cardiovascular system

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  1. aneurysm/o
    widened blood vessel
  2. angi/o
    vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  3. vascul/o
    vessel (usually blood or lymph)
  4. aort/o
  5. arteri/o
  6. atri/o
  7. arteriol/o
  8. ather/o
    fatty plaque
  9. cardi/o
  10. coron/o
  11. electr/o
  12. embol/o
    embolus (plug)
  13. hemangi/o
    blood vessel
  14. my/o
  15. phleb/o
  16. ven/o
  17. scler/o
    hardening; sclera (white of eye)
  18. sept/o
  19. sphygm/o
  20. sten/o
    narrowing, stricture
  21. thromb/o
    blood clot
  22. valv/o
  23. valvul/o
  24. vas/o
    vessel; vas deferens; duct
  25. ventricul/o
    ventricle (of the heart or brain)
  26. -cardia
    heart condition
  27. -gram
    record, writing
  28. -graph
    instrument for recording
  29. -graphy
    process of recording
  30. -stenosis
    narrowing, stricture
  31. brady-
  32. endo-
    withing, in
  33. extra-
  34. peri-
  35. trans-
  36. angina
    chest pain
  37. dyspnea
    difficulty breathing
  38. arrhythmias
    cardiac irregularities
  39. syncope
    loss of consciousness
  40. embolus
    mass blocks blood vessel
  41. ischemia
    deficiency of blood supply due to circulation obstruction
  42. coronary artery disease (CAD)
    any disease that interferes with coronary arteries that supply blood to myocardium
  43. major cause of CAD
  44. diaphoresis
    profuse sweating
  45. stent
    hollow, thin mesh tube
  46. endocarditis
    inflammation of inner lining of heart and valves
  47. bacteremia
    bacteria travelling in bloodstream
  48. regurgitation
    backflow of blood
  49. varicose veins
    enlarged, engorged, twisted superficial veins
  50. myxoma
    tumor of the heart composed of mucous connective tissue
  51. pulmonary edema
    fluid in lungs
  52. aneurysm
    localized abnormal dilation of a vessel, usually an artery
  53. arrhythmia
    irregularity in the rate or rhythm of the heart
  54. arteriosclerosis
    hardening and narrowing of an artery along with loss of elasticity
  55. bruit
    soft, blowing sound; murmer
  56. coarctation
    narrowing of a vessel, especially in aorta
  57. hyperlipidemia
    excessive amounts of lipids in the blood
  58. hypertension
    persistant elevated blood pressure
  59. infarction
    area of tissue that undergoes necrosis
  60. insufficiency (incompetent)
    failure of a valve to close completely
  61. palpitation
    awareness of irregular heartbeat
  62. thrombosis
    blood clot develops in blood vessel
  63. varices
    varicose veins of esophagus
  64. biopsy
    removal of a small segment of tissue for diagnostic purposes
  65. CABG
    surgery that creates a bypass around a blocked segment of a coronary artery
  66. cardiac enzyme studies
    provides levels of troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine kinase in the blood
  67. catheter ablation
    treatment of cardiac arrhythmias in which energy is transmitted through a catheter to remove the pathway of an abnormal heart rhythm
  68. commissurotomy
    surgical separation of the leaflets of the mitral valve
  69. diuretics
    increase urine output; used to treat edema, hypertension, and heart failure
  70. Doppler
    ultrasound procedure that measures blood flow through heart and vessels
  71. echocardiography
    diagnostic test used to visualize internal cardiac structures
  72. endarterectomy
    removal of occluding material from the interior of an artery
  73. holter monitor test
    24 hour ECH tracing taken with a small, portable recording system
  74. ICD insertion
    implanting of a device that corrects ventricular tachycardia or fibrillation
  75. nitrates
    agents used to treat angina
  76. PTCA
    dilation of occluding vessel using a balloon catheter
  77. schlerotherapy
    treatment of varicose vein using a chemical irritant
  78. statins
    drugs that have powerful lipid-lowering properties
  79. stent placement
    insertion of a device that holds open tubular structures
  80. stress test
    ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions
  81. thrombolysis
    destruction of a blood clot
  82. valvotomy
    incision to increase the size of opening of mitral valve
  83. atherosclerosis
    form of arteriosclerosis characterized by deposit of plaques containing cholesterol and lipids that narrows the lumen in arteries
  84. angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
    lowers blood pressure
  85. antiarrhythmics
    prevent, alleviate, or corrects cardiac arrhythmias
  86. beta-blockers
    block the effect of adrenaline
  87. BP
    blood pressure
  88. CABG
    coronary artery bypass graft
  89. CAD
    coronary artery disease
  90. chol
  91. CK
    creatine kinase; conductive keratoplasty
  92. CPR
    cardiopulmonary resuscitation
  93. ECG,EKG
  94. ECHO
  95. HDL
    high density lipoprotein
  96. HF
    heart failure
  97. HTN
  98. LA
    left atrium
  99. LDL
    low density lipoprotein
  100. LV
    left ventricle
  101. MI
    myocardial infarction
  102. MRI
    magnetic resconance imaging
  103. US
Card Set:
cardiovascular system
2013-10-29 04:23:38
med terms

chapter 8
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