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Developmental stage approach
Change occurs, we adapt our behaviors
Families are affected by historical context. Eg. terrorism, new reproductive methods..etc
The chronological age
Roles or positions held in the family (grandmother, bread winner)
Refers to events during an era (9/11, civil rights..etc)
Bring past and present issues to bear on the family. (Think handed down from generations..)
Attitudes, values, expectations, secrets
Issues developing and unfolding.
Stressors family as it moves across time(think timeline)
Family Stress Model (System Levels)
Larger Society, Community, Extended Family, Immediate Family, Individual
Stages in Family Life Cycle
Leaving home, couple, families with children, adolescents, launching children, later life.
Becoming a father at 23.
Becoming a father after 40.
High uncertainty regarding personal relationships
Types of ambiguous loss
- Physically present, psychologically absent
- (Alzheimer's, head injuries)
- Physically absent, psychologically present
- (missing children, soldiers, runaways)
life event, stressor in neutral form.
Eg. serious illness, military deployment, winning lottery
Resources a family can use to manage the stressor.
Eg. Money, friends, time & space. If child gets sick, doctor.
Importance family attaches to a.
Eg. If family members get diabetes, some freak out, others manage the disease.
The amount of disruptions that occur in the system, not all lead to a crisis
Difference between ABCX and Double ABCX Model
ABCX Model focuses on pre-crisis area. Double ABCX focuses on family's efforts to recover over time.
Not only immediate stressor, but demands or changes that emerge from it.
What are some of the factors included in aA?
- 1. Initial stressor and its hardships
- 2. Normative transitions
- 3. Prior strains
- 4. Consequences of the system's coping attempts
- 5. Ambiguity
Expanded family resources, emerging social systems
The way a family interprets a crisis
Effect of family's adaptation on the individual system and community levels
Balance between the (1)member and family and (2)family and community.
Reflects an imbalance or severe loss in the family
Stages in Family Crisis
- 1. Shock resulting in numbness, disbelief or denial
- 2. Recoil stage resulting in anger, confusion, blaming guilt and bargaining
- 3. Depression
- 4. Reorganization resulting in acceptance and recovery