M.T. Chapter 11 - Urinary System

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ams217
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M.T. Chapter 11 - Urinary System
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2013-10-28 21:10:54
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urinary system
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urinary system
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  1. removal of the entire prostate
    radical prostatectomy
  2. enlarged prostate
    benign prostatic hypertrophy
  3. kidneys are considered retroperitonel because...
    they are located outside the peritoneum
  4. serous membrane that lines the abdominopelvic cavity and covers most of the organs within the cavity
    peritoneum
  5. symbol that expresses the alkalinity or acidity of a solution
    pH
  6. bacteria, bacterium (CF)
    bacteri/o
  7. bladder (CF)
    cyst/o
  8. bladder (CF)
    vesic/o
  9. potassium (an electrolyte) (CF)
    kal/i
  10. ketone bodies (acids and acetones) (CF)
    keton/o
  11. stone/calculus (CF)
    lith/o
  12. opening, meatus (CF)
    meat/o
  13. crushing of a stone
    lithotripsy
  14. kidney (CF)
    nephr/o
  15. kidney (CF)
    ren/o
  16. night (CF)
    noct/o
  17. scanty (decreased production) (CF)
    olig/o
  18. pus (CF)
    py/o
  19. renal pelvis (CF)
    pyel/o
  20. urine, urinary tract (CF)
    ur/o
  21. ureter (CF)
    ureter/o
  22. forming, producing, origin (suffix)
    -genesis
  23. abnormal condition (produced by something specified) (suffix)
    -iasis
  24. urine (suffix)
    -uria
  25. through, across (prefix)
    dia-
  26. backward, behind (prefix)
    retro-
  27. the branch of medicine concerned with urinary disorders and diseases of the male reproductive system
    urology
  28. the physician who specializes in diagnosis and treatment of genitourinary disorders
    urologist
  29. painful or difficult urination often described as a burning sensation
    dysuria
  30. sensation of the need to void immediately
    urgency
  31. the need to urinate more often than usual
    frequency
  32. pus in the urine
    pyuria
  33. blood in the urine
    hematuria
  34. stones
    calculi
  35. scanty urine production
    oliguria
  36. increased blood levels of calcium
    hypercalcemia
  37. a delay between trying to urinate and the flow actually beginning
    hesitancy
  38. removal of the bladder
    cystectomy
  39. delivered into the vein
    intravenous
  40. treatment using seeds planted within the tumor
    brachytherapy
  41. absence of urine production or output
    anuria
  42. involuntary discharge of urine; incontinence
    enuresis
  43. abnormal passage from a hollow organ to the surface or from one organ to another
    fistula
  44. abnormal dilation of the renal pelvis and the calyces of one or both kidneys due to pressure from accumulated urine that cannot flow past obstruction in the urinary tract
    hydronephrosis
  45. inherited disease in which sacs of fluid called cysts develop in the kidneys
    polycystic kidney disease (PKD)
  46. rapidly developing malignant neoplasm of the kidney that usually occurs in children
    Wilms tumor
  47. mechanical filtering process used to cleanse the blood of toxic substances, such as nitrogenous wastes, when kidneys fail to function properly
    dialysis
  48. replacement of a diseased kidney with one that is supplied by a compatible donor (usually family member or a cadaver who has donated the kidney prior to death)
    kidney transplant
  49. fixation of a floating or mobile kidney
    nephropexy
  50. examination of the urinary bladder for evidence of pathology, obtaining biopsies of tumors or other growths, and removal of polyps using a specialized endoscope
    cystoscopy (cysto)
  51. blood urea nitrogen
    BUN
  52. determines the amount of nitrogen in blood that comes from urea, a waste product of protein metabolism
    BUN
  53. urine screening test that includes physical observation, chemical tests and microscopic evaluation
    urinalysis (UA)
  54. imaging of the urinary tract after IV injection of a contrast medium; also called excretory urography
    intravenous pyelography (IVP)
  55. technique in which a radiopharmaceutical called a tracer is introduced into the body (inhaled, ingested, or injected) and a specialized camera (gamma camera) is used to produce images of organs and structures
    nuclear scan
  56. treat bacterial infections of the urinary tract by acting on the bacterial membrane or one of its metabolic processes
    antibiotics
  57. decrease spasms in the urethra and bladder by relaxing the smooth muscles lining their walls, thus allowing normal emptying of the bladder
    antispasmodics
  58. promote and increase the excretion of urine
    diuretics
  59. the area between the vaginal orifice and the anus
    perineum
  60. swelling of the sac surrounding the testes that is typically harmless
    hyrocele
  61. swelling and distention of veins of the spermatic cord, somewhat resembling varicose veins of the legs
    varicocele
  62. inability to produce offspring, in the male, inability to fertilize the ovum
    sterility
  63. the need to get up in the night to urinate, thus interrupting sleep
    nocturia
  64. an endoscopic examination of the kidney
    nephroscopy
  65. an examination of the upper urinary tract, usually performed with an endoscope that is passed through the urethra, bladder, and then directly into the ureter
    ureteroscopy
  66. a procedure used to visualise the urinary bladder; using a urinary catheter, radiocontrast is instilled in the bladder, and X-ray imaging is performed
    cystography

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