Antibiotics

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Author:
mame727
ID:
243964
Filename:
Antibiotics
Updated:
2013-10-31 23:03:51
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Antibiotics table columns
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Description:
Antibiotis first three columns for exam3 and quiz
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  1. Beta- lactam
    Penicillins
    • Penicillin v and G
    • Amoxicillin
    • Ampicillin
    • Methicillin
    • Carbenicillin
    • Oxacillin

    Pacmo

    Inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis: blocks the transpeptidase that catalyzes the cross-linking of peptidoglycan
  2. Beta-lactam
     Monobactams
    Aztreonam

    Inhibits the bacterial cell wall synthesis: Blocks the transpeptidase that catalyzes the cross-linking of peptidoglycan.
  3. Beta-lactam
      Carbapenems
    • Imipenem
    • Meropenem

    Inhibits cell wall synthesis: Blocks the transpeptidase that catalyzes the cross-linking of peptidoglycan.
  4. Beta-lactam
       Cephalosporins
    • Cephalothin
    • Cephalexin
    • Ceftriaxone
    • Cefotaxime

    Inhibits bacterial cell wall synthesis: Blocks the transpeptidase that catalyzes the cross-linking of peptidoglycan.
  5. Chloramphenicol
    Chloramphenicol

    Inhibits protein synthesis: Binds to the 50s  subunit of the bBlocks the peptidyltransferase that bind the amino acids
  6. Polymyxin B
    • Polymyxin B
    • Disrupts the plasma membrane.
  7. Glycopeptide
    Vancomycin

    • Inhibits cell wall synthesis:
    • Binds to L-ala-D-ala subunits and prevents their insertion into the cell wall.
  8. Glycopeptide 2
    Bacitracin (a mixture of cyclic polypeptides)

    Inhibits cell wall synthesis

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