Corrections Chapter 14.txt

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Corrections Chapter 14.txt
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2013-10-30 16:10:38
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corrections chapter 14
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  1. Walnut Street Jail (1790s)
    • focus on redemption
    • read Bible and reflect on their wrongdoings
  2. Medical Model
    • mid 1900s
    • offenders are "sick" and in need of treatment
    • focus on productive labor
  3. Classical Model
    • offenders have free will and chose whether or not to commit crimes
    • programming and assessment
  4. Punishment and Rehabilitation
    • current society expects a dual approach - punish and rehabilitate
    • adequate assessment of needs of offender
    • programming designed to successfully return them to the community
  5. How Inmate Needs are Identified
    • upon entry, inmates are objectively assessed for risk of violence and rehabilitation needs
    • assessment, testing, and interviews identify specific inmate program needs
    • inmates move from reception to regular incarceration housing
    • unit/treatment team meets regularly with inmate to review progress
  6. Education in Prisons
    • 1983 - mandatory education, inmates who functioned at <6th grade
    • 1986 - raised level to 8th grade, additional states adopted literary programs
    • Crime Control Act of 1990 - mandatory 12th grade education
  7. Vocational Training
    • inmate recidivism declined
    • parole revocations declined
    • inmates in ovational training have better disciplinary records in prison
  8. Loss of Pell Grants
    • 1970s - way for "disadvantaged" to receive funds for post-secondary education
    • 1994 - inmates no longer allowed to receive Pell grants due to public complaints of free education
  9. Mental Health Programs
    • a high percentage of inmates have mental health needs
    • the security needed to control these inmates leads to programmatic complication
    • correctional agencies are not the ideal mental health providers
  10. Successful Treatment of Mentally Ill Inmates
    • integrated service delivery
    • continuity of care - on going even after release
    • array of services
    • treatment delivery by multidisciplinary teams
  11. Prison Work Programs
    • Walnut Street Jail - inmates worked not only to benefit themselves but to provide goods for the state
    • 1800s - prisons leased out prisoners to the private sector
    • Early 20th century - prisoners produced items which could be sold in government agencies
  12. Prison Industries
    • work assignments similar to private-sector operations
    • work experience can provide valuable training
    • inmate earnings can help support families and pay fines and restitution
    • earnings of the industry can offset costs
    • work assignments help alleviate inmate boredom, which leads to better behavior
  13. Religious Programs
    • religious practices acknowledged to be important for rehabilitation
    • prisons attempt to accommodate inmates religious practices

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