TYPE OF CONTROL
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Terminal Attack Control
- Terminal Guidance Operations:
- Target Coordinates
- Adjusting Fires
- CFF (non-CAS platform)
Type 1 Control
- JTAC has VISUAL contact with attacking A/C and TGT.
- A/C has visually acquired Target or Mark.
- JTAC requires control of individual attack or any or all of the following conditions exist:
- JTAC unable to visually acquire the A/C at weapons release
- JTAC unable to visually acquire the target
- Attacking A/C is unable to visually acquire the target/mark prior to weapons release
Clearance for multiple attacks within a single pass.
Type 2 / 3 Control
JTAC must acquire target visually or utilize: targeting data from Scout, COLT, FIST, JFO, UAS, SOF, CAS aircrew or other asset with REAL Time targeting information.
TACTICAL RISK ASSESSMENT
Level of acceptable risk
- Failure to achieve desired effects
- Potential for Fratricide
- Potential for Collateral Damage
What determines type of control used?
Conditions determine which type of control is used.
Who decides what control to use?
The ____ situation will define the risk.
In most cases allow Aircrew to best match weapons carried against target
TYPE 1 ADVANTAGES:
- JTAC has most control over fratricide
- Real Time Abort
- Simpler Target Verfication
TYPE 1 DISADVANTAGES:
- may limit useable munitions
- JTAC must see target and A/C
TYPE 2 ADVANTAGE
- permits use of standoff weapons and full range of aircraft sensors
- allows full use of observation assets
TYPE 2 DISADVANTAGE
more difficult target verification
TYPE 3 ADVANTAGE
- Least restrictive to CAS A/C
- Multiple targets in an engagement area
TYPE 3 DISADVANTAGE
- CAS A/C may be required to find their own target
- Most difficult to quickly ascertain target validity and confirm BDA
JOINT FIRES OBSERVER
(JFO) support TYPE 2/3 CAS Terminal Attack Control and perform Terminal Guidance Operations.
JFO'S Joint Mission Task:
- Engage targets with:
- surface to surface fires
- naval surface fires
- air to ground fires
- Terminal Guidance Operations
JFO assist the JTAC's by:
- Passing Situation updates / 9 line briefs
- providing targeting data
- marking targets for CAS
- providing corrections of impacts / BDA
JFO's cannot provide terminal attack control clearance.
- Ground personnel must identify themselves as NON JTAC Qualified on aircraft check in.
- Provide as much of the 9 line brief as possible.
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