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2013-11-04 23:48:17
nursing terminology

urinary, digestive,reptroductive
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  1. bil/i
  2. cec/o
    blind intestine, cecum
  3. chol/e
    bile, gall
  4. choledoch/o
    common bile duct
  5. cyst/o
    bladder, sac
  6. duoden/o
    duodenum, twelve
  7. enter/o
    small intestine
  8. gingiv/o
  9. gloss/o
  10. hepat/o
  11. ile/o
    to roll, ileum
  12. jejun/o
    empty, jejunum
  13. lingu/o
  14. or/o
  15. peps/o, pept/o
  16. peritoei/o
    to stretch over, peritoneum
  17. proct/o
    rectum or anus
  18. pylor/o
  19. sial/o
  20. sigm/o
    sigmoid colon
  21. stomat/o
  22. organs of the GI tract
    mouth, pharynx,esophagus, stomach,small intestine, large intestine
  23. segments of the small intestine
    duodenum, jejunum, ileum
  24. segments of the large intestine
    cecum, colon, rectum
  25. accessory organs of the digestive system
    salivary glands, liver, gallbladder, pancreas
  26. digestive flora
    beneficial bacterial in the GI tract
  27. gastroenterologist
    stomach and intestine specialist
  28. proctologist
    rectal specialist
  29. hepatobiliary specialist
    liver specialist
  30. oncologist
    cancer specilist
  31. flux/o
  32. halit/o
  33. phag/o
    eat swallow
  34. steat/o
  35. aphagia
    the inability to swallow
  36. ascites
    accumulation of fluid within the peritoneal cavity that produces an enlarged abdomen
  37. dyspepsia
    digestive difficulty
  38. dysphagia
    difficulty in swallowing
  39. gastrodynia
    stomach pain
  40. hematemesis
    vomiting blood
  41. hepatomegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the liver
  42. jaundice
    liver disease causing yellowing
  43. steatorrhea
    abnormal levels of fat in the feces
  44. cheil/o
  45. chlecyst/o
  46. cirrh/o
  47. diverticul/o
  48. lith/o
  49. orex/o
  50. parat/o
    paratoid gland
  51. polyp/o
    small growth
  52. volv/o
    to roll
  53. ectasis
    expansion, dilation
  54. -ptosis
  55. anorexia nervosa
    an eating disorder in which the patient avoids food due to a compulsion to become thin in appearance
  56. cheilitis
    inflammation of the lip
  57. cholecystitis
    inflammation of the gallbladder
  58. choledochitis
    inflammation of the common bile duct
  59. cholelithiasis
    stones in the gallbladder or bile duct
  60. cirrhosis
    chronic progressive liver disease characterized by gradual loss of liver cells and their replacement by fat
  61. colitis
    inflamation of the colon
  62. crohn disease
    a chronic inflammation of any part of the GI tract
  63. diverticulosis
    small pouches formed on the wall of the colon
  64. dysentery
    acute inflammation of the GI tract
  65. enteritis
    inflammation of the small or large intestine
  66. gastrectasis
    abnormal stretching of the stomach
  67. gastroenteritis
    inflammation of the stomach and small intestine
  68. gastroentrocolitis
    inflammation of the stomach small intestine and colon
  69. gastroesophageal reflux disease GERD
    reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus
  70. giardiasis
    infection contracted by drinking contaminated water
  71. glossitis
    inflammation of the tongue
  72. hepatitis
    viral induced inflammation of the liver
  73. HCC
    hapatocellular carcinoma; tumor in the liver
  74. hiatal hernia
    protrusion of the cardiac portion of the stomach through the hiatus of the diaphragm to enter the thoracic cavity
  75. inflammatory bowel disease
    ulcerative colitis and crohn disease
  76. intussusception
    infolding of a segment of the small intestine within another segment
  77. irritable bowel syndrome
    chronic disease characterized by periodic disturbances of large intestine function without clear physical damage
  78. parotitis
    inflammation of the paratoid glands (salivary)
  79. peptic ulcer
    en erotion into the inner wall of an organ along the GI tract
  80. peritonitis
    inflammation of the peritonium(membrane that lines the inner wall of the abdominopelvic cavity and most of its organs
  81. peritonium
    (membrane that lines the inner wall of the abdominopelvic cavity and most of its organs
  82. polyposis
    the presence of many polyps
  83. proctitis
    inflammation of the anus and rectum wall
  84. proctoptosis
    drooping or prolapse of the rectum
