AMH2020 Terminology Quiz 3

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AMH2020 Terminology Quiz 3
2013-10-30 21:37:24
amh 21 22

amh definition terms
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  1. spoils system
    the widespread award of public jobs to political jobs to political supporters after an electoral victory
  2. patronage
    the power of elected officials to grant government jobs and favors to their supporters; also the jobs and favors themselves
  3. grandfather clause
    a law permitting citizens to register as voters only if their grandfathers had been eligible to vote
  4. direct primary
    the selection of party candidates by a popular vote rather than by the party convention
  5. Recall
    a law that permits voters to remove an elected official from his post and elect a replacement if they are dissatisfied with their performance
  6. Referendum
    a direct vote on whether or not t adopt a particular law or government policy
  7. Voluntarism
    the view that citizens should themselves improve their lives, rather than rely on the efforts of government
  8. Syndicalists
    members of a revolutionary movement that, like socialists, believed in the Marxist principle of class struggle and advocated the organization of society on the basis of industrial unionism
  9. General strike
    a strike that draws in all the workers in a society, with the intention of shutting the entire system down
  10. Populism
    late 19th century political movement of farmers, most notably in the West and South, that identified laissez-faire capitalism (in which the gov't has limited involvement) and big business as responsible for the worsening economic circumstances in rural America
  11. Industrial union
    a group of workers in a single industry (auto, mining, railroad) organized into a single association, regardless of skill, rather than into separate craft-based associations
  12. Labor movement
    the efforts of workers as a group, often as a union, trying to improve their economic position and general welfare
  13. labor theory of value
    the belief that the price of a product should reflect the work that went into making it and should be paid mostly to the person who produced it
  14. yellow journalism
    newspapers that specialize in sensationalistic reporting
  15. Square Deal
    Theodore Roosevelt's (1901-1909) domestic reform program that called for gov't control of corporate abuses
  16. Progressivism
    a wide-ranging 20th century reform movement that advocated gov't activism to mitigate the problems created by urban industrialism
  17. Social Purity Movement
    progressive reform movement of the late 19th century that aimed to rid cities of vice, particularly prostitution
  18. National American Women Suffrage Association (NAWSA)
    suffrage organization created in 1890 by the union of the National Woman Suffrage Association and the American Woman Suffrage Association
  19. National Woman's Party
    political party originally formed as the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage in 1913; fought for equal rights amendment in the US Constitution
  20. National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
    a coalition of blacks and whites who sought legal and political rights for African Americans through the courts
  21. Niagara movement
    a black civil rights organization founded in 1905 by William Monroe Trotter and W.E.B. Dubois that called for universal male suffrage, civil rights, and leadership by a black intellectual elite; helped build the NAACP