VTNE Reveiw: Pharmacology (Antimicrobials-Pencillins)

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Author:
heather.dundas
ID:
244114
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VTNE Reveiw: Pharmacology (Antimicrobials-Pencillins)
Updated:
2013-10-31 06:31:29
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vti
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vti
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  1. cidal
    kill
  2. static
    prevent replication
  3. Name the 5 mechanisms of antimicrobials:DCMID
    • disruption if the development of the cell wall
    • cell membrane damage
    • microbial protein synthesis interference
    • inhibition of nucleic acid production
    • disruption of microbial metabolic activity
  4. What type of antimicrobial usually disrupts the development of the cell wall?
    What does this make them?
    • penicillins
    • bacteriostatic
  5. Name the 8 penicillins:A,AC,A,C,P,P,TTC,CDO
    • amoxicillin
    • amoxicillion w/ clavulanic acid
    • ampicillin
    • carbenicillin
    • penicillin G
    • penicillin VK
    • ticarcillin/ticarcillin w/ clavulanic acid
    • cloxacillin/dicloxacillin/oxacillin
  6. Trade names amoxicillin:AT,AI,B,AM
    • Amoxi-Tabs
    • Amoxi-Inject
    • Biomox
    • Amoxi-Mast
  7. What is a tip to use when giving amoxicillin?
    give with food if GI upset occurs
  8. Trade name of amoxicillin w/ clavulonic acid:C
    Clavamox
  9. What is amoxicillin with clavulonic acid an alternative for?
    bacteria that have developed a resistance to amoxicillin
  10. Ampicillin trade name:P
    Polyflex
  11. Ampicillin should not be given orally to who?
    rabbits
  12. Carbenicillin trade name:G
    Geocillin
  13. Carbenicillin is considered a anti what?
    antipsuedomonial
  14. Trade names for penicillin G:CFD
    • Crystacillin
    • Flocillin
    • Dual-Pen
  15. With Penicillin G the route depends on the form what should always be checked?
    • label!
    • and do not give cloudy soln IV unless specifically instructed!
  16. Penicillin VK tradename:V
    Veetids
  17. What is considered the best penicillin for oral administration?
    Penicillin VK
  18. Trade names for ticarcillin/ticarcillin w/ clavulanic acid:TT
    • Ticar
    • Ticarmenton
  19. For ticarcillin/ticarcillin w/ clavulanic acid the injectible form is often combined with what?
    Should this be mixed in the same syringe?
    • aminoglycosides
    • NEVER!
  20. Trade names for Cloxacillin/dicloxacillin/oxacillin:CCDD
    • Cloxacillin
    • Cloxapen
    • Dri-Clox
    • Dari-Clox
  21. Cloxacillin/dicloxacillin/oxacillin are resistant to what?
    penicillinase from bacteria

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