  85. volvulus
    a severe twisting of the intestine the leads to obstruction
  86. BE
    barium enema
  87. C&S
    stool culture ans sensitivity
  88. EGD
  89. FOBT
    fecal occult blood test
  90. GERD
    gastroesophageal reflux disease
  91. GI
  92. IBD
    inflammatory bowel disease
  93. LGI
    lower GI series
  94. LI
    lactose intolerance
  95. N&V
    nausea and vomiting
  96. UGI
    upper GI series
  97. acid
    substance with hp less than 7
  98. cheil/o
  99. lapar/o
  100. polyp/o
    small growth
  101. vag/o
    vagus nerve
  102. -emetic
    pertaining to vomiting
  103. abdominocentesis
    a surgical puncture through the abdominal wall to remove fluid
  104. antacid
    an agent that reduces the acidity of the stomach cavity
  105. antiemetic
    a drug that prevents or stops the vomiting reflex
  106. antispasmodic
    a drug that reduces peristalsis activity in the GI tract, which arrests the muscular spasms involved in diarrhea
  107. cathartic
    an agent that stimulates strong waves of peristalsis of the colon
  108. laxative
    an agent that causes mild waves of peristalsis of the colon
  109. cheilorrhaphy
    suturing a lip
  110. cholecystectomy
    surgical removal of the gallbladder
  111. cholecystogram
    producing an x ray image of the gallbladder
  112. choledocholithotomy
    the removal of obstructive gallstones from the common bile duct
  113. cleft palate
    congenital defect in which bones supporting the roof of the mouth fail to fuse during fetal development
  114. colectomy
    surgical removal of a segment of the colon
  115. colostomy
    surgical creation of an opening in the colon
  116. fecal occult blood test
    clinical lab test performed to detect blood in the feces
  117. gastrectomy
    surgical removal of the stomach
  118. gastric lavage
    a cleansing procedure in which the stomach is irrigated with a prescribed solution
  119. colonic irrigation
    a cleansing procedure in which the colon is irrigated with a prescribed solution
  120. gavage
    the procesure of feeding a patient through a nasogastric tube inserted into the nose that extends through the esophagus to enter the stomach
  121. GI endoscope
    used for examining the GI tract
  122. laparoscopy
    examining the abdominal cavity
  123. GI series
    term applied to several diagnostic techniques that provide radiographic examination of the GI tract
  124. gingivectomy
    surgical removal of diseased tisue in the gums
  125. glossorrhaphy
    suturing of the tongue
  126. ileostomy
    a surgical creation of an opening through the abdominal wall and into the ileum of the small intestine
  127. laparotomy
    incision through the abdominal wall often from the base of the sternum to the pubic bone
  128. pyloroplasty
    surgical repair of the pylorus region of the stomach
  129. stool culture and sensitivity
    test performed if a pathogen is a suspected cause of a disease that affects the GI tract
  130. vagotomy
    the surgical dissection of branches of the vagus nerve in an effort to reduce gastric juice secretion as treatment for chronic gastric ulcers
  131. glomerul/o
    little ball, glomerulus
  132. glycos/o
    sweet, sugar
  133. meat/o
    opening, passage
  134. nephr/o
  135. pyel/o
    renal pelvis
  136. ren/o
  137. urology
    clinical treatment of urinary disease
  138. nephrology
    field specializing in treatment of kidney disease
  139. azot/o
    urea, nitrogen
  140. olig/o
    few in number
  141. albuminuria
    the presence of albumin in urine signifying abnormal renal filtration
  142. anuresis
    inability to pass urine because of a blockage of the urinary tract or kidney failure
  143. anuria
    production of less than 100 mL of urine per day
  144. azotemia
    abnormally high levels of urea and other nitrogen-containing compounds in the bloodstream
  145. bacteriuia
    abnormal presence of bacteria in the urine, a sign of a urinary tract infection
  146. diuresis
    the excessive discharge of urine, a sign of diabetes insipidus/mellitus
  147. dysuria
    difficult or painful urination
  148. glycosuria
    the abnormal presence of glucose in the urine
  149. hematuria
    the abnormal presence of blood in the urine
  150. ketonuria
    the abnormal presence of ketone bodies int the urine
  151. nocturia
    the need to urinate frequently at night
  152. oliguria
