Ch. 16. Psych

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Ch. 16. Psych
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2009-12-07 17:17:46
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Ch. 16 Psychological and Biological Treatments
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Ch. 16 Psychological and Biological Treatments flashcards for the Final Exxam!!!
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  1. Psychotherapy
    designed to help people resolve emotional, behavioral , and interpersonal problems and improve quality of life.
  2. Insight Therapies
    goal of expanding awareness or insight
  3. Psychoanalysis
    goal is to make unconscious, conscious.....six primary approaches

    • 1. Free Association- expressing self with out censorship; "say first thing that comes to mind"
    • 2. Interpretation- therapist's explanation of the patients's emotions and behavior
    • 3. Dream Analysis- reveal unconscious themes
    • 4. Resistance- difficulty patients experience when uncovering previously repressed thoughts, emotions and impulses
    • 5. Transference- projecting intense, unrealistic feeling and expectations from past onto the therapist
    • 6. Working Through- helping to process the problem (after insight is gained)
  4. Jung's Analytic Psychology
    goal is concerned with conscious aspects of the patients understanding. focus on individuation

    Amplification- expand on dream associations

    Prognostic Dreams- dreams that fortell the future
  5. Interpersonal Therapy
    focused on strengthening social skills and assisting with coping life transitions and conflicts
  6. Humanistic-Existential Psychotherapy
    goal is to emphasize development
  7. Humanistic
    self actualization occurs naturally, unless roadblocks hamper it
  8. Existential
    struggle and self discipline occur on way to personal fulfillment
  9. Phenomenological Approach
    deals with subjective phenomena experienced in the present
  10. Person Centered Therapy
    center on the patients goals and ways of solving problems

    Therapist must have authenticity, genuineness. Unconditional positive regard. Must also be empathic understanding
  11. Gestalt Therapy
    integrate different and somtimes opposing aspects of personality into a unified sense of self
  12. Experiential Therapy
    recognizes the importance of awareness, acceptance and expression of feelings
  13. Logotherapy
    goal is to help people find meaning in their lives
  14. Behavior Therapy
    goal is to focus on specific problems that maintain problematic thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.
  15. Behavioral Assessment
    identify and assess the problem, establish goals, then design and implement a strategy for behavior change.
  16. Functional Analysis
    uses a learning framework to determine the factors that precede the problem, their severity and their consequences
  17. Exposure Therapies
    confront their frears and show there are no consequences
  18. Systematic Desensitization
    taught to relax as gradually exposed to feared object/ situation in a stepwise manner
  19. Reciprocal Inhibition
    can experience two conflicting responses simultaneously
  20. Flooding
    patients immediately experience their greatest fear, with no aversive consequences
  21. Response Prevention
    therapists prevent patients from performing their typical avoidence behaviors
  22. Dismantling
    research procedure for examining the effectiveness of isolated components of a treatment
  23. Participant Modeling
    model a problematic situation and then guide the patient through steps to learn how to cope with it unassisted
  24. Operant Procedures
    goal is to use reward and punishment to shape behavior
  25. Token Economy
    desirable behaviors are rewarded with tokens that the patients can exchange for tangible rewards
  26. Aversion Therapy
    uses punishment to decrease frequency of undesirable behaviors
  27. Cognitive Behavioral Therapies
    goal is to attempt to replace maladaptive or irrational thoughts with more adaptive rational ones

    core assumptions are that thoughts can be identified and evaluated, that thoughts are the key player in psychological functioning and that irrational beliefs can be repalced by more rational adaptive cognitions.
  28. Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy
    goal is to promote logical beleifs, flexable beliefs with realistic expectations for self and others
  29. Beck's Cognitive Therapy
    goal is to emphasize identificaiton and modification of automatic, negative thoughts and long held negative beliefs.
  30. Eclecticism
    sampling bits and pieces from other approaches
  31. Dialectical Behavior Therapy
    treatment for suicide risk patients, emphasizes two sides, integration.
  32. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy
    coming to accept emotions/ circumstances
  33. Pharmacotherapy
    goal is to use medication to treat psychological problems
  34. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT)
    - brief electrical pulses to the brain which produce a seizure and treat serious psychological problems.
  35. Vagus Nerve Stimulation
    electrical pulses to stimulate vagus nerve, which may increase serotonin and blood flow.

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