in older homes and is made of either planks or plywood. True/False
    True
  323. If a home inspector observes large cracks that appear to result from an unstable foundation, he should recomend that the foundation be underpinned. True/False
    False
  324. Finished basements should have some type of insulation in the basement walls. True/False
    True
  325. Basements stairs should have a solid hand rail and should be properly lightened. True/False
    True
  326. Pier and post foundations with beams or girders, must have at least a 4 inch bearing on the foundation. True/False
    True
  327. Signs of moisture damage to basement wall coverings could be _________.
    Staining, buckling, mold, or mildew
  328. The number of post of columns under a mean should be adequate enough to avoid excessive spans. True/False
    True
  329. A window joist protects an areaway outside the house from the weather. True/False
    False
  330. Foundation cracks at least _______ wide that extend all the way through to the outside wall are very serious
    1/4 inch
  331. In a crawlspace, you should find insulation attatched beneath the sub floor. True/False
    True
  332. If a basement contains asbestos, it will usually be located __________.
    On heat pipe coverings
  333. Problems with wood columns include __________.
    Insect infestations, moisture, and rot
  334. It is possible that crawlspace insulation or finished ceilings may prevent you from seeing the floor framing. True/False
    True
  335. Basements and crawlspaces can have concrete or dirt floors as well as open or closed walls. True/False
    True
  336. The existance of a new sump pump is always a sign that a waterproofing job has been done in the basement. True/False
    False
  337. A vapor diffusion retarder is a thin layer if polyethylene plastic that minimizes harmful condensation on the sub floor boards below the house. True/False
    True
  338. Common materials used for basement columns include ___________.
    Wood, steel, concrete and masonry
  339. The 2X6 or 2X8 board that is bolted to the top of the foundation walls is called a sill plate. True/False
    True
  340. In newer homes you should be able to see adhesive squished out between the plywood and the joists to help make the floor more solid. True/False
    True
  341. Masonry walls can have missing mortar between the blocks so long as the walls themselves are not bucking or crumbling. True/False
    False
  342. Subtle clues of a leaky basement include ________.
    Walls that are damp to the touch, a noticeable musty smell, and stored items raised off the floor
  343. Asbestos coverings in basements left undisturbed do not pose a significant health risk. True/False
    True
  344. Basement floor joist can be made of __________.
    Plywood web joist, conventional lumber, or fabricated truss joist
  345. If the columns in a basement or crawlspace are wood, they should be buried under the concrete floor. True/False
    True
  346. Below grade basement windows must have _______ on the exterior.
    Window wells
  347. The purpose of columns in basements and crawlspaces it to support the walls of the house. True/False
    False
  348. If the basement walls are concrete, displacement between opposite sides of a crack can indicate _________.
    A structural problem
  349. A home inspector is not required to report the presence or absence of asbestos in a basement. True/False
    True
  350. If a crawlspace has been expanded into a basement and there is no offset, the foundation could ________.
    Lose structural integrity
  351. The device that when triggered pumps excess basement water up and out of the house is called a/an ________.
    Sump pump
  352. Large cracks in the basement floor where one side appears to pull away could indicate the compacting of fill dirt and/or the presence of an underground spring. True/False