    production of less than 500mL of urine per day, a sign of kidney disorder
  153. polyuria
    chronic excessive urination
  154. proteinuria
    the presence of any protein in the urine
  155. pyuria
    the presence of pus in the urine
  156. spadias/o
    rip, tear
  157. systitis
    inflammation of the urinary bladder
  158. cystocele
    a hernia of the urinary bladder
  159. cystolith
    a stone in the urinary bladder
  160. enuresis
    an involuntary release of urine
  161. epispadias
    a congenital defect resulting in the abnormal positioning of the urinary meatus
  162. glomerulonephritis
    any disease of the glomeruli
  163. glomerulus
    ball of specialized capillaries within a kidney nephron
  164. hydronephrosis
    a backup of urine causing distension of the renal pelvis
  165. hypospadias
    a ventral change in the location of the urinary meatus
  166. nephritis
    inflammation of a kidney
  167. nephroblastoma
    Wilms' tumor, a tumor originating from kidney tissue that includes developing embryonic cells
  168. nephrolithiasis
    renal calculi
    the presence of stones  within a kidney
  169. nephroma
    a tumor in the kidney
  170. nephromegaly
    abnormal enlargement of the kidneys
  171. nephroptosis
    condition of downward displacement or drooping of a kidney
  172. polycystic kidney disease
    numerous cysts occupying most of the kidney tissue
  173. pyelitis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis
  174. pyelonephritis
    inflammation of the renal pelvis and nephrons
  175. ureteral strictures
    narrowing of the ureter
  176. stricture
    condition of abnormal narrowing
  177. uremia
    an excess of urea and other nitrogenous wastes are present in the blood
  178. ureteritis
    inflammation of a ureter
  179. ureterocele
    a herniated ureter
  180. ureterolithiasis
    the presence of stones in a ureter
  181. urinary retention
    abnormal accumulation of urine within the urinary bladder
  182. urinary suppression
    an acute stoppage of urine formation by the kidneys
  183. urinary tract infection
    UTI infection of the urinary organs
  184. blood urea nitrogen
    BUN clinical lab test that measures urea concentration in a sample of blood
  185. creatinine
    byproduct of muscle metabolism in urine
  186. cystectomy
    surgical removal of the urinary bladder
  187. cystogram
    x ray image of the urinary bladder
  188. cystoureterography
    x ray procedure producing an image of the bladder and ureters
  189. cystourethrography
    x ray procedure producing an image of the bladder and urethra
  190. voiding cystourethrogram
    x rays are taken before during and after urination to observe bladder function
  191. cystolithotomy
    incision is made through the urinary bladder wall to remove a stone
  192. cystoplasty
    surgical repair of the urinary bladder
  193. cystorrhaphy
    suturing the urinary bladder wall
  194. cystoscopy
    procedure to view the interior of the urinary bladder
  195. cystostomy
    the surgical creation of an artificial opening into the urinary bladder
  196. cystomy
    incision through the urinary bladder wall
  197. fulguration
    surgical procedure that destroys living tissue with an electric current
  198. hemodialysis
    procedure that pushes a patients blood through permeable membranes within an instrument
  199. lithotripsy
    surgical technique that applies concentrated sound waves to pulverize or dissolve stones into smaller pieces that may pass with urine through the urethra
  200. nephrectomy
    surgical removal of a kidney
  201. nephrogram
    x ray image of a kidney
  202. nephrology
    medical field that studies and treats disorders of the kidney
  203. nephrolysis
    surgical procedure to remove abnormal adhesions from a kidney
  204. nephropexy
    surgical fixation of a kidney
  205. nephroscopy
    visual examination of kidney nephrons
  206. nephrosonography
    an ultrasound procedure that provides an image of a kidney for diagnostic analysis
  207. nephrostomy
    a procedure that surgically creates an opening through the body wall and into a kidney
  208. nephrotomogram
    x ray image of a kidney
  209. peritoneal dialysis
    artificial filtration of fluids and electrolytes as a cleansing treatment to compensate for kidney failure
  210. retrograde pyelogram
    x ray image of the renal pelvis obtained by injecting a contrast medium into the ureter using a cystoscope RP
