Chapter 6 vocab
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An active system that receives information from the senses, puts that information into a useable form, and organizes it as it stores it away, and then retrieves the information from storage
The set of mental operations that ppl perform on sensory information to convert that information into a form that is useable in brains storage system
Holding onto information for some period of time
Getting information that is in storage into a form that can be used
Model of memory that assumes the processing of information for memory storage is similar to the way a computer processes memory in a series of three stages
Parallel distributed Processing (PDP) model
A model of memory in which memory processes are proposed to take place at the same time over a large network of neutral connections
Model of memory that assumes information that is more "deeply processed" or processed according to its meaning rather than just the sound or physical characteristics of the word or words, will be remembered more efficiently and for a longer period of time.
The very FIRST stage of memory, the point at which information enters the nervous system through the sensor system.
VISUAL sensory memory lasting only a fraction of a second.
- The ability to access a visual memory for 30 seconds
- Also called PHOTOGRAPHIC MEMORY
Information that has just entered iconic memory will be pushed out very quick by new information
Partial Report Method
A grid of letters immediately sounded a high, medium, or low tome just after the grid was shown
Short-Term memory (STM)
- The memory system in which information is held for brief periods of time while being used
- 2nd step
- Can last for 12 to 30 seconds
(think cocktail party)
the ability to focus on only one stimulus from among all sensory input
The brief memory of something a person has just heard
An active system that processes the information in STM
- Pulls different types of information together and you are able to successfully greet good know who ppl are
- Name, face and greeting all at once
Digit span Test
- a series of numbers in read to subject in the study who are then asked to recall the numbers in order.
- Make longer until the subject cannot recall all of the numbers.
A way for ppl to keep info into STM.
uses rehearsal will decay as new neurons are added to the already existing neural circuits.
practice of saying some information to be remembered over and over in one's head in order to maintain it in stm
The system of memory into which all the information is placed to be kept more or less permanently
a method of transferring information form STM into LTM by making that information meaningful in some way
Procedural (nondecarative) memory
- type of ltm including memory for skills, procedures, habits, and conditioned responses.
- Not conscious
loss of memory form the point of injury or trauma forward, or the inability to form new LTM
memory that is not easily brought into conscious awareness, such as procedural memory
type of LTM containing information is couscous and known
type of declarative memory containing personal info
type of declarative memory containing general knowledge such as knowledge of language and info learned
memory that is consciously known, such as declarative memory
Semantic network model
model of memory organization that assumes info is stored in the brain in a connected fashion
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