    True
  353. Potential problems with masonry columns are __________.
    Leaning, crumbing, amd wood shims that have compressed
  354. The wood that is nailed to the floor joist and covered by carpet, linoleum, or tile etc., is called the __________.
    Sub flooring
  355. If crawlspace insulation between the joists is installed upsided down, it can trap moisture. True/False
    True
  356. A sump pump should always be connected to a GFCI circuit to prevent short circuits. True/False
    False
  357. A basement ceiling may be open and exposed, or closed off by a finished surface such as drywall. True/False
    True
  358. Basement stairs should be substantial and well-build with 3 stringers. True/False
    True
  359. Unheated crawlspaces require a plastic vapor diffusion retarder over a ________ floor.
    Dirt
  360. Basement water damage generally results from improper grading or lack of drainage systems in the vicinity of the house. True/False
    True
  361. Evidence of a leaky basement that is very noticeable includes __________.
    Black mildew on the walls, patches of mineral efflorescence, or stains on the surfaces
  362. Hairline vertical cracks along the mortar joins and concrete blocks are generally not serious. True/False
    True
  363. It is normal to find recently installed support columns in the basement because it gives the house added strength. True/False
    False
  364. Basement apartments must have a ceiling height of at least 7 1/2 feet over 70% of the area, and a 1/2 inch fire code drywall ceiling. True/False
    True
  365. A problem with steel columns is ________.
    Rusting
  366. You should make certain that the basement has a floor drain. True/False
    True
  367. The type of basement or crawlspace in a home can be _________.
    Partial, full, on a concrete slab, or there may not be a basement or crawlspace.
  368. Like full basements, crawlspaces require care and water control. True/False
    True
  369. Large horizantal cracks that have caused the wall to bow out stem from pressure building up behind the wall from the outside. True/False
    True
  370. Concrete basement floors should have a proper _______ slab with no large, conspicuous cracks.
    4 inch
  371. If the basement foundation walls are brick, the horizantal lines should be level. True/False
    True
  372. The boards above the basements or crawlspace that support the floor are called _________.
    Floor joists
  373. Basement floors may be bare earth, concrete brick, or even covered with gravel. True/False
    True
  374. Garage and Carport
    It is acceptable for the separation wall in an attached garage to have an egress window. True/False
    False
  375. Special consideration for attached garages include:
    Rated doors and firewall protection
  376. Most garages do not have ventilation systems unless the garage has been converted into living or working space. True/False
    True
  377. An automatic door opener should have its own GFCI receptacle to prevent electrical shorts. True/False
    False
  378. Electrical code requires GFCI outlets inside all newly constructed attached garages. True/False
    True
  379. If the garages has a finished ceiling, it is impossible to observe the garage roof structure. True/False
    False
  380. When inspecting the outside of a garage, use the same procedures you followed to inspect the exterior of the home. True/False
    True
  381. On an attached garage, the door between the garage and the house interior should be a steel or solid wood door that is __________.
    1-3/4 inches thick, fire-rated, and self-closing
  382. Cracks that are not acceptable in cement garage floors are cracks that open up and pull away from each other. True/False
    True
  383. It is acceptable to have a bedroom door exiting to the garage as an emergence exit. True/False
    False
  384. Garage doors that slide open overhead should have _________ inside the lift springs.
    Safety cables
  385. Attached garage ceilings can have no openings and must be made of one-hour firewall if adjacent to any interior living space. True/False
    True
  386. The garage often has more defects than the house because it is closer to the street. True/False
    False. There are more defects because owners put off repairs
  387. There are more requirments when inspecting an attached garage compared to a detached garage. True/False
    True
  388. It is acceptable to have small holes or gaps for cables in a separation firewall so long as they are 1/4 inch in diameter or smaller. True/False
    False
  389. It is an inspector's job to test the automatic reverse mechanism on automatic door openers. True/False
    True
  390. Improper drainage on the sides of the garage can lead to moisture problems, just as they can in the house. True/False
    True
  391. The inside of the garage should be inspected the same way that the interior of the house was inspected. True/False
    True
  392. If the garage is attatched, the separation wall surrface on the garage side should consist of __________.
    Either 1/2 inch or 5/8 inch drywall depending on the building code
  393. Conducting Inspection
    The inspector should have the client sign a pre-inspection agreement before performing any part of the inspection. True/False
    True
  394. A pre-inspection agreement list the scope, limits, and exclusions so that a client cannot later hold the inspector liable for __________.
