Theories of Personality ch.7

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Theories of Personality ch.7
2013-10-30 17:02:32
theories psychology personality vocabulary

definitions for chapter 7
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  1. Bad objects
    Objects that are frustrating, unfullfiling, or painful and often experienced as persecuting and attacking.
  2. Depressive position
    The child's prevailing melancholy or deperesssive feeling that is derived from the fear of losing the good object by destruction or mutilation.
  3. Envy
    An angry feeling that another person possesses and enjoys something desirable. The infant develops feeling of envy when the mother's breast is begrudging, depriving him or her of ample milk, care, and love.
  4. Greed
    An impetuous and insatiable craving that exceeds what loved object can give and what the greedy person actually needs. the greedy person is never satsified by any amount of goodness
  5. Idealization
    the infantile ego's attitude of "strongly exalting the object" and what it provides. The good breast is idealized as a protection against the persecution of the bad breast. Klein also added the idealization serves to diminish envy of the good object
  6. Jealousy
    An attitude that occurs when a person feels that love is in danger of being taken away by a rival.
  7. Object relations
    In Freud's theories, objects were considered aims of id derives; later theorists defined object relations as the person's actual relationship with the subjective views of "objects" (mostly people) beyond the subjective world of self.
  8. Paranoic position
    The fear of one's own annihilation fear that one's own ego is at risk of attack.
  9. Paranoid-schizoid position
    Dysfunctions of empathy, love, and hate in relating to objects and to self may be found in schizoid personality phenomena. The infant "splits" its relationships with the object into love and hate-love for the good and hate for the bad object.
  10. Splitting
    Originally used by Klein to indicate the separation of good and bad objects in child's phantasy. Subsequently Klein elaborated to include structural splits in the child's id, ego, and self.
  11. Depersonalization
    The feeling of being mildly or extremely uncomfortable with one's body. A persons might develop the delusion that he or she is not "in" his or her body. In a milder variation there can be the belief that something is alarmingly different, "not right", or "not real" about one's own body.
  12. Disintergeration
    A frightening unintegerated state caused by developmental failure. this state often associated with psychotic-level psychopathology.
  13. False Self
    A sense of self in which the feeling of being real is absent. The False Self masks and hides the True Self. The True Self does not feel secure enough to surface and display its facets spontaneously. the False Self may serve as a care-taker, defender, imitator, or facilitator of the True Self.
  14. Good-enough mother
    A mother who "holds" her infant securely in her arms while feeding, cleaning, and playing with it. She provides warmth, reliability and sameness. She provides encouragement and support for the infants "going on being".
  15. Holding
    A physical and psychological process that enables the infant securely to organize his or her muddled urges wishes, and fears into predictable experiences. The mother's holding is a primary means of communication between a mother and her infant and promises comfort and stability. It fosters the beginning of personality integration.
  16. Personalization
    The process of becoming increasingly comfortable with ownership of the body and its sensations. Satisfactory personalization leads to the feeling that the infant is "in" his or her own body
  17. Transitional objects
    Objects that bridge the gap between the child's dependance on its mother and its need to progress to independence. Teddy bears, blankets  and other cuddly things are often transitional objects.
  18. True Self
    The core self, or, the True Self is a synonym for the "experience of aliveliness." The True Self is real, spontaneous, and creative.
  19. Unthinkable anxiety
    Those anxieties having to do with going to pieces, falling forever, having no relationship to the body, having no orientation, or complete isolation due to inadequate communication. The mother's loving physical and emotional care prevents the infant from unbearable anxiety.