Theories of Personality ch.7
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Objects that are frustrating, unfullfiling, or painful and often experienced as persecuting and attacking.
The child's prevailing melancholy or deperesssive feeling that is derived from the fear of losing the good object by destruction or mutilation.
An angry feeling that another person possesses and enjoys something desirable. The infant develops feeling of envy when the mother's breast is begrudging, depriving him or her of ample milk, care, and love.
An impetuous and insatiable craving that exceeds what loved object can give and what the greedy person actually needs. the greedy person is never satsified by any amount of goodness
the infantile ego's attitude of "strongly exalting the object" and what it provides. The good breast is idealized as a protection against the persecution of the bad breast. Klein also added the idealization serves to diminish envy of the good object
An attitude that occurs when a person feels that love is in danger of being taken away by a rival.
In Freud's theories, objects were considered aims of id derives; later theorists defined object relations as the person's actual relationship with the subjective views of "objects" (mostly people) beyond the subjective world of self.
The fear of one's own annihilation fear that one's own ego is at risk of attack.
Dysfunctions of empathy, love, and hate in relating to objects and to self may be found in schizoid personality phenomena. The infant "splits" its relationships with the object into love and hate-love for the good and hate for the bad object.
Originally used by Klein to indicate the separation of good and bad objects in child's phantasy. Subsequently Klein elaborated to include structural splits in the child's id, ego, and self.
The feeling of being mildly or extremely uncomfortable with one's body. A persons might develop the delusion that he or she is not "in" his or her body. In a milder variation there can be the belief that something is alarmingly different, "not right", or "not real" about one's own body.
A frightening unintegerated state caused by developmental failure. this state often associated with psychotic-level psychopathology.
A sense of self in which the feeling of being real is absent. The False Self masks and hides the True Self. The True Self does not feel secure enough to surface and display its facets spontaneously. the False Self may serve as a care-taker, defender, imitator, or facilitator of the True Self.
A mother who "holds" her infant securely in her arms while feeding, cleaning, and playing with it. She provides warmth, reliability and sameness. She provides encouragement and support for the infants "going on being".
A physical and psychological process that enables the infant securely to organize his or her muddled urges wishes, and fears into predictable experiences. The mother's holding is a primary means of communication between a mother and her infant and promises comfort and stability. It fosters the beginning of personality integration.
The process of becoming increasingly comfortable with ownership of the body and its sensations. Satisfactory personalization leads to the feeling that the infant is "in" his or her own body
Objects that bridge the gap between the child's dependance on its mother and its need to progress to independence. Teddy bears, blankets and other cuddly things are often transitional objects.
The core self, or, the True Self is a synonym for the "experience of aliveliness." The True Self is real, spontaneous, and creative.
Those anxieties having to do with going to pieces, falling forever, having no relationship to the body, having no orientation, or complete isolation due to inadequate communication. The mother's loving physical and emotional care prevents the infant from unbearable anxiety.
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