    Items outside the scope of inspection
  395. Arriving at the inspection property ahead of the client gives the inspector a chance to ________.
    Get a feel for the property, anticipate potential problems, and look at houses that surround the property
  396. When arriving at the property, the inspector should quickly examine the exterior for _______.
    Immediate drainage problems, obstacles that might complicate the inspection, and the location of the various roof penetrations
  397. If the client attends the inspection, the inspector should offer a personal greeting, present the client with a business card, and make the client feel at ease. True/False
    True
  398. When reviewing procedures with the client, the inspector should offer to repair any problems found. True/False
    False
  399. It is important for an inspector to act professionally with all parties because the inspector should be perceived as an impartial third party. True/False
    True
  400. If a home owner becomes nervous during an inspection and begins asking questions or making demands, the inspector should calmly and politely explain the visual nature of the inspection. True/False
    True
  401. The inspector should encourage the client to be present during the inspection if possible. True/False
    True
  402. Under ordinary conditions, a typical home inspection begins on the outside of the house depending on the preferences of the inspector. True/False
    True
  403. If the home looks structurally out of the ordinary, it is most likely that a previous homeowner _________.
    Modified the house or put on an addition
  404. If an addition was put on and no permit exist, a municipal building inspector will have to examine the work and order repairs or upgrades if violations are found or issue an as-built permit if the work is acceptable. True/False
    True
  405. During the inspection, a good way for an inspector to take notes and document conditions is to __________.
    Sketch problem areas, use an audio or video recorder, and/or a digital camera
  406. Completing a home inspection report from memory, or just writing down the problems you find, may lead to __________.
    Errors, omissions, and/or litigation
  407. Adding digital photos to your inspection report can help you preserve the home's comdition on the day of the inspection and identify the weather condtions and obstacles. True/False
    True
  408. If a client follows an inspector througout all part of the inspection, the inspector should caution the client that certain areas may be hazardous and be couteous and answer all the client's questions. True/False
    True
  409. If an inspector encounters a client who attempts to direct the focus of the inspection process, the inspector should stop the inspection should stop the inspection process and do what the client desires. True/False
    False. The inspector should offer to adress the client's concerns at the end of the inspection
  410. If the client is not present, it is acceptable to discuss your findings with other parties who are present. True/False
    False
  411. An inspection report should state which components have been inspected and state any inspected systems found to be in need of immediate major repair. True/False
    True
  412. A proper inspection report should be clearly organized, arranged by category, and be free of typographical errors. True/False
    True
  413. A proper inspection report should prioritize any questionable saftey items and contain any problems that were summarized to the client. True/False
    True
  414. An inspector can choose the report format or style that works best, provided it meets the standards, if any, established by the state. True/False
    True
  415. The inspector should provide a printed copy of the report to the client and be prepared to make changes to the report if needed. True/False
    False. Be prepared to discuss the report and answer questions
  416. The inspector should keep a copy of all inspections and agreements in an accessible location because the inspector may need to provide proof of the scope of the inspection or provide the documents to a court or mediator. True/False
    True
  417. Heating and Air Conditioning
    When an electronic filter unit is turned on and functioning, you should hear a steady hum. True/False
    False
  418. Common heating systems include _______.
    Radiant heat, forced air, water, and steam
  419. Electric radient heating uses a heating element, with panels embedded in the ceiling and occasionally on the walls. True/False
    True
  420. The flame coming from an oil burning furnace should be __________.
    Yellowish white
  421. The major components of an air conditioning unit are the compressor and condensing coil. True/False
    True
  422. Coal-fired furnaces are typically found in older homes in the southwest. True/False
    False
  423. A boiler system should have a combination temperature/pressure relief valve with a drip leg. True/False
    True
  424. Hot water boiler distribution units that are generally attached in series without individual shut-off valves are called __________.
