Animal Science

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  1. Ethology
    the study of animal behavior in the animals natural habitat

    • non-domesticated= wild
    • domesticated=normally kept
  2. applied animal ethologist
    scientist that study animal behavior with the goal of improving animal management
  3. karl von frisch
    • discovered how bees transmit information
    • ex: direction, distance of necter to hive members
  4. konrad lorenz
    • discovered imprinting¬†
    • ex: animal learning who the mom is and the species it belongs to
  5. Nikolass Timbergen
    • survival behavior¬†
    • ex: bird throws egg shells away from nest to keep predators away
  6. gregariousness
    farm animals are generally content in herds or flocks
  7. social organization
    members of herds or flocks organize by social dominance or "pecking order"
  8. promiscuous matings
    producers can use one sire to breed many females and can also make a specific mating decisions to achieve herd improvement goals
  9. precocial young
    foals, lambs, calves, piglets, and kids are born with their eyes open and can stand and follow their mothers within an hour or two of birth
  10. adaptability
    domestic animals will adapt to a wide range of environments, including managements systems and feeds
  11. limited agility and docile temperament
    cattle and most other commercial species can be contained with relatively simple, inexpensive fencing. breed differences in temperament can also affect the need to stronger or taller fencing
  12. instinctive
    behaviors an animal exhibits in the absence of any opportunity to learn them
  13. natural selection
    desired behavioral characteristics
  14. photoperiod
    the amount of daylight or artificial light exposure in a 24 hour period
  15. social group where animal lives
    • farm animals will reach puberty faster with their own species, especially if kept with members of the opposite sex
    • ex: group size, age, sex and dominace
  16. physiology
    physical and chemical pathways by which the body functions
  17. heredity
    genes received from the sire and dam via the sperm and ovum
  18. sensory receptors
    visual, auditory, tactile, taste, olfactory
  19. spinal cord
    reaction is called reflex
  20. lower brain (hypothalamus and brain stem)
    controls subconscious activities necessary for life also anger, sex, excitement
  21. brain cortex
    controls storage of information, learning, thought, and conscious control of movement
  22. endocrine system
    includes glands that produce and release hormones into the blood regulates body metabolism
  23. thermoregualtion
    moving to shade, seeking water or a breeze, or seeking shelter
  24. binocular vision
    stereo effect of using two eyes
  25. tactile sense for farm animals
    important for insect detection on the skin, grooming, and fro communication with others
  26. taste in livestock
    readily distinguish between the four tastes
  27. taste in poultry
    color in feed increases intake
  28. home range
    the territory an animal or group of animals normally occupy and in which it feel comfortable
  29. cattle sheep horses
    drink 1-4 times a day depending on temp feed intake and type of feed
  30. horses
    sleep a few hours most occurs with the horse standing
  31. birds
    sleep while standing or perched
  32. pigs
    sleep soundly and for longer periods
  33. polygamous
    free breeding and without specific mates
  34. courtship
    nosing the area of the vulva, nudging the female from behind, flehmen, vocal displays, stamping and pawing the ground, challenging other males
  35. rejection of newborn
    • difficult birth
    • temporary separation
    • a storm
    • herd or flock migration
    • birth occurring in a crowded pen with other amimals
Card Set:
Animal Science
2013-10-31 16:13:33

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