  211. intravenous pyelogram
    pyelogram in which iodine is used as the contrast medium and is injected into the bloodstream. IVP
  212. pyelolithotomy
    incision into the kidney to remove a stone from the renal pelvis
  213. pyeloplasty
    surgical repair of the renal pelvis
  214. renal transplant
    the replacement of a dysfunctioning kidney with a donor kidney
  215. renography
    an examination that uses nuclear medicine by IV injection of radioactive material into the patients kidneys
  216. specific gravity
    the measurement of the density of substances in a liquid compared to water
  217. ureterectomy
    the surgical removal of a ureter
  218. ureterostomy
    surgical creation of an external opening from the ureter to the body surface
  219. ureterotomy
    incision into the wall of the ureter
  220. urethropexy
    surgical fixation of the urethra
  221. urethroplasty
    surgical repair of the urethra
  222. urethrostomy
    the surgical creation of an opening through the urethra
  223. urethrotomy
    incision into the wall of the urethra
  224. urinalysis
    combination of clinical lab tests that are performed on a urine specimen UA
  225. urinary  endoscopy
    the use of an endoscope to observe internal structures of the urinary system
  226. urinometer
    an instrument that measures the specific gravity  in a sample of urine
  227. urology
    medical field specializing in disorders of the urinary system
  228. vesticourethral suspension
    surgery to stabilize the position of the urinary bladder
  229. BUN
    blood urea nitrogen
  230. cath
  231. ESWL
    extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy
  232. HD
  233. IVP
    intravenous pyelogram
  234. RP
    retrograde pyelgram
  235. SG
    specific gravity
  236. UA
  237. UTI
    urinary tract infection
  238. VCUG
    voiding cystourethrogram
  239. andr/o
  240. balan/o
    glans penis
  241. chori/o
    membrane, chorion
  242. cyes/o
  243. episi/o
  244. gravid/o
  245. mamm/o
  246. mast/o
  247. orchi/o
  248. pen/o
  249. semin/o
    seed, sperm
  250. test/o
    testis, testicle
  251. vas/o
  252. gametes
    sex cells
  253. spermatozoa
    male gametes, sperm cells
  254. tubes that convey sperm
    epididymus, vas deferens, urethra
  255. glands that contribute to semen
    seminal vesicles, prostrate gland, bulbourethral glands
  256. ova
    female gametes
  257. female organs
    ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, vagina, vulva
  258. female hormones
    estrogen, progesterone
  259. prenatal development
    changes in body form that occur through the mothers pregnancy until birth
  260. obstetrics
    clinical field focusing on prenatal development
  261. urology
    study and treatment of the male reproductive system
  262. gynecology
    study and treatment of the female reproductive system
  263. olig/o
    few in number
  264. zo/o
    animal, living
  265. aspermia
    inability to produce or ejaculate sperm
  266. azoospermia
    the absence of living sperm in semen
  267. balanorrhea
    abnormal condition of discharge from the glans penis
  268. chancres
    small ulcers on the skin of the penis, a symptom of syphilis
  269. oligospermia
    abnormaly low sperm count
  270. papilloma
    wart like lesions on the skin and mucous membranes
  271. prostatitis
    inflammation of the prostate gland
  272. prostatorrhea
    abnormal discharge from the prostate gland
  273. testalgia
    the condition of testicular pain
  274. urethritis
    inflammation of the urethra
  275. andropathy
    general tern for disease afflicting only males
  276. anorchism
    the absence of one or both testes
  277. balanitis
    inflammation of the glans penis
  278. benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy
    enlargment of the prostate gland to constrict the urethra passing through it BPH
  279. cryptorchidism
    the condition of undescended testes
  280. epididymitis
    inflammation of the epididymis
  281. orchiepididymitis
    inflammation of the epididymis and one or both testes
  282. orchitis
    inflammation of one or both testes
  283. hydrocele
    swelling of the scrotum caused by fluid accumulation
  284. Peyronie disease
    a hardness or induration of the erectile tissue within the penis
  285. phimosis
    a congenital narrowing of the prepuce opening
  286. paraphimosis
