VTNE Reveiw: Pharmacology (Antimicrobials-Pencillins)
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Name the 5 mechanisms of antimicrobials:DCMID
- disruption if the development of the cell wall
- cell membrane damage
- microbial protein synthesis interference
- inhibition of nucleic acid production
- disruption of microbial metabolic activity
What type of antimicrobial usually disrupts the development of the cell wall?
What does this make them?
Name the 8 penicillins:A,AC,A,C,P,P,TTC,CDO
- amoxicillion w/ clavulanic acid
- penicillin G
- penicillin VK
- ticarcillin/ticarcillin w/ clavulanic acid
Trade names amoxicillin:AT,AI,B,AM
What is a tip to use when giving amoxicillin?
give with food if GI upset occurs
Trade name of amoxicillin w/ clavulonic acid:C
What is amoxicillin with clavulonic acid an alternative for?
bacteria that have developed a resistance to amoxicillin
Ampicillin trade name:P
Ampicillin should not be given orally to who?
Carbenicillin trade name:G
Carbenicillin is considered a anti what?
Trade names for penicillin G:CFD
With Penicillin G the route depends on the form what should always be checked?
- and do not give cloudy soln IV unless specifically instructed!
Penicillin VK tradename:V
What is considered the best penicillin for oral administration?
Trade names for ticarcillin/ticarcillin w/ clavulanic acid:TT
For ticarcillin/ticarcillin w/ clavulanic acid the injectible form is often combined with what?
Should this be mixed in the same syringe?
Trade names for Cloxacillin/dicloxacillin/oxacillin:CCDD
Cloxacillin/dicloxacillin/oxacillin are resistant to what?
penicillinase from bacteria
What would you like to do?
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