Pediatrics

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Author:
anders
ID:
243589
Filename:
Pediatrics
Updated:
2013-10-29 07:54:44
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Step3
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Description:
Pediatrics
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  1. The US Preventative Services Task Force recommendation for fluoride supplementation:
    Oral fluoride supplementation for children beginning at 6mo if their drinking water is deficient in fluoride concentration (below....?)
  2. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome features:
    • thin upper lip
    • smooth philtrum
    • flat nasal bridge
    • clinodactyly (curved 5th finger)
    • pre & postnatal growth retardation
    • small palpebral fissures¬†
    • widened upper palmar crease
    • "railroad track" ears
  3. Down Syndrome features:
    • hypotonia
    • flat face
    • upward & slanted palpebral fissures & epicanthic folds
    • speckled irises (Brushfield spots)
    • mental & growth retardation
    • dysplasia of the pelvis
    • cardiac malformations (VSD, edocardial cushion defects)
    • simian crease
    • short broad hands
    • hypoplasia of the middle phalanx of the 5th finger
    • high arched palate
  4. Prader-Willi Syndrome features:
    • severe hypotonia at birth
    • obesity
    • short stature (responsive to growth hormone)
    • small hands & feet
    • hypogonadism
    • mental retardation
  5. Marfan Syndrom features:
    • pectus carinatum/pectus excavatum
    • arm span to height ration >1.05
    • + wrist & thumb sign
    • limited elbow extension
    • pes planus
    • aortic ascendens dilatation +/- aortic regurgitation
  6. What is Pompe's Disease?
    Glycogen storage disease Type II

    Due to deficiency of lysosomal alpha-1, 4-glucosidase (acid maltase)

    Causes cardiomegaly, trashes liver & muscle, leading to early death

    autosomal recessive

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