    strangulation of the glans penis due to narrowing of the prepuce
  287. priapism
    abnormally persistant erection of the penis often accompanied by pain and tenderness
  288. seminoma
    cancer arising from sperm forming cells and metastasizes to nearby lymph nodes
  289. testicular torsion
    spermatic cord becomes twisted causing a reduced blood flow to the testes
  290. varicocele
    herniation of the veins within the spermatic cord
  291. anti-impotence therapy
    a collection of therapies that address erectile dysfunction
  292. balanoplasty
    the surgical repair of the glans penis
  293. circumcision
    removal of the prepuce
  294. digital rectal examination
    physical exam that involves the insertion of a finger into the rectum to feel the size and shape of the prostate gland through the wall of the ructum
  295. hydrocelectomy
    the surgical removal of a hydrocele
  296. orchidectomy
    the surgical removal of the testis
  297. orchidopexy
    surgical fixation of a testis
  298. orchidoplasty
    surgical repair of the testis
  299. penile implants
    surgical insertion of a prosthesis to correct erectile dysfunction
  300. prostatectomy
    surgical removal of the prostate gland
  301. prostate specific antigen
    clinical test that measures levels of the protein prostate specific antigen in the blood
  302. transurethral resection of the prostate gland
    procedure that threats BPH though the noninvasive removal of prostate tisue TURP
  303. urology
    clinical department that treats urinary tract infections
  304. vasectomy
    vas deferens is severed to block the flow of sperm during ejaculation
  305. vasovasostomy
    surgery to reverse a vasectomy
  306. vesiculectomy
    a procedure to remove the seminal vesicles
  307. colp/o
  308. metr/o
  309. salping/o
  310. amenorrhea
    the absence of menstrual discharge in a woman of childbearing age
  311. menorrhea
    normal menstrual discharge
  312. colpodynia
    vaginal pain
  313. colporrhagia
    profuse vaginal bleeding
  314. dysmenorrhea
    abnormal pain during menstuation
  315. hematosalpinx
    retained menstrual blood in a fallopian tube
  316. hydrosalpinx
    fluid accumulation in a fallopian tube
  317. leukorrhea
    white or yellowish discharge from the vagina
  318. mastalgia
    condition of pain in the breast
  319. menorrhagia
    profuse bleeding during menstuation
  320. metrorrhagia
    abnormal discharge from the uterus.
  321. monometrorrhagia
    abnormal discharge from theuterus during and between menstrual periods
  322. mittelschmerz
    when bleeding from ovulation irritates the peritoneum
  323. oligomenorrhea
    an abnormally reduced discharge during menstruation
  324. pyosalpinx
    the discharge of pus from a fallopian tube
  325. lei/o
  326. hyster/o
  327. oophor/o
  328. vesic/o
  329. -atresia
    closure or absence of a normal body opening
  330. amastia
    lack of breast tissue
  331. polymastia
    more than two elevated areas with areola and nipple
  332. infiltrating ductal carcinoma
    breast cancer
  333. carcinoma in situ of the cervix
    cervical cancer
  334. dysplasia
    process of cells of the cervix changing in appearance due to CIS
  335. cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
    squamous cell carcinoma arising from the epithelial cells lining the opening into the uterus
  336. cervicitis
    inflammation of the cervix
  337. endocervicitis
    inflammation of the inner lining of the cervix
  338. cystocele
    a protrusion of the urinary bladder against the wall of the vagina
  339. rectocele
    protrusion of the rectum against the wall of the vagina
  340. endometrial cancer
    tumor arising from the endometrial tissue lining the uterus
  341. endometriosis
    the abnormal growth of endometrial tissue throughout areas of the pelvic cavity
  342. endometritis
    inflammation of the endometrium
  343. fibrocystic breast disease
    one or more benign, fibrous cysts develop within the breast
  344. fistula
    abnomral passage from one organ or cavity to another
  345. rectovaginal fistula
    an abnormal passage between the vagina and rectum
  346. vesicovaginal fistula
    abnormal passage between the urinary bladder and vagina
  347. hysteratresia
    a closure of the uterus
  348. leiomyoma
    benign tumors on the muscular wall of the uterus
  349. mastitis
    inflammation of the breast
  350. mastoptosis
