Card Set Information

2010-06-21 01:12:12

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  1. group of muscles found in the neck and abdomen that facilitate forced inhalatioon and exhalation in patients in respiratory distress
    Accesory Muscles of Resperation
  2. irregular gasping breaths that can be seen during the early onset of cardiac arrest
    Agonal Breathing
  3. Acute obstructive respiratory disease with narrowing of the lower airways; often precipitated by infection or an allergic response
  4. Mechanical aid used to administer positive-pressure ventilation; usually consists of a bag with oxygen inlet, unidirectional valve, mask, and oxygen reservoir
    Bag-mask device
  5. long-term lung disease in which air becomes treapped in the alveoli as a result of bronchospasm, mucus plugs,or collapse of the bronchioles. greater force is needed for these patients to exale.
    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  6. Compression of the esoqhagus between the cricoid cartliage and the thoracic spine to reduce the chances of air entering the esophagus during positive-pressure ventilation and help prevent gastric distention and regurgitation
    Cricoid pressure
  7. difficulty breathing
  8. disease cased by a destruction of alveoli and the loss of elastic recoil within the lung; a type of COPD
  9. inflammation of the epiglottis, usually caused by a bactrial infection; ususally affects children but can be seen in adults. Severe cases can cause obstruction of the trachea
  10. Manually triggered positive-pressure ventilator administred by using oxygen under pressure
    Flow-restricted, oxygen-powered ventilation device
  11. Rhythmic sound heard at the end of echalation; key sing of respiratory distress in infants.
  12. surgical removal of part of the larynx
  13. Total volume of air inhaled in a minute; tidal volume multiplied by respiratory rate
    minute volume
  14. low flow oxygen delivery system consisting of a thin tuve with prongs at the end that slip into the nares
    nasal cannula
  15. what is the percentage of oxygen supplied by a nasal cannula and the flow rate
    24%-40% oxygen 2-6 L/min
  16. characteristic flaring of the nostrils in infants and small children that suggests the presence of respiratory distress
    nasal flaring
  17. soft rubber tube that extends from the nares down into the oropharynx, used to elevate the tongue away from the oropharynx
    Nasopharyngeal airway (NPA)
  18. low flow, high concentration oxygen delivery device consisting of a reservoir bag beneath a one way valve that prevents the patient from exhaling into the bag
    Nonbreather mask
  19. precentage of oxygen in a nonbreather mask when used with high concentration of oxygen and the flow rate
    90%, 10-15L/min
  20. mechanical airway device designed to elevate the tongue away from the oropharynx when the patient is unconscious
    oropharyngel airway (OPA)
  21. safety system of gas cylinders that allows tanks of different types of gas to accept special regulators designed specifically for that gas
    Pin index safety system
  22. pain made worse by breathing
    pleuritic chest pain
  23. the act of forcing air into the lungs
    positive pressure ventilation
  24. measurement of hemoglobin oxygenation
    Pulse oximetry
  25. providing artificial ventilation for patients who cannot breathe on their own
    rescue breathing
  26. cessation of breathing
    respiratory arrest
  27. condition in which there is an increased work of breathing
    respiratory distress
  28. state that results when the respiratory system becomes so ineffective that it can no longer support life
    respiratory failure
  29. the drawing in of soft tissue between the ribs, above the clavicle, and below the sternum; retractions reflect increased work of breathing
  30. physical finding in small children and infants characterized by alterne use of abdominal and chest wall muscles and indicating repiratory distress
    seesaw breathing
  31. permanent opening in the trachea or larynx
  32. harsh, high pitched sound created by airflowing through a narrowed upper airway, usually heard o inspiration
  33. surgical opening of the trachea to provide an airway
  34. high pitched whistling sound created by narrowed bronchioles
  35. what triggers respiration
    build up of CO2 in the blood system
  36. what are the main ways of opening the airway?
    head/tilt, chin lift, and jaw thrust
  37. how long can you administer suction?
    15 seconds
  38. when is it apropriate to use a oropharyngeal airway
    when the patient is unconscious or has no gag reflex
  39. when should you use a nasopharyngeal device
    when an oroqharyngeal device can not be tolerated
  40. when using a bag-mask with out supplement O2 what is the concitration?
  41. what is the route of inspiration?
    nasal cavity, nasopharynx, oropharynx, laryngopharynx, epiglottis, vocal cords, trachea bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli