Ther Ex -ch 7

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Author:
laneaustin
ID:
243868
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Ther Ex -ch 7
Updated:
2013-10-30 02:50:50
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terms & concepts
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  1. physical fitness
    ability to perform physical work
  2. physical fitness requires
    cardiorespiratory functioning, muscular strength, endurance, flexibility
  3. VO2 Max is
    a measurement of max volume of o2 consumed per min
  4. vo2 max for normal adult
    38- 45 mL/kg per min
  5. endurance
    ability to work for a prolonged period of time
  6. muscular endurance
    ability of isolated muscle group to perform repeated contractions
  7. cardiovascular endurance
    ability to perform large muscle dynamic exercise
  8. aerobic condition results in..
    • increased oxidative enzymes
    • increased # and size of mitochondria
    • increase in muscle fiber capillary supply
  9. adaption
    neurological, physical, and biochem changes within the cardiovascular and muscular sysem in response to training stimulus
  10. myocardial o2 consumption
    oxygen consumed by myocardial muscle
  11. atp-pc
    • anaerobic
    • short, quick burst of energy in first 30 seconds
  12. anaerobic glycolytic
    • glycogen is fuel
    • lactic acid is byproduct
    • used in 30-90th second
  13. aerobic
    • glycogen, fats, and proteins are fuel
    • kicks in after first 120 seconds
  14. MET
    • metabolic equivalent
    • o2 consumed in ml per kg of body wt per min during activity
  15. reasons to terminate a stress test
    presents with angina, drop in systolic bp, lightheadedness, abnormal ECG, increase in BP, patient requests
  16. AAMHR
    220-age=aamhr
  17. karvonen formula determines what?
    concept of heart rate reserve
  18. what is the borg scale
    subjective estimate of perceived exertion of exercise intensity based on individual
  19. Borg scale range
    6-20
  20. types of condition of exercise programs
    • continuous
    • interval training
    • circuit training
  21. benefit of cool down from exercise
    prevention of venous pooling fainting, enhance recovery period, replace energy stores
  22. what is the specificity principle
    little overlap when training for strength activities and training for endurance activities
  23. what is the overload principle
    exercise load must be above training stimulus threshold for adaption to occur
  24. what is reversibility?
    effects of exercise are transiet and reversible

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