    abnormally drooping breast
  351. oophoropathy
    any disease of the ovary
  352. oophoritis
    inflammation of an ovary
  353. polycystic ovary syndrome
    hormonal disturbance characterized by lack of ovulation, amenorrhea infertility and ovarian cysts
  354. parovarian cyst
    ovarian cysts that spread into the fallopian tube
  355. pelvic inflammatory disease
    PID inflammation involving some or all of the female organs within the pelvic cavity
  356. premenstrual syndrome
    a collection of symptoms including nervous tension, irritability, breast pain edema and headache occurring during the ten days preceding menstruation
  357. hyperoptosis
    prolapsed uterus
  358. salpingitis
    inflammation of a fallopian tube
  359. salpingocele
    a protrusion or herniation of a fallopian tube wall
  360. toxic shock syndrome
    TSS, a severe bacterial infection characterized by sudden high fever skin rash mental confusion acute renal failure and abnormal liver function
  361. colpitis
    inflammation of the vagina
  362. atrophic vaginitis
    inflammation of the vagina including thinning of vaginal wall and loss of moisure
  363. vulvitis
    inflammation of the vulva
  364. cervical conization
    removal of the anterior part of the cervix
  365. cervicectomy
    surgical removal of the cervix
  366. colpectomy
    removal of the vagina
  367. colpoplasty
    surgical repair of the vagina
  368. colporrhaphy
    suturing the wall of the vagina
  369. colposcopy
    endoscopic evaluation of the vagina
  370. dilation and curettage
    dilation of the cervix to insert a spoon shaped instrument( curette) to scrape the lining of the endometrium
  371. endometrial ablation
    the use of lasers electricity or heat to destroy the endometrium
  372. hysterectomy
    surgical removal of the uterus
  373. hysteropexy
    strenthening uterus connection to the abdominal wall. used to correct prolapsed uterus
  374. hysteroscopy
    nonivasive evaluation of the uterine cavity
  375. laparoscopy
    viewing of external appearance of organs of the pelvic cavity using a laparoscope inserted into the abdomen
  376. mammogram
    x ray image of a breast
  377. mammoplasty
    surgical repair of one or both breasts
  378. mastectomy
    removal of breast tissue
  379. simple mastectomy
    one entire breast is removed leaving underlying muscles and lymph nodes intact
  380. radical mastectomy
    entire breast is removed including muscles and lymph nodes
  381. modified radical mastectomy
    breast and lyph nodes are removed while muscles are left intact
  382. lumpectomt
    removal of cancerous lesions only, on the breast
  383. oophorectomy
    surgical removal of an ovary
  384. papanicolaou smear
    common diagnostic procedure that screens for precancerous cervical dysplasia and cervical cancer
  385. salpingectomy
    surgical removal of a fallopian tube
  386. salpingo-oophorectomy
    removal of a fallopian tube and an ovary
  387. salpingopexy
    surgical fixation of a fallopian tube
  388. salpingostomy
    procedure to open a blocked fallopian tube or to drain fluid from an inflamed tube
  389. sonohysterography
    noninvasive diagnostic procedure using ultrasound waves to visualize the uterus within the pelvic cavity
  390. transvaginal sonography
    an ultrasound probe is inserted through the vagina to record images of the uterine cavity and fallopian tubes
  391. tubal ligation
    fallopian tubes are severed and closed to prevent migration of sperm upwards into the tubes
  392. vaginal speculum
    instrument used to open the vaginal orifice wide enough to permit visual examination of the vagina and the cervix
  393. vulvectomy
    surgical removal of the vulva
  394. amniorrhea
    abnormal discharge of amniotic fluid as a sign of ruptured amniotic sac
  395. dystocia
    condition of difficult labor
  396. hyperemesis gravidarum
    severe nausea and vomiting during pregnancy
  397. lactorrhea
    abnormal spontaneous discharge of milk usually between nursings or after weaning
  398. polyhydramnios
    excessive production of amniotic fluid during fetal development
  399. pseudocyesis
    false pregnancy
  400. abruptio placentae
    the premature separation of the placenta from the uterine wall
  401. breech presentation
    an abnormal child birth in which the feet or knees appear through the birth canal first
  402. congenital anomaly