    Baseboard units
  425. Most heat pumps will have an electric, gas, or oil-burning furnace as the auxiliary or back-up heat source. True/False
    True
  426. The heating system should have a minimum of one distributing point ______.
    In every room
  427. The greatest indicator of the types of heating and cooling systems common in your area is the _______.
    Climate
  428. A heat pump is a forced air system that works like an air conditioner in reverse. True/False
    True
  429. There should be at least ________ return vent in each room of the house.
    One
  430. Hot boilers and steam boilers both ________.
    Use a network of pipes
  431. Hot water boilers and steam boilers both ________.
    Use a network of pipes
  432. If the house has a central heating system, before you turn up the thermostats you should check the physical condition of the boiler or furnace. True/False
    True
  433. If the outside temperature has not been at least 60 degrees F for the past 24 hours, an air condition system cannot be checked with out possibly damaging the compressor. True/False
    False
  434. The dangerous situation where flue gases spill out at the draft diverter is called back drafting. True/False
    True
  435. Radiant coils in the floor or ceiling are popular ways to distribute heat from water boilers because they are so easy to repair when a leak occurs. True/False
    False
  436. The flame coming from a conventional gas furnace should be _________.
    Blue
  437. Steam boilers make more noise than water boilers because of the higher temperature and the escaping steam. True/False
    True
  438. An induced draft gas furnace does not normally have any ductwork. True/False
    False
  439. Electric furnaces produce hot air that is typically __________.
    120 to 140 degrees F
  440. The most common distribution method for steam boilers is _______.
    Radiators
  441. A hot water boiler may have an open or closed system. True/False
    True
  442. Forced air systems must have a ________ so the air can re-circulate properly.
    Return duct
  443. You should inspect a boiler system just as you would a convetional gas or oil furnace. True/False
    True
  444. The steam boiler is regulated (turned on and off) by __________.
    The steam pressure
  445. The furnace burner should not cut off before the fan comes on. True/False
    True
  446. If you inspect a home that has been vancant over the winter, it is possible that the pipes in the system have _________.
    Frozen, cracked, and/or burst
  447. There should always be a register or return duct near the furnace to increase air circulation in the house. True/False
    False
  448. Radiators or convectors should not have __________.
    Valves that are missing, broken, or stuck
  449. Becuase electric furnaces do not use combustion, there is no ________.
    Flame
  450. Areas of country that have the most extensive heating systems are in the northeast. True/False
    True
  451. If the heating system uses combustion such as gas or oil, it should contain a _______.
    Humidifier
  452. An oil burning switch should have a ________ in a remote location.
    Emergency shut-off switch
  453. A home inspector is not required to determine the adequacy of the heating system, only that it is in place and providing air. True/False
    True
  454. Hot water boiler systems in large homes may have electric boilers. True/False
    False
  455. A higher efficiency gas furnace that does not have an open flue draft diverter is called a/an ________.
    Induced draft furnace
  456. When the heating system is not electrical, the inspector must describe where the fuel supply originates. True/False
    True
  457. If the furnace functions as an air handler, you will usually find an evaporator coil mounted on top of the furnace. True/False
    True
  458. The heat exchange in a conventional gas furnace should be _______.
    Solid
  459. In a steam boiler system, one line delivers steam throughout the distribution system, while the return line condenses the steam back into the water which returns to the tank. True/False
    True
  460. Ductwork in an attic or crawlspace must be properly _________.
    Insulated and secured
  461. Forced air furnaces fueled by gas, oil, or electricity are the most common type of heat used in homes today. True/False
    True
  462. Refrigerant tubes should be well insultated without any gaps in the foam insulating sleeves. True/False
    True
  463. It is important that every radiator on the steam boiler system has a _________.
    Release valve
  464. A compressor has a normal life of _______.
    8-15 years
  465. Gas furnaces should always have a well-supported gas line and stopcock on the supply pipe. True/False
    True
  466. A hot water boiler can use pipes that are connected to __________.
    Radiators, convectors, baseboard units, or radiant coils
  467. If the flue pipe from the furnace has been routed through the same chimney as the ductwork, the dangerous flue gases can get into the ductwork. True/False
