Environmental Bio SWFL (7)

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Environmental Bio SWFL (7)
2013-10-28 22:32:38

Environmental Bio SWFL (7)
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  1. What is weather
    physical change in the lower atmosphere over a short period of time (hours to days)
  2. What is climate
    pattern of change in the atmosphere over a longer period of time (at least 3 decade to thousands of years)
  3. what 3 major factors determine how air circulation in the lower atmosphere
    • -uneven heating of the earth ¬†surface by the sun¬†
    • -rotation of the earth on its axis
    • -properties of air, water, and land
  4. ocean effect regional climates
  5. Warm Front
    Boundary between an advancing warm air mass and the cooler one it is replacing
  6. Cold Front
    leading edge of an advancing mass of cold air
  7. what type of climate is associated with low pressure
    Cloudy and Stormy weather
  8. what type of climate is associated with high pressure
    clear skies and sunny
  9. what is upwelling
    an upward movement of ocean water
  10. Define Tornato
    Swirling, funnel-shaped clouds that form over land
  11. what is the difference between an hurricanes and typhoons
    Hurricanes form in the atlantic ocean while typhoons for in the pacific ocean
  12. What are some ecological and economic benefits of tropical cyclones
    • -Tropical cyclones can flush bays and marshes which reduce brown tides,
    • -Increase growth of sea grass, and
    • -Increase production of commercially important species of shellfish and fish
  13. Four main greenhouse gases
    Water vapor, Carbon Dioxide, Methane, and Nitrous oxide.
  14. Global warming
    Warming of the earth's lower atmosphere because of increases in the concentrations of 1 or more greenhouse gases. can result in climate changes
  15. Rain shadow effect
    Low precipitation on the leeward side of the mountain when prevailing winds flow up and over a high mountain or range of high mountains, creating semiarid and arid conditions on the leeward side of a high mountain
  16. What are Biomes
    Large terrestrial regions each characterized by certain types of climate and dominant pant life.
  17. Biomes in the United States
    Coastal Chaparral and Scrub, Coniferous forest, Desert, Prairie grassland, and Deciduous forest
  18. how latitude affect Biomes and how does elevation affect Biomes
    Latitude decreases and elevation increases (tropical forest> Deciduous> Coniferous forest > Tundra > polar Ice/snow