Card Set Information
Baroque Classical Period Music
Baroque and Classical Periods
When was the Baroque Period?
1600 - 1750
The most famous composer of the Baroque Period was
Johann Sebastian Bach
Making up the music you play is called
Improvisation was common and even used in
Baroque composers also began to write what into their music
dynamic and tempo markers
Employment of a composer by a church or wealthy person was known as
The patron-age system
A script from an opera is called a
The Baroque Period saw the birth of a new form of vocal music called
music, acting, scenery, costumes, and props.
The Baroque Period saw a rise in music for
Flute, oboe, bassoon, trombone, valveless trumpets and horns, harpsichord, and organ.
Important Baroque composers of instrumental music were
Antonio Vivaldi, Jahann Pachelbel, George Frideric Handel, and Johann Sebastian Bach.
A piece for a group of solo instruments and orchestra is called a
A famous Monteverdi opera was called
Claudio Monteverdi was
1567 - 1643
Antonio Vivaldi was
1678 - 1741
Johann Sebastian Bach
1685 - 1750
the Brandenburg Concertos, the Goldberg Variations, and Two - Part Inventions
What job was Handel
an opera composer and an organ maker
Bach came from
a musical family
an organ maker
Both Handel and Bach were born in
Handel was a citizen to what country?
Both Handel and Bach were what job
What is a cantata?
A long vocal work, often with soloists, choir, and orchestra.
Handel was what kind of figure?
A public figure
Henry Purcell was from
Purcell served the king as organist, organ maker, and composer at
Westminster Abbey in London
Purcell was best known opera is
Dido and Aeneas
The two most influential composers of the Baroque Period were
George Frideric Handel and Johann Sebastian Bach
Handel and Bach have 2 things in common, what are they?
They were both born in the year 1685 and in Germany
Classical music was
Simple, balanced, and non - emotional
When was Christoph Gluck
1714 - 1787
Christoph Gluck is considered what between the Baroque and Classical Periods?
Gluck is known as the
father of modern opera
Christoph Gluck's most popular opera is
Orpheus and Eurydice
When was Franz Joseph Haydn?
1732 - 1809
Franz Joseph Haydn is best known as
The father of the modern symphony
How many symphonies did Franz Joseph Haydn write
Where was Franz Joseph Haydn born?
Who did Franz Joseph Haydn work for?
Prince Esterhazy, a Hungarian nobleman
For how long was Haydn the musician-in-charge for Prince Esterhazy?
When was Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart?
1756 - 1791
Mozart is know as the
most natural musical genius in history
How long did Mozart live?
Where was Mozart born?
In Salzburg, Austria
Mozart composed the tune called
Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star
As an adult Mozart moved to
When was Ludwig van Beethoven ?
1770 - 1827
Mozart spent his life perfecting the
Classical sonata, symphony, and concerto
Beethoven was what kind of a composer?
A transition composer
After Beethoven was 11, did he go to school?
What was Beethoven's personality?
Proud, passionate, and independent
At the age of 22, where did Beethoven move?
Two symphonies, three piano concertos, six string quartets, and many piano sonatas including No. 8 (Pathetique) and No. 14 (Moonlight)
Beethoven became one of the what of Romantic styles?
One of the forerunners of Romantic styles
When was Franz Schubert?
1797 - 1828
Franz Schubert is another composer whose music is often seen in bridging what Periods?
The Classical and Romantic Periods
Franz Schubert was born in
How old was Schubert when he began composing full time?
A song (voice with piano accompaniment) is called what?
Schubert composed how many lieders?
Where would Schubert write his melodies?
Tablecloths, napkins, or his cuffs
How did Schubert spend his free time?
With friends, playing music, singing, dancing, and telling jokes.
What is Schubert's Symphony No. 8 called?
The Unfinished Symphony
How was Haydn's musical life unique and probably helped him?
It was very isolate and he hardly ever heard music of other composers.
When did Haydn retire from his position with Esterhazy?
What did Haydn become after retiring?
A freelance musician
What was Haydn's nickname?
What did Haydn do when he was a freelance musician?
Give two important concert tours in England, wrote 12 of his best symphonies for these occasions, and six masses between 1796 and 1802
What was Haydn's two famous oratorios?
The Creation and The Seasons
Mozart was said to be
Mozarts last three symphonies, Nos. 39, 40, 41 were all composed in
a six-week time span
Mozart composed landmark
symphonies, sonatas, concertos, and chamber music
What was Mozart's true love?
What was Mozart's two most famous operas
Don Giovanni and The Magic Flute
Beethoven had what disability?
He slowly became deaf
What symphony by Beethoven begins with perhaps the most famous four notes in all of music?
Symphony No. 5
What was Beethoven's last symphony?