A & P quiz #2

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                           (FEN ta nil)
    CLASS: Narcotic agonist/narcotic analgesic
    • BRAND NAME: Lasix
    • CLASS: Loop diuretic
    • BRAND NAME: Glucagon
    • CLASS: Pancreatic hormone, polypeptide, hyperglycemic agent
    • BRAND NAME: Atrovent
    • CLASS: Anticholinergic, bronchodilator
  5. Three layers that compose the heart wall:
    • Epicardium (outer)
    • Myocardium (inner)
    • Endocardium (middle)
  6. Structures of the respiratory system:
    • Nose            Lungs        
    • Mouth          Diaphragm
    • Throat         Muscles of the chest wall
    • Trachea       Accessory muscles
    • Larynx
    • Bronchi
    • Bronchioles
  7. Structures of the upper airway:
    • Nose
    • Mouth
    • Tongue 
    • Jaw
    • Oral cavity
    • Larynx
    • Pharynx
  8. The volume of air during normal inspiration is called
    Tidal volume
  9. The volume of air remaining in the respiratory passages and lungs after a forceful expiration
    Residual volume
  10. The amount of air moved in and out of the lungs with maximum inspiration and expiration
    Vital capacity
  11. The volume of air exhaled from the lungs following a forceful exhalation
    Forced expiratory vital capacity
  12. The process by which a gas dissolves in a liquid so that oxygen can be transported to the cells of our body is called:

    (This is essential to the transportation of oxygen from the blood to the cells of the body)
  13. During inhalation the diaphtagm ______ creating a ______ pressure in the chest cavity
    Contracts; Negative
  14. The main respiratory stimulus is an accumulation of what in the blood
    Carbon dioxide
  15. A funnel shaped structure that opens into the nose and mouth anteriorly; and connects to the esophagus
  16. A complete hollow structure made of cartilage structure formed by the epiglottis, thyroid cartilage, and cricoid cartilage; the voice box
  17. What is located in the epithelium in the nasal cavity and is responsible for recognizing odors
    Olfactory receptors
  18. A collapsible tube that extends from the pharynx to the stomach; contractions of the muscle wall propel food and liquid to the stomach
  19. A thin, leaf-shaped valve that allows air to pass into the trachea but prevents food and liquid from entering
  20. A firm prominence of cartilage that forms the upper part of the larynx; the Adam's apple
    Thyroid cartilage
  21. The location where the trachea branches into two mainstem bronchi is referred to as the:
  22. What is the name of the membrane that lines the inside of the rib cage or thoracic cavity
    The parietal pleura
  23. Composed of the heart; and the complex arrangement of connected tubes, arteries, capillaries, venules, and veins, that move blood, oxygen, nurients, carbon dioxide, and cellular waste throught the body
    Circulatory system
  24. The______ _______ carries oxygen-rich blood from the left ventricle through the body and back to the right atrium.
    Systemic circulation
  25. In what circuit does blood pass through the tissues and organs, gives up oxygen and nutrients and absorbs cellular waste and Co2
    Systemic circulation
  26. The circuit that carries O2 poor blood from the right ventricle through the lungs (refreshes O2/gives uo CO2) and back to the left atrium
    Pulmonary circulation
  27. How are cellular wastes eliminated
    as blood passes through the liver & kidneys
  28. A thin, plasma-like liquid formed from interstitial or extracelluar fluid that bathes the tissues of the body
  29. The average adult contains approximately how much blood
    • 5 liters
    • (male  70 mL/kg)
    • (females 65mL/kg)
  30. A watery, straw colored fluid that accounts for more than half of the total blood volume
  31. Plasma is made of:
    • 92% water
    • 7% proteins
    • 1% oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, waste, etc
  32. Increases in the level of carbon dioxide in the blood causes ________ pH levels in the respiratory center, which triggers an ________ in ___________
    decreased, increase, ventilation
  33. Functions of the blood:
    • Fights infections
    • Transports oxygen & carbon dioxide
    • Controls pH
    • Transports waste & nutrients
    • Clotting
  34. The body's largest lymphatic organ
  35. The system that helps absorb fat from the digestive tract, maintain fluid balance in the body, and fight infection
    Lymphatic system
  36. The most complex organ system in the human body_______
    Consisting of:
    • The nervous system
    • Brain, Spinal cord, & Nerves
  37. The terms that uniformly describe the position and movement of the body is called:
    A: anatomic position.
    B: frontal plane.
    C: topographic anatomy.
    D: directional anatomy.
    C: topographic anatomy.
  38. The gall bladder and liver are found in the ________ quadrant of the abdomen.
    Right upper
  39. The movement of a substance against a concentration or gradient such as the cell membrane is called:
    Active transport

    (Active transport requires energy as well as some type of carrier mechanism and is a movement opposite that of the normal movement of diffusion)
  40. Membrane-bound vesicles that contain a variety of enzymes that function as an intracellular digestive system.
    • Lysosomes
    • (lahy-suh-sohm)
  41. The head, neck, and trunk is also called the _______ region.
  42. The region surrounding the heart is called the:
    A: mediastinum.
    B: visceral membrane.
    C: pleural cavity.
    D: pericardial cavity.
    D: pericardial cavity.
  43. The respiratory center is located in the _______________ of the brain and works automatically without your conscious control
    Medulla oblongata
  44. When a person sustains burn injuries to a large portion of the body the most common complication is associated with:
    A: temperature regulation.
    B: infection.
    C: dehydration.
    D: pain management.
    B: infection.
  45. The _____ attaches the skin to the underlying bone or muscle.
    A: dermis.
    B: epidermis.
    C: subcutaneous tissue.
    C: subcutaneous tissue.
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A & P quiz #2
A & P quiz #2
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