Ther Ex - ch. 8

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Author:
laneaustin
ID:
243869
Filename:
Ther Ex - ch. 8
Updated:
2013-10-30 03:00:12
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terms concepts
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terms and concepts
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  1. what is balance?
    • ability to maintain equilibrium
    • maintain COM over BOS
  2. static equilibrium is what?
    maintain posture during non-movement
  3. dynamic equilibrium is what?
    maintain COM over BOS while in motion
  4. 4 interrelated systems in balance control
    visual, somatosensory, vestibular, sensory organization
  5. Balance strategies (4)
    • ankle
    • hip
    • stepping
    • suspension
  6. presentations in balance changes due to age
    slowed gait, reaction time, lower extremity strength, ROM, bone density, and connective tissue flexibility, visual ability, depth perception
  7. Types of balance tests
    • static balance
    • dynamic balance
    • timed get up and go
    • tinetti
    • berg
    • four square stepĀ 
    • tandem walking
    • foam
    • automatic activites
    • postural stress test
  8. Tinetti Balance test involves
    • balance and gait assessments
    • scored 28
    • 9 mobility
    • 7 gait
  9. berg balance test involves
    • ability to perform ADL's
    • max score of 56
    • scores of 36 and below are high fall risk
  10. treatment for balance problems
    • use testing weaknesses as fundamental exercises
    • address cause: pain, decreased ROM, weakness, gait defects

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