    True
  468. A heat pump should never operate when the auxiliary heating system operates. True/False
    True
  469. Conventional air filters should be changed or cleaned every ______.
    1-2 months
  470. In a closed boiler system with a sealed expansion tank in the basement, the feed water valve should be turned on. True/False
    True
  471. For an oil-burning furnace, it is normal to hear noises and vibrations when the burner is operating . True/False
    False
  472. Steam radiators can be noisy and bleed trapped air as the system heats up. True/False
    True
  473. You should find a service disconnect box on the house or on a dedicated breaker in the main panel. True/False
    True
  474. Solid fuel heating devices such as wood or coal fireplaces are not part of the inspection. True/False
    False
  475. An oil burning furnace draws its fuel from an oil storage tank located somewhere on the grounds or in the basement. True/False
    True
  476. During the inspection of the heating and cooling system, an inspector must test and report on individual, stand-alone room cooling or heating units. True/False
    False
  477. If a boiler is more than 30 years old, you should recommend replacing it because it is near the end of its normal life cycle. True/False
    True
  478. When checking a heat exchanger, it is normal to find small holes and a reasonable amount of soot and other debris. True/False
    False
  479. The biggest drawback to using a heat pump is that it does not operate at very low temperatures. True/False
    True
  480. The flue pipe coming from a furnace should slope uphill from the furnace to the chimney. True/False
    True
  481. The water level indicator on a boiler should only be checked when the boiler is cold. True/False
    False
  482. When a room does not have a return duct, it should have an undercut door. True/False
    True
  483. Radiators that do not heat uniformly are generally signs that ________.
    Air is trapped in the system
  484. The compressor on a central air conditioning unit should be on a ______ surface.
    Level
  485. Electric baseboard heaters are an example of central heating. True/False
    False
  486. If the condenser fan vibrates, the fan may be out of balance. True/False
    True
  487. A gas floor furnace is generally suspended from the floor framing down into a crawlspace and is not very efficient. True/False
    True
  488. Heat pumps cannot be checked on the heat cycle if the temperature has been over 65 degree F with in the last 24 hours. True/False
    True
  489. Boiler systems use combustion from gas or oil to heat water that circulates in liquid or steam form throughtout the house. True/False
    True
  490. Single-piped systems transfer heat more effectivelu than double-piped systems. True/False
    False
  491. An electric furnace is a popular forced air system that can be used as a stand-alone heating source, or as a back-up heating sourch to a heat pump. True/False
    True
  492. Because steam distribution systems become very hot, they cannot use the same heat distribution outlets as water boilers. True/False
    True
  493. Because steam distribution system become very hot, they cannot use the same heat distribution outlets as water boilers. True/False
    True
  494. Wood and coal stove installations must have a minimum ________ safety clearance from single-wall metal flues and combustible surfaces.
    4 foot
  495. To determine the brand name, age, rating, material, and other specifications, and inspector should look at the unit's construction materials. True/False
    False
  496. Scorch marks or discoloration on the access panel, or meltal or burned insulation are indications of excessive roll out. True/False
    True
  497. Steam distribution systems are similar to heated water distribution systems but circulate steam rather than hot water. True/False
    True
  498. Present day standards require high efficiency combustion furnaces to draw combustion air into thee home through a dedicated vent. True/False
    True
  499. A conventional gas furnace works by burning natural gas which generates heat that is forced through ductwork using a blower. True/False
    True
  500. Unlike a forced air system, boiler systems circulate water or steam. True/False
    True
  501. Unvented gas space heaters are a potential hazard due to ________.
    Carbon monoxide
  502. An open system has an expansion or reservoir tank on the top floor or in the attic with an overflow pipe running off the roof. True/False
    True
  503. A system that uses a fan or a blower to distribute heat through ductwork is called a forced air system. True/False
    True
  504. An induced draft gas furnace uses a small blower to pull in combustion air and force out the combustion gases. True/False
    True

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