    abnormality present at birth
  403. cleft palate
    failure if the roof of the mouth to close during prenatal development
  404. esophageal atresia
    child is born with an absence of part of the esophagus
  405. down syndrome
    • trisomy 21
    • mental retardation, glossomegaly, stubby fingers and a fold over the eyelids
  406. eclampsia
    severe preeclampsia in which high blood pressure causes convulsions, coma or death
  407. pregnacy-induced hyperension
    PIH preeclampsia, high blood pressure, proteinuria and edema due to toxemia during pregnancy
  408. ectopic pregnacy
    a pregnancy occurring outside of the uterus
  409. erythroblastosis fetalis
    hemolytic disease of the newborn. red blood cells are destroyed due to an incompatibility between mothers blood and babys blood
  410. fetal alcohol syndrome
    causes brain dysfunction and growth abnormalities that usually afflict the child throughout life
  411. neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
    lung disorder in which cells of the lungs fail to mature at birth causing lungs collapse
  412. placenta previa
    placenta is abnormally attached to the uterine wall in the lower portion of the uterus
  413. toxoplasmosis
    protozoan from animal feces causes birth defects
  414. dur/o
  415. episi/o
  416. obstetr/o
  417. therapeutic abortion
    an abortion induced by surgery or drugs. TAB
  418. abortifacient
    drug that induces TAB
  419. amniocentesis
    penetration of the amnion with a syringe and aspiration of a small amount of amniotic fluid for analysis
  420. epidural block
    during child birth anesthetic is injected into the epidural space of the vertebral column to block sensation from the pelvic region
  421. episiotomy
    an incision through the vulva to widen the vaginal opening during child birth
  422. fetometry
    a procedure that measures the size of a fetus
  423. obstetrics
    medical field concerned with prenatal development pregnancy childbirth and postpartum period
  424. acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
    AIDs  disease that results from infection with human immunodeficiency virus(HIV)
  425. candidiasis
    infection by the yeastlike fungus candida albicans. sexually transmitted
  426. chlamydia
    STI that inculdes urethral or vaginal discharge and pelvic pain among women, urethritis and proctitis in men and inflammation of the eyes conjunctiva in newborns
  427. genital herpes
    caused by herpes simplex virus 2 od HSV-2. characterized by periodic outbreaks of ulcerlike sores on the genital and anorectal skin and mucous membranes
  428. gonorrhea
    STD characterized by urethral discharge and ulcerlike lesions on the mucous membranes and skin of the genital region
  429. hepatitis B
    inflammatory disease of the liver  that can be spread through sexual exchange of body fluids and can cause liver failure and death
  430. human papillomavirus
    HPV transmitted during intercourse. genital warts
  431. syphilis
    first appears as red painless pustules on the skin that erode into ulsers known as chancres
  432. trichomoniasis
    an STI causes vaginal pain and swelling in women. causes infected prostrate gland causing inflammation and pelvic pain
  433. AIDS
    acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
  434. BPH
    benign prostatic hyperplasia
  435. CIN
    cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
  436. CIS
    carcinoma in situ
  437. D&C
    dilation and curettage
  438. DRE
    digital rectal exam
  439. ED
    erectile dysfunction
  440. FAS
    fetal alcohol syndrome
  441. FBD
    fibrocystic breast disease
  442. GYN
  443. HBV
    hepatitis B virus
  444. HIV
    human immunodeficiency virus
  445. HPV
    human papillomavirus
  446. HRT
    hormone replacement therapy
  447. HSV-2
    herpes simplex virus type 2
  448. IDC
    infiltrating ductal carcinoma
  449. NRDS
    neonatal respiratory distress syndrome
  450. OB
  451. OB/GYN
  452. Pap spear test
    papanicolaou smear
  453. PID
    pelvic inflammatory disease
  454. PIH
    pregnancy induced hypertension
  455. PMS
    premenstual syndrome
  456. PSA
    prostate-specific antigen
  457. SAB
    spontaneous abortion
  458. STI
    sexually transmitted infection
  459. TAB
    therapeutic abortion
  460. TSS
    toxic shock syndrome
  461. TURP
    transurethral resection of the prostate
  462. TVS
    